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Netherlands:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

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Overview Netherlands

Contents

Netherlands:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Netherlands:Historical Development

Netherlands:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Netherlands:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Netherlands:Political and Economic Situation

Netherlands:Organisation and Governance

Netherlands:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Netherlands:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Netherlands:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Netherlands:Organisation of Private Education

Netherlands:National Qualifications Framework

Netherlands:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Netherlands:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Netherlands:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Netherlands:Funding in Education

Netherlands:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Netherlands:Higher Education Funding

Netherlands:Adult Education and Training Funding

Netherlands:Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Primary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of Primary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in Primary Education

Netherlands:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Netherlands:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Netherlands:Higher Education

Netherlands:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Netherlands:First Cycle Programmes

Netherlands:Bachelor

Netherlands:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Netherlands:Second Cycle Programmes

Netherlands:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Netherlands:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Netherlands:Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Distribution of Responsibilities

Netherlands:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Netherlands:Main Providers

Netherlands:Main Types of Provision

Netherlands:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Netherlands:Teachers and Education Staff

Netherlands:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Management and Other Education Staff

Netherlands:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Netherlands:Management Staff for Higher Education

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Quality Assurance

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Educational Support and Guidance

Netherlands:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Netherlands:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Netherlands:Mobility and Internationalisation

Netherlands:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Mobility in Higher Education

Netherlands:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Netherlands:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Netherlands:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:National Reforms in School Education

Netherlands:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Netherlands:National Reforms in Higher Education

Netherlands:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Netherlands:European Perspective

Netherlands:Legislation

Netherlands:Institutions

Netherlands:Bibliography

Netherlands:Glossary

Pupil assessment

Continuous assessment takes place several times a year. At most schools, parents receive three to four progress reports per year. Some schools also give six-weekly interim reports on pupils’ progress. Report card marks are based on numerous data about a pupil’s performance. While each school has its own assessment system, report card marks generally reflect a pupil’s combined performance on:

  • written and oral tests to check that homework has been done;
  • written tests;
  • projects.

The Secondary Education Act shows the obligations that the school board must meet. The school board must offer its supply so that it meets the attainment targets and reference levels (only available in Dutch).

The attainment targets are drawn up under the responsibility of the Minister of Education, Culture and Science and describe what pupils are expected to achieve in terms of knowledge and skills in the lower years. Schools monitor pupil's progress by means of regular testing. Usually, the progress of the student is discussed with the parents / guardians of the pupil.

The summative evaluation is achieved through the use of tests and observations. In secondary education a national exam takes place in the last year:

  • Year 4 of VMBO
  • Year 5 of HAVO
  • Year 6 of VWO

 This result, together with the school exam is the final exam results.


Progression of pupils

The school plan outlines the school’s policy on educational and other matters. The educational policy is established herein, including the rules for promoting pupils to the next year. At the end of the second school year, the school will advise pupils about the type of education that would be most appropriate for them: VMBO, HAVO or VWO.

There are no legal rules that mention how long a student can do about completing VMBO, HAVO or VWO. The school regulations of most schools mention that pupils:

  • can repeat in the same class, with a maximum of one time;
  • may fail the exam one time;
  • are allowed to remain seated two times in different classes.

In the school guide mentions the rules used by the child's school.


Certification

VMBO

The VMBO leaving examination exists of every subject in a school examination (i.e. physical education, social studies and arts I) or of a school examination and anational examination (the other subjects).The math tests is also a compulsory part, the results are not (yet) taken into account. However the results are mentioned on the list of marks.

  • The school examination consists of an exam file. This file contains several parts such as a school project, this is a practical assignment on a theme from the sector in which the learner follows education. The school exams are normally spread over the penultimate and final school year, but take always place before the national examination.

All learning pathways in VMBO have a common segment, a profile segment and an optional segment. The common segment comprises the Dutch and English language, social studies, physical education and at least one of the subjects in visual arts, music, dance or drama.

  • The national examination consists of central written exams and combined written and practical exams. The national examination is normally conducted in the last school year and has three periods. The first is in May, the second in June and the third in August. In May, all students do their exam. The other periods are for students who have to take the exam again or students who have to overtake an exam. 

The final grade for the final exam for all pathways of VMBO are established as follows: for each subject or program the grade for the school examination is combined with the grade for the national examination. A candidate is graduated if:

  • The arithmetic mean of the marks obtained at the central examination is at least 5.5.
  • The math test is made.
  • He / she has obtained at least a 5 for the subject Dutch.
  • He / she has obtained one 5 and further grades of 6 or higher.
  • He / she has obtained one 4, further grades of 6 or higher, including at least one 7 or higher.
  • He / she has obtained two fives, further grades of 6 or higher, including at least one 7 or higher.
  • He / she has achieved for physical education and arts I 'satisfactory' or 'good'.
  • The school project is assessed with 'good' or 'satisfactory', in case of the theoretical (VMBO-TL) or combined program (VMBO-GL). 

The final grade, for the vocationally-oriented subject in VMBO-B (basic vocational programme) and VMBO-K (middle-management vocational programme), is counted as two grades. An unsatisfactory final grade for this vocationally-oriented subject is counted as two unsatisfactory grades. For example: the grade ‘7’ is counted as two times a ‘7’, and the grade ‘5’ is counted as two times a ‘5’. If a student obtained a grade ‘4’ for the vocationally-oriented subject, it means that he/she did not pass the exam.

Another results determination accounts for students who, via learning support (LWOO), follow the work-study program. Students in the work-study program should take at least an exam in Dutch and the vocationally-oriented subject and for both subjects they must achieve at least a grade ‘6’. They must also make the math test.

Not all subjects are marked numerically:

  • physical education and arts I in the common component, and the school project, are marked as ‘satisfactory’ or ‘good’;
  • the mark obtained in the school examination for social studies counts in its entirety towards the final results.

Pupils who pass the exams receive a VMBO certificate that specifies the learning pathway followed. Pupils who followed a combined work and study programme receive a VMBO certificate for the basic vocational/work-study pathway. Pupils who trained to assistant level receive a level 1 MBO certificate. Pupils leaving a school for practical training receive a certificate of attendance.

Source: Examination decision Secondary education (only available in Dutch)