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Netherlands:Adult Education and Training Funding

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Overview Netherlands

Contents

Netherlands:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Netherlands:Historical Development

Netherlands:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Netherlands:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Netherlands:Political and Economic Situation

Netherlands:Organisation and Governance

Netherlands:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Netherlands:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Netherlands:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Netherlands:Organisation of Private Education

Netherlands:National Qualifications Framework

Netherlands:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Netherlands:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Netherlands:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Netherlands:Funding in Education

Netherlands:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Netherlands:Higher Education Funding

Netherlands:Adult Education and Training Funding

Netherlands:Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Organisation of Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Assessment in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:Primary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of Primary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in Primary Education

Netherlands:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Netherlands:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Netherlands:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education (MBO)

Netherlands:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Netherlands:Higher Education

Netherlands:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Netherlands:First Cycle Programmes

Netherlands:Bachelor

Netherlands:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Netherlands:Second Cycle Programmes

Netherlands:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Netherlands:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Netherlands:Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Distribution of Responsibilities

Netherlands:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Netherlands:Main Providers

Netherlands:Main Types of Provision

Netherlands:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Netherlands:Teachers and Education Staff

Netherlands:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Management and Other Education Staff

Netherlands:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Netherlands:Management Staff for Higher Education

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Netherlands:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Quality Assurance

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Netherlands:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Educational Support and Guidance

Netherlands:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Netherlands:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Netherlands:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Netherlands:Mobility and Internationalisation

Netherlands:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Mobility in Higher Education

Netherlands:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Netherlands:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Netherlands:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Netherlands:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Netherlands:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Netherlands:National Reforms in School Education

Netherlands:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Netherlands:National Reforms in Higher Education

Netherlands:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Netherlands:European Perspective

Netherlands:Legislation

Netherlands:Institutions

Netherlands:Bibliography

Netherlands:Glossary

Funding

Adult education

An additional amount of money available for courses in literacy and numeracy

The government wants that a large, adult, group of people with illiteracy follows adult education and training. Therefore municipalities especially provide courses that help people to improve their literacy and numeracy skills.

Municipalities receive € 56 million (yearly) from the national government to pay attention to this target group. This funding goes to the central municipalities of the labor market regions, which can buy education courses from the providers of their choice. The money is distributed based on a distribution formula. The number of low-skilled, immigrants and recipients of social assistance in a region determines the budget received by the central municipality of these labor market regions.

VAVO (Adult general secondary education)

The government makes € 58 million available directly for VAVO provided at the ROCs (Regional Training Centres). This lump for VAVO institutions is divided by three criteria:

  1.   Number of registered students
  2.   Number ‘subjects sufficient’
  3.   Number of diplomas.

Fees Paid by Learners

Adult education

The fees for adult education courses are normally paid by the participants themselves. The exact amount depends on the type of course and on the participant's personal situation.

NT2 state examination fees
The fees for three NT2 state examinations are €45 per test. The examination fees for the four tests (listening, speaking, reading and writing) amount to €180. The fees will normally be paid by the individual candidate but in principle they may also be paid by the school or training institute, the municipal social services or a refugee organisation.

VAVO (Adult general secondary education)

In addition to the national funding from the government adults participants (18 years and older) in VAVO do pay fees. The exact amount depends on the type of course and on the participant's personal situation.

Fees for full-time VAVO courses
Students pay course fees if they are 18 or older on 1 August of the year in which the course starts, and attending full-time adult general secondary education (VAVO). For the current and next academic year, the fees are as follows:

  • 2015/2016 - €1,131
  • 2016/2017 - €1,137

Fees for part-time VAVO courses
Students pay course fees if they are 18 or older on 1 August of the year in which the course starts, and attending part-time adult general secondary education (VAVO). Course fees are charged if the student is attending a part-time course (less than 850 classroom hours per year) in adult general second education and is aged 18 or above. The exact sum is recorded in the education agreement.

The regulation 'setting tuition and course fees' determines the tariffs annually. The course fee for part-time adult students in VAVO (of 18 years and older) is  € 0.75 per 45 minutes of teaching in school year 2015/2016.

A student who is under 18 on the first day (1 August) of the school year in which the course starts is not charged for fees in that school year. In other words, VAVO is free of charge for students aged under 18.


Financial Support for Adult LearnersFinancial Support for Adult Learners

Adult education

In some cases it is possible to obtain a grant towards study costs or to deduct them from income tax.
Sometimes, a municipality will cover all or part of the course fees, for example if the participant needs a certificate in order to get a job, and is already long-term unemployed. In other cases, the fees may be paid by an employer, for example if having a better knowledge of Dutch would enable the participant to perform better in their job.

VAVO (Adult general secondary education)

Students in the VAVO may be awarded an allowance for educational expenses. In order to receive this, a student must live in the Netherlands and must follow full-time training in adult general secondary education (one or  two years VMBO, HAVO and VWO). Furthermore, the student must be between 18 and 30 years old and the student must have the Dutch nationality.

This funding is designed to offset the cost of, for instance, books, bus or train fares and in some cases school fees. It does not include a student travel pass. The allowance is not a loan (i.e. it is not repayable). It consists of a basic allowance and a supplementary allowance. The basic allowance varies depending on whether the student lives with their parents or not. The supplementary allowance is intended to offset educational expenses and fees. For more information, see Financial support for students in secondary education.

 

Private education

Private primary education is not financed by government. In the Netherlands, anyone may establish a school based on their own religious or ideological beliefs or educational principles, in accordance with the freedom of education enshrined in article 23 of the Constitution (only in Dutch available).

Not being funded by government, private schools are completely dependent on third-party contributions, including from pupils’ families. This means fees are usually higher than the parental contribution at publicly-funded schools. However, fees vary from one institution to another.

Adult education

There is no private adult education for low-skilled people.

VAVO (Adult general secondary education)

The Ministry of Education, Culture and Science has established a register of all private schools for adult general secondary education. The register of private (i.e. non-government-funded) (only available in Dutch) educational institutions lists all recognized providers of adult education. The Ministry of Education, Culture and Science publishes this register annually at the start of the school year.