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Malta:Organisation and Governance

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Overview Malta

Contents

Malta:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Malta:Historical Development

Malta:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Malta:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Malta:Political and Economic Situation

Malta:Organisation and Governance

Malta:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Malta:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Malta:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Malta:Organisation of Private Education

Malta:National Qualifications Framework

Malta:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Malta:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Malta:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Malta:Funding in Education

Malta:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Malta:Higher Education Funding

Malta:Adult Education and Training Funding

Malta:Early Childhood Education and Care

Malta:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Malta:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Malta:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Malta:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Malta:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Malta:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Malta:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Malta:Primary Education

Malta:Organisation of Primary Education

Malta:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Malta:Assessment in Primary Education

Malta:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Malta:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Malta:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Malta:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Malta:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Malta:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Malta:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Malta:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Malta:Higher Education

Malta:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Malta:First Cycle Programmes

Malta:Bachelor

Malta:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Malta:Second Cycle Programmes

Malta:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Malta:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Malta:Adult Education and Training

Malta:Distribution of Responsibilities

Malta:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Malta:Main Providers

Malta:Main Types of Provision

Malta:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Malta:Teachers and Education Staff

Malta:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Malta:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Malta:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Malta:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Management and Other Education Staff

Malta:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Malta:Management Staff for Higher Education

Malta:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Malta:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Quality Assurance

Malta:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Malta:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Educational Support and Guidance

Malta:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Malta:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Malta:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Malta:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Malta:Mobility and Internationalisation

Malta:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Mobility in Higher Education

Malta:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Malta:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Malta:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Malta:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Malta:National Reforms in School Education

Malta:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Malta:National Reforms in Higher Education

Malta:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Malta:European Perspective

Malta:Legislation

Malta:Glossary

The Constitution of the Republic of Malta and Chapter 327 of the Laws of Malta - the Education Act (1988) provide the constitutional and legal framework and the main aims for the Maltese educational system.

The Education Act:

  • Acknowledges the right of every citizen of the Republic of Malta to receive education and instruction without any distinction of age, sex, belief or economic means;
  • Regulates the central Government’s obligations to ensure the existence and accessibility of schools and other educational institutions;
  • Regulates parental duties and rights in relation to their children’s education including their right to choose their child’s school;
  • Provides the legal framework for the Government’s role in the provision, decision making and regulation of educational services, such as the establishing of a national minimum curriculum framework of studies for all schools (state and non-state), the minimum conditions for all schools and colleges to operate from and to secure compliance;
  • Regulates the teaching profession, the University of Malta, the Malta College for Arts, Science and Technology, and the National Commission for Further and Higher Education.

Educational reforms have been introduced over the years to ensure an improved holistic quality education that would help all Maltese children to succeed as active citizens and lifelong learners in a globalised world. These reforms stem from the fact that Malta’s economy, in a country with no natural mineral resources, must rely on a quality education to expand the country’s intellectual capital through the effective development of its human resources.

This Education Act has undergone a number of amendments over the years to bring about reforms in the national education system. In 2014 a consultation document on reforms to the Act was published, calling for a nationwide consultation in order to set the educational agenda for the next ten years.

A major reform that took place in 2006 was the separation of the regulatory and provider roles of the central education authority. Two directorates were established: the Directorate for Quality and Standards in Education (DQSE) and the Directorate for Educational Services (DES).

The DQSE is responsible for establishing and monitoring the standards and quality of the programmes and services provided in all schools, both state and non-state, throughout the compulsory education cycles. It is also responsible for the implementation of the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) by Maltese schools. The Department of Curriculum Management (DCM), the eLearning Department (eLD) and the Quality Assurance Department (QAD) fall under the DQSE’s remit.

The DES plans, manages and provides resources and services to schools in collaboration with the Colleges and the schools themselves. The DES is made up of two departments: the Student Services Department (SSD) and School Resources Management Department (SRMD). Other departments fall directly under the remit of the Permanent Secretary within the Ministry for Education and Employment. These are the Research and Policy Development Department (RPDD) and the Department for Lifelong Learning and Early School Leavers.

The 2006 reform also provided for a greater decentralisation process such that decisions previously taken at central level could now be taken at management levels closer to state schools providing for more autonomy. The amended Act also provided for the establishment of the Colleges network whereby all state pre-primary, primary and secondary schools were grouped into ten colleges depending on their locality. Each college became a corporate body having a legal and distinct personality, guided and administered by a College Principal thus supporting the new concept of decentralisation of the education system.

Source: Education Act