Malta:Organisation and Governance

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The Constitution of the Republic of Malta and Chapter 327 of the Laws of Malta - the Education Act - provide the constitutional and legal framework and the main aims for the Maltese educational system. The Education Act acknowledges the right of every citizen of the Republic of Malta to receive education and instruction without any distinction of age, sex, belief or economic means. It is also the right of the State to establish a national minimum curriculum of studies for all schools, to establish the national minimum conditions for all schools and to secure compliance with the national minimum curriculum of studies and the national minimum conditions for all schools. Reforms introduced over recent years sought to provide an improved holistic quality education that would help all Maltese children to succeed as active citizens in a globalised world. These reforms were based on the fact that Malta has no natural mineral resources and hence the development of the country’s intellectual capital through the effective development of its human resources is of paramount importance for the Maltese economy. The Education Act  was enacted in 1988 and has undergone a number of amendments over the years to reflect the reforms in national education, the latest being in 2011. A major reform has been the separation of the regulatory and provider role of the central education authority (the Education Division). Following the amendments to the Education Act in 2006, two directorates were established: the Directorate for Quality and Standards in Education (DQSE) and the Directorate for Educational Services (DES). The DQSE is responsible for establishing and monitoring the standards and the quality of the programmes and services provided in all schools, both state and non-state throughout the compulsory education cycles. The DQSE is also responsible for proposing the National Curriculum Framework (NCF). The Curriculum Management and eLearning Department (CMeLD) and the Quality Assurance Department (QAD) fall under its remit. The latter was established in 2008 substantiating the Ministry’s commitment to improving the quality of education provision. Its role and function were strengthened by a legislative framework encompassed in the amendments to the Education Act in 2006. The DES plans, manages and provides resources and services to schools in collaboration with the Colleges and the schools themselves. The DES is made up of three departments: the Student Services Department (SSD), the Human Resources Development Department (HRDD) and School Resources Management Department (SRMD). Another department, the Research and Development Department (RDD) falls under the responsibility of both the DQSE and the DES. The Act also provided for a decentralisation process by which decisions previously taken at central level could now be taken at management levels closer to schools so that each individual school could take decisions directly related to its needs. The amended Act also provided for the establishment of the Colleges network whereby all state pre-primary, primary and secondary schools were grouped into ten colleges depending on their locality. Each college is a corporate body having a legal and distinct personality, guided and administered by a College Principal thus supporting the new concept of decentralisation of the education system.

Source: Education Act

Malta structural organisation.JPG