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Malta:Early Childhood Education and Care

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Overview Malta

Contents

Malta:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Malta:Historical Development

Malta:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Malta:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Malta:Political and Economic Situation

Malta:Organisation and Governance

Malta:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Malta:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Malta:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Malta:Organisation of Private Education

Malta:National Qualifications Framework

Malta:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Malta:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Malta:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Malta:Funding in Education

Malta:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Malta:Higher Education Funding

Malta:Adult Education and Training Funding

Malta:Early Childhood Education and Care

Malta:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Malta:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Malta:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Malta:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Malta:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Malta:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Malta:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Malta:Primary Education

Malta:Organisation of Primary Education

Malta:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Malta:Assessment in Primary Education

Malta:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Malta:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Malta:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Malta:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Malta:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Malta:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Malta:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Malta:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Malta:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Malta:Higher Education

Malta:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Malta:First Cycle Programmes

Malta:Bachelor

Malta:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Malta:Second Cycle Programmes

Malta:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Malta:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Malta:Adult Education and Training

Malta:Distribution of Responsibilities

Malta:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Malta:Main Providers

Malta:Main Types of Provision

Malta:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Malta:Teachers and Education Staff

Malta:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Malta:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Malta:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Malta:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Management and Other Education Staff

Malta:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Malta:Management Staff for Higher Education

Malta:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Malta:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Quality Assurance

Malta:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Malta:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Educational Support and Guidance

Malta:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Malta:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Malta:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Malta:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Malta:Mobility and Internationalisation

Malta:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Mobility in Higher Education

Malta:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Malta:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Malta:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Malta:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Malta:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Malta:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Malta:National Reforms in School Education

Malta:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Malta:National Reforms in Higher Education

Malta:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Malta:European Perspective

Malta:Legislation

Malta:Glossary

In Malta, there are two separate stages of educational provision for children who are younger than the starting age of compulsory education. These services are provided at:

  • Childcare centres where attendance is for children from three months up to the age of 2 years 9 months;
  • Kindergarten centres for children aged 2 years 9 months to 4 years 9 months.

Government is committed in promoting a view of early childhood as an important phase of life in its own right and not just a preparation for adult life. Early childhood education and care is of central importance to Maltese society and a key responsibility for the government. Government ensures that safe and developmentally appropriate children’s services are available to promote the holistic development and well-being of children and their families.

Childcare provision blends the care and educational aspects in order to stimulate and enhance the children’s emotional, social and educational development. This service also aims to facilitate work and family balance and contribute towards the promotion of social cohesion. The importance being attached to this area is further evidenced by the fact that as from April 2014 the Government has introduced free childcare provision to all parents who are either in employment or education. This measure underscores government’s belief in ECEC contribution to child development and socio-economic integration.

The Ministry for Education and Employment has published a policy document titled Early Childhood Education and Care: the Way Forward listing recommendations that contribute to the provision of good quality care in the field. It covers aspects regarding:

  • The philosophical re-conceptualising of early years;
  • The provision of an integrated system;
  • Regulations on the registration and accreditation of early years settings;
  • Staff training and qualifications;
  • The provision of a quality service;
  • The accreditation of courses;
  • Curricular programmes and activities.

Further measures implemented in recent years to improve the provision of childcare include up-skilling courses that all Kindergarten Assistants have participated in during school years 2009/10 and 2010/11 and the launching of a Bachelor’s degree course in ECEC by the University of Malta while a grant was also launched by the government to improve childcare facilities.