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Welcome to Eurydice

Eurydice is a network whose task is to explain how education systems are organised in Europe and how they work.

We publish descriptions of national education systems, comparative studies devoted to specific topics, indicators and statistics in the field of education.

Our reports show how countries tackle challenges at all education levels: early childhood education and care, primary and secondary education, higher education and adult learning. More About us

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The work of the Eurydice network is co-funded under the Erasmus+ programme.


Read our reports, studies and articles on Education in Europe


Find out more about how education systems work in different countries


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Latest News

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Eurydice Newsletter 2016, Autumn edition

Date of publication: 22 September 2016

Welcome to the spring 2016 edition of the Eurydice Newsletter. The Newsletter provides you with updates on the most recent and forthcoming Eurydice publications, as well as news from the European education world. Education systems vary significantly across Europe, and Eurydice aims at understanding and explaining clearly how those systems work.



Focus on: Innovation at school

Don't limit a child to your own learning, for he was born in another time - Rabindranath Tagore

There is an often repeated saying that we have schools from the XIX century, teachers from the XX century and pupils from the XXI century. However, schools are not entirely stuck in the past, and innovation is arriving in different ways and at different speeds. Architecture, teaching methods and new technologies are all having an impact on the skills we develop in our children, and key elements of School 2.0 for the XXI century are already with us.



Malta: Education Act – Public Consultation 2016

Date of publication: 16 September 2016

Maltese Prime Minister, Joseph Muscat, and the Education Minister, Evarist Bartolo, launched a public consultation process on a new Education Act on 4 July 2016. The Education Regulatory Act proposes important changes to the education system, and is open for public consultation until October 17.


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The Organisation of the Academic Year in Europe – 2016/17

Publication date: 6 September 2016

The academic calendar contains national data on how the academic year is structured (beginning of the academic year, term times, holidays and examination periods). Differences between university and non-university study programmes are also highlighted. The information is available for 37 countries.


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The Organisation of School Time in Europe. Primary and General Secondary Education – 2016/17

Publication date: 6 September 2016

The school calendar contains national data on the length of the school year, the start and the end dates of each school year, the timing and length of school holidays and the number of school days. It covers both primary and general secondary education and key points are illustrated by comparative figures. The information is available for 37 countries.



Czech Republic: Inclusive education as a priority

One of the main priorities of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic is the common education of all pupils within mainstream education. Therefore, several legislative changes have been made to promote inclusive education, including the adoption of the Education Act Amendment.



Focus on: The long and winding road back to school!

Publication date: 26 July 2016

'In the summer, the days were long, stretching into each other. Out of school, everything was on pause and yet happening at the same time, this collection of weeks when anything was possible.' - Sarah Dessen in Along for the Ride

Everyone has childhood memories attached to the summer.  It is the period of the year with the greatest sense of freedom. The kind of freedom that may push you to the most exciting adventures or leave you to survive the most boring, suffocating, hot days. This Focus on article reflects on the different educational effect that summer holidays can have on children, seeing an opportunity for schools and society to do things differently to the rest of the school year.



Focus on: Does good evidence make good education policy?

Publication date: 23 June 2016

'Everything that can be counted does not necessarily count; everything that counts cannot necessarily be counted' – Albert Einstein 

In recent decades there has been a strong move towards evidence-based policy making in the public sector. Few education policy-makers today would dare to introduce a reform that is not backed up by data and research evidence. But what is the nature of evidence being used, and can we rely on it to make better policy?  



Recommended Annual Instruction Time in Full-time Compulsory Education in Europe 2015/16

Date of publication: 9 June 2016

Reading, writing and literature, mathematics, natural sciences and foreign languages are recognised as core subjects in all European countries. But how much time do students spend on those subjects at school, and how much does this instruction time vary across countries? 

This report provides information about the recommended minimum instruction time across core subjects in full-time general compulsory education in 37 European countries participating in the Eurydice network. The reference year is 2015/16.

The publication offers a comparative overview of the differences between primary and compulsory general secondary education, and identifies the main changes since 2010/11. It also includes national diagrams and maps illustrating the data on minimum instruction time by country and by subject. 


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The Ministry of education announces the National teacher prize

Date of publication: 19 May 2016

On the same day of the award of the 'Global Teacher Prize', the Ministry of Education has announced the launch of a national teacher prize. The Ministry has underlined the importance of teachers' mission in building up a better society and the opportunity offered by international and national prizes to spotlight teachers' role.



Eurydice Newsletter spring 2016

Date of publication: 12 May 2016

Welcome to the spring 2016 edition of the Eurydice Newsletter. The Newsletter provides you with updates on the most recent and forthcoming Eurydice publications, as well as news from the European education world. Education systems vary significantly across Europe, and Eurydice aims at understanding and explaining clearly how those systems work.



Focus on: Educating at home: what can we learn

Date of publication: 29 April 2016

'...we have come to realise that for most men (sic) the right to learn is curtailed by the obligation to attend school' – Ivan Illich.

If you are a young European adult, you have probably spent a great amount of your time in a school, and if you are a European toddler, you will most probably spend even more time in school. According to the European Commission, almost all children from the age of 4 are now involved in some form of early childhood education and care, very close to the ET 2020 target of 95 %. At the other end of the school spectrum, Eurydice reports that many European countries have extended the number of years of compulsory education since the 1980s.


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Focus on: Europe's refugee tipping point: Can higher education respond 

Date of publication: 8 April 2016

Leaders and citizens realise that, without the European Union and its unity, we could not face the problems of terrorism, migrants, and refugees.Federica Mogherini, Vice-President of the European Commission.

In recent months, news related to the refugee crisis has painted a doom and gloom picture of European reality: chaos and tragedy at the borders and growing tensions inside EU countries between locals and alienated refugees. Yet, while news on this topic tends to be negative, there are many positive – but less reported – initiatives taking place. Higher education is one sector that does not often make headlines in this context but has considerable potential to transform current reality. So could our higher education systems be doing more?


Promoting citizenship and the common values of freedom, tolerance and non-discrimination through education

Promoting citizenship and the common values of freedom, tolerance and non-discrimination through education – Overview of education policy developments in Europe following the Paris Declaration of 17 March 2015

Date of publication: 17 March 2016

This leaflet provides a short overview of recent education policy developments in European countries related to the objectives of the Paris Declaration. It also analyses the aspects of education systems covered by these policies as well as the levels of education concerned. 

It covers the 28 EU Member States, which are signatories to the Declaration, as well as other members of the Eurydice Network.  

The Paris Declaration was adopted in March 2015 to promote citizenship and the common values of freedom, tolerance and non-discrimination through education.


Education at School in Europe

Entrepreneurship Education at School in Europe

Date of publication: 22 February 2016

This report provides the most recent information on strategies, curricula and learning outcomes, and also covers themes such as funding schemes and teacher education. 

The analysis focuses on primary education, lower and general upper secondary education as well as school-based initial vocational education and training. Information covers 33 countries participating in the Eurydice network. In addition, national information sheets provide an overview of entrepreneurship education in each country. The reference year is 2014/15.



Focus on: Is money the solution to widening participation in higher education?

Date of publication: 15 February 2016

What students pay to study, and the financial support they receive, has been highlighted by Eurydice as a key aspect of the social dimension of higher education. Whatever the economic and political reality in a country, issues about fees are often highly charged. Altering the balance of fees and financial support is one of the key levers that governments are able to pull in an age when higher education institutions enjoy substantial autonomy. But in which direction should the levers be pulled to help the disadvantaged?



2015 - Eurydice publications

Date of publication: 12 February 2016

Last year, Eurydice published a number of reports on various educational topics ranging from early childhood education and care to higher education. 
An overview of our 2015 publications is now available. With just one click, you can easily get access to all our reports!