Lithuania:Overview

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Overview Lithuania

Contents

Lithuania:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Lithuania:Historical Development

Lithuania:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Lithuania:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Lithuania:Political and Economic Situation

Lithuania:Organisation and Governance

Lithuania:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Lithuania:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Lithuania:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Lithuania:Organisation of Private Education

Lithuania:National Qualifications Framework

Lithuania:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Lithuania:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Lithuania:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Lithuania:Funding in Education

Lithuania:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Lithuania:Higher Education Funding

Lithuania:Adult Education and Training Funding

Lithuania:Early Childhood Education and Care

Lithuania:Organisation of Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in the Pre-Primary Class

Lithuania:Assessment in the Pre-Primary Class

Lithuania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Lithuania:Primary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of Primary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in Primary Education

Lithuania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Lithuania:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Lithuania:Higher Education

Lithuania:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Lithuania:First Cycle Programmes

Lithuania:Bachelor

Lithuania:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Lithuania:Second Cycle Programmes

Lithuania:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Lithuania:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Lithuania:Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Distribution of Responsibilities

Lithuania:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Lithuania:Main Providers

Lithuania:Main Types of Provision

Lithuania:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Lithuania:Teachers and Education Staff

Lithuania:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Lithuania:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Lithuania:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Lithuania:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Management and Other Education Staff

Lithuania:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Lithuania:Management Staff for Higher Education

Lithuania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Lithuania:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Quality Assurance

Lithuania:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Lithuania:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Educational Support and Guidance

Lithuania:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Lithuania:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Lithuania:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Lithuania:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Lithuania:Mobility and Internationalisation

Lithuania:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Mobility in Higher Education

Lithuania:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Lithuania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Lithuania:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Lithuania:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Lithuania:National Reforms in School Education

Lithuania:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Lithuania:National Reforms in Higher Education

Lithuania:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Lithuania:European Perspective

Lithuania:Legislation

Lithuania:Institutions

Lithuania:Bibliography

Lithuania:Glossary

Key features of the Lithuanian education system

  • Education is a priority of the state and it is publicly funded at all levels.
  • Education is free for the learner at all stages, with one exception – higher education at which around half of the students enrolled need to finance their own studies.
  • At most stages of education, the funding is based on „money follows the learner “principle allowing learners to choose between different public education providers.
  • The education system is reasonably decentralised, national institutions, municipalities and education institutions share the responsibility for quality of education provided. The core curriculum is set at a national level but leaves room for local variation.
  • The network of education institutions is large are both school and higher education levels in comparison with other states, considering the population of the country.
  • The private sector of education providers is recognized and regulated by the government, in most levels of educations the learner that chooses a private institution bring in state funding in form of „vouchers “to the institution but the difference between the size of the voucher and the cost set by the private institution must be covered by the learner.
  • Education institution inspections are organised at all levels of education and are organised by governmental institutions with the purpose of assuring quality.
  • Pre-primary, primary and basic education is compulsory. Children usually attend the compulsory education stages from age 6 to 16.
  • Learners are granted some freedom to choose study subjects at two final years of the basic education and it is expanded greatly at the levels of upper education and tertiary education.


Stages of the education system

The system of education in Lithuania includes the following stages:

  • Early childhood education and care. In Lithuania, early childhood education and care is composed of pre-school (ikimokyklinis ugdymas) and pre-primary (priešmokyklinis ugdymas) education and is attributed to the type of non-formal education. Early childhood education and care is provided for children. Pre-school education institutions fall under the authority of local governments. Attendance is compulsory for pre-primary education and optional for pre-school education. 
  • Primary and basic education. Children start compulsory education at the calendar year when they turn 7 years of age and start attend primary schools.  Primary education is 4 years long and provides the learner with the fundamentals of learning, literature, social and cultural skills. It is delivered by primary schools (pradinė mokykla). Basic education is 6 years long and is also compulsory by law, it is delivered by pro-gymnasiums (progimnazija), basic education schools (pagrindinė mokykla), secondary schools (vidurinė mokykla), gymnasiums (gimnazija) and vocational schools (profesinė mokykla). Education is compulsory until 16 years of age at which the learner has usually finished the basic education course.
  • Upper-secondary and post-secondary level. The two-year secondary curriculum is implemented by gymnasiums, secondary, vocational and other (e.g. The International Baccalaureate) schools for persons aged from 17 years to 19 years.
  • Higher education. Higher education comprises two types of institutions: universities (universitetas) and colleges (kolegija).  The upper-secondary leaving certificate is required by all higher education establishments. Person might enter higher education after upper-secondary general education, upper-secondary vocational education or post-secondary vocational education. The degree structure follows the three-cycle structure: bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral level studies. First cycle studies (Bachelor) usually last 4 academic years, second cycle studies (Master) – 2 years and third cycle studies (Doctoral) – 4 years.

For further information, please consult the introduction articles of Organisation and Governance and of each educational level: Early Childhood Education, Primary Education, Secondary and Post-Secondary Non Tertiary Education,Higher Education and Adult Education and Training.

Structure of the national education system

2016 diagram LT.pngsource: Eurydice 2016

For a brief description of other main topics regarding the national education system, please read the introduction article of Funding education, Teachers and Education Staff, Management and other educational staff, Educational support and guidance, Quality assurance, Mobility and Internationalisation.

For information on recently adopted or planned reforms and policy measures, please consult topic Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments.

While Eurypedia provides comprehensive and comparable information, further information may also be found on the website of Ministry of Education and Science.


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