Lithuania:Early Childhood Education and Care

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Lithuania

Contents

Lithuania:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Lithuania:Historical Development

Lithuania:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Lithuania:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Lithuania:Political and Economic Situation

Lithuania:Organisation and Governance

Lithuania:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Lithuania:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Lithuania:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Lithuania:Organisation of Private Education

Lithuania:National Qualifications Framework

Lithuania:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Lithuania:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Lithuania:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Lithuania:Funding in Education

Lithuania:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Lithuania:Higher Education Funding

Lithuania:Adult Education and Training Funding

Lithuania:Early Childhood Education and Care

Lithuania:Organisation of Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in Programmes for Pre-Primary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of the Pre-Primary Class

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in the Pre-Primary Class

Lithuania:Assessment in the Pre-Primary Class

Lithuania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Lithuania:Primary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of Primary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in Primary Education

Lithuania:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Lithuania:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in Vocational Lower Secondary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Lithuania:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Lithuania:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Lithuania:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Lithuania:Higher Education

Lithuania:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Lithuania:First Cycle Programmes

Lithuania:Bachelor

Lithuania:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Lithuania:Second Cycle Programmes

Lithuania:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Lithuania:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Lithuania:Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Distribution of Responsibilities

Lithuania:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Lithuania:Main Providers

Lithuania:Main Types of Provision

Lithuania:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Lithuania:Teachers and Education Staff

Lithuania:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Lithuania:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Lithuania:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Lithuania:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Management and Other Education Staff

Lithuania:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Lithuania:Management Staff for Higher Education

Lithuania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Lithuania:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Quality Assurance

Lithuania:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Lithuania:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Educational Support and Guidance

Lithuania:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Lithuania:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Lithuania:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Lithuania:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Lithuania:Mobility and Internationalisation

Lithuania:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Mobility in Higher Education

Lithuania:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Lithuania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Lithuania:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Lithuania:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Lithuania:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Lithuania:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Lithuania:National Reforms in School Education

Lithuania:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Lithuania:National Reforms in Higher Education

Lithuania:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Lithuania:European Perspective

Lithuania:Legislation

Lithuania:Institutions

Lithuania:Bibliography

Lithuania:Glossary

In Lithuania, early childhood education and care (ECEC) from the birth of the child until the year when a child reaches the age of 7 (except in cases set by the Minister for Education and Science or at the request of parents to start primary education earlier – from age 6) is composed of preschool and pre-primary education and is considered non-formal education. Preschool and pre-primary education are not compulsory, (at the moment the Amendment to The Law on Education states, that pre-primary education should become compulsory starting from 2016) except in cases specified by the Minister for Education and Science and the Minister for Social Security and Labour. 

The Law on Education states that the purpose of preschool education is to help children satisfy their inherent, cultural, including ethnic, social and cognitive needs. 

Preschool education is provided in the family and, at the request of parents (foster parents or guardians), according to the preschool education curriculum. The Minister for Education and Science approves the criteria for the preschool education programme. An educational institution providing preschool education prepares and implements its preschool education programme according to the approved criteria. Preschool education curriculum is provided by nurseries, kindergartens, school-kindergartens and freelance teachers. Preschool education groups can be set up in schools and other institutions.

The purpose of pre-primary education is to help children prepare for successful schooling in accordance with the primary education curriculum. 
Pre-primary education is carried out according to the one-year general pre-primary education curriculum approved by the Minister for Education and Science. Pre-primary education is offered in nurseries, kindergartens, school-kindergartens and pre-primary classes in ECEC settings, general education schools or is provided by licensed freelance teachers or other education providers in accordance with the order established by the Minister for Education and Science. 

Pre-primary education  starts in the calendar year when a child turns 6. In line with the Outline of the Procedure for Assessing the Child's Maturity to Follow the Pre-Primary and Primary Education Curriculum, pre-primary education may start earlier at the request of the child’s parents (foster parents or guardians), but not before the child has reached the age of 5. 

The Law on Education and in line with the procedure established by the Minister for Education and Science, the Minister for Social Security and Labour and the Minister for Health, states that preschool and pre-primary age children and their families are entitled to comprehensive educational assistance, social support and health services. 

The national education policy is aimed at ensuring the welfare of  all children living in Lithuania, including the creation of conditions for every child to live a happy life, be protected against all forms of violence and exploitation, be properly cared for and be able to participate in public life. The focus is on ensuring access to, continuity and social equity of education and expanding the provision of preschool education, especially for disadvantaged and at-risk children through creation of an information and counselling system for parents, provision of equal start opportunities for their children’s compulsory schooling and development of a universal pre-primary education system through providing purposeful educational and cultural assistance to all social risk families with children. 

The above-mentioned objectives and tasks are regulated by the following legal acts: the National Education Strategy 2013–2022 (2013), Law on Education (2011), Order of the Minister for Education and Science ‘Concerning Approval of the Pre-primary Education Curriculum’ (2014, came into force 1 September 2015), Lithuanian Government Resolution ‘Concerning Approval of the Model for Improvement of Living and Educational Conditions for Children from Birth to the Start of their Compulsory Schooling’ (2009) etc.