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Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

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Overview Liechtenstein

Contents

Liechtenstein:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Liechtenstein:Historical Development

Liechtenstein:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Liechtenstein:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Liechtenstein:Political and Economic Situation

Liechtenstein:Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Liechtenstein:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Liechtenstein:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Private Education

Liechtenstein:National Qualifications Framework

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Liechtenstein:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Funding in Education

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Higher Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training Funding

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Liechtenstein:First Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Bachelor

Liechtenstein:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Second Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Liechtenstein:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Distribution of Responsibilities

Liechtenstein:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Liechtenstein:Main Providers

Liechtenstein:Main Types of Provision

Liechtenstein:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Liechtenstein:Teachers and Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Management and Other Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Educational Support and Guidance

Liechtenstein:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Liechtenstein:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Liechtenstein:Mobility and Internationalisation

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Liechtenstein:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in School Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Liechtenstein:European Perspective

Liechtenstein:Legislation

Liechtenstein:Institutions

Liechtenstein:Bibliography

Liechtenstein:Glossary


Curriculum, Subjects and Number of Hours

Curricula

The National Curricula for the kindergarten, primary and secondary schools set out the general educational goals, the learning goals and contents at the separate levels and for the different departments and subject areas, as well as the total number of lessons for the separate levels and the number of lessons in the individual departments and subjects.

The National Curricula serves teaching that is oriented towards specific learning outcomes and to an outcome-based assessment of the children. For the teaching staff it is the mandatory foundation for shaping their lessons; for the supervisory authorities it is an important instrument for checking the quality of the teaching. It also helps parents orient themselves in relation to their children’s education. (cf. Ordinance on the National Curricula for the Kindergarten, Primary and Secondary Schools; also Art. 8 of the School Law and National Curricula for the Kindergarten, Primary and Secondary Schools).

The National Curricula is devised by a group of experts (including teachers from various grades, inspectors, specialists, the parents’ association, representatives of the teachers’ associations, the Paedagogical Office of the Education Department). It defines the general parameters for teaching in the individual subject areas and sets out the guidelines and operational goals. The detailed goals have to be set out by the teacher in an annual plan.

Subject Areas

At the primary level there are the following four subject areas, each of which is subdivided into subdomains:

  1. Man and Environment (subdomains: religion, natural sciences (the subdomain of natural sciences conveys knowledge about the relationship of the individual to society and the people around her/him))
  2.  Languages (subdomains: German, German as a second language, English)
  3. Mathematics
  4. Art, music and sport: (subdomains: craft and handwork, using textiles, drawing, music, sport)

In addition to the named subject areas, learning support and remedial courses/assisted learning, and also voluntary courses (e.g. voluntary school sports) supplement what the school has to offer.

Number of Hours

The number of hours per subject, week and level are regulated in the Ordinance on the National Curricula for the Kindergarten, Primary and Secondary Schools (Appendix). The National Curricula defines the relevant learning targets.

Teaching Methods and teaching Materials

The teachers are free to choose their own teaching method, or the one best suited to achieving the particular goals, content and themes. The syllabus does not prescribe methods, but does contain some recommendations in places.

In their choice of teaching material the teachers and schools rely on a list of approved teaching materials prepared by the Education Office. Because some Liechtenstein children will later transfer to Swiss schools, the Education Office orients itself heavily to Swiss models in its choice of teaching materials. Most of the textbooks are procured from Swiss school textbook publishers. Materials which relate to local information (history, civics etc.) are developed regionally.
Based on the syllabus, the public schools can acquire and use supplementary material within their budget. Beyond this, teachers have a free choice as to which teaching materials they use (School Law, Art. 12).

The teaching materials are ordered through the Centre for School Media, which also runs the Didactic Media Centre - the Paedagogical Documentation and Media Centre of the Principality of Liechtenstein. The Centre supplies the Liechtenstein schools, kindergartens and other educational institutions with selected audiovisual and interactive educational media, lesson modules and practical literature as well as devices for media use. It also offers useful advice.