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Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

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Overview Liechtenstein

Contents

Liechtenstein:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Liechtenstein:Historical Development

Liechtenstein:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Liechtenstein:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Liechtenstein:Political and Economic Situation

Liechtenstein:Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Liechtenstein:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Liechtenstein:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Private Education

Liechtenstein:National Qualifications Framework

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Liechtenstein:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Funding in Education

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Higher Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training Funding

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Liechtenstein:First Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Bachelor

Liechtenstein:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Second Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Liechtenstein:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Distribution of Responsibilities

Liechtenstein:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Liechtenstein:Main Providers

Liechtenstein:Main Types of Provision

Liechtenstein:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Liechtenstein:Teachers and Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Management and Other Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Educational Support and Guidance

Liechtenstein:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Liechtenstein:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Liechtenstein:Mobility and Internationalisation

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Liechtenstein:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in School Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Liechtenstein:European Perspective

Liechtenstein:Legislation

Liechtenstein:Institutions

Liechtenstein:Bibliography

Liechtenstein:Glossary


Curricula, Subjects, Number of Hours

The curriculum of the Principality of Liechtenstein describes the learning goals for each grade in the Kindergarten, primary and lower secondary level. The different types of school at lower secondary, including the private schools, must follow the same curriculum.

Curriculum Development (CF. Chapter on the Primary School)

Subjects

The curriculum prescribes the following four subject areas, each of which is divided into sub-domains:

  1. Humand being and environment (sub-domains: natural sciences (physics/chemistry/biology), history, civics, geography and religion)
  2. Languages (sub-domains: German, English, French,  German as a Second Language)
  3. Mathematics
  4. Art, music and sport (sub-domains: technical and textile crafts, art, music, sport)

The timetable varies between the different types of school at the lower secondary level (with the same number of lessons per week for the 1st and 2nd years).

Beyond the subject areas, extra and remedial classes and/or assisted learning opportunities, as well as voluntary courses (e.g. voluntary school sports) supplement the educational provision of the schools. There is a limited option to choose subjects - except to a certain extent in the final year of lower secondary level (individualised preparation).

Oberschule

The Oberschule has the following compulsory subjects: German, mathematics, IT, natural siences, history, civics, geography, English, home economics, technical and textile crafts, religion, music, art, life skills and sport. In addition optional subjects are available such as technical drawing, Italian, Spanish, French.

Realschule

The Realschule has the following compulsory subjects: German, English, French, mathematics, IT, life skills, natural siences, history, civics, geography, art, music, technical and textile crafts, home economics, religion and sport. As optional and voluntary subjects are also offered Latin, Italian, Spanish, technical drawing.

Gymnasium

The compulsory subjects at the lower level of the Gymnasium include: German, mathematics, IT, natural science, English, French, Latin, technical and textile crafts, religion, music, art, life skills and sport. Optional subjects are also offered within the various subject areas. Reference: Directive, Appendix 14.

Optional 10th School Year

The content and structure of this curriculum are seen as a continuation of the curriculum for the compulsory schooling (Chapters 3.3 and 4.A.3). The guiding ideas are based on the three competence domains of: self-empowerment, learning skills and social skills.

The 10th school year contains four different options;:

  • Pro Lingua (languages plus preparation for social and medical careers, preparation for the vocational baccalaureate school)
  • Cyberclass (IT and art and design)
  • Zukunftsbrücke (literally “Bridge to the Future”) (educational and social learning plus work experience)
  • Werkklasse (literally “Work Class”) (educational and social learning plus work experience in blocks of a whole week at a time)

In the four different options, targeted personal development, individual career preparation and subject knowledge have different weightings.

Teaching Methods and Teaching Materials

Teachers are free to choose their own teaching method; respectively they are to use the method best suited to achieving the respective aims, content and themes. The curriculum only contains recommendations.

In terms of the choice of teaching material, the teachers and schools make use of a prepared list of approved teaching materials given out by the Office of Education. In addition, teachers have freedom of choice as to the teaching materials they wish to use. Based on the set curriculum, the public schools can use additional teaching materials within their budgets. Each school receives a lump sum per pupil to be used for the teaching material.

Most of teaching material is purchased abroad. Only teaching materials on themes which relate specifically to Liechtenstein (e.g. history, civics etc.) are developed in Liechtenstein.

The teaching materials are ordered through the Centre for School Media (state educational puplisher and Pedagogical Documentation and Media Centre). In addition to providing audio-visual and interactive educational media, teaching modules and useful educational literature, as well as audio-visual and other equipment, the Media Centre also offers relevant advice and in-service trainings to teachers.