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Liechtenstein:Teachers and Education Staff

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Overview Liechtenstein

Contents

Liechtenstein:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Liechtenstein:Historical Development

Liechtenstein:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Liechtenstein:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Liechtenstein:Political and Economic Situation

Liechtenstein:Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Liechtenstein:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Liechtenstein:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Private Education

Liechtenstein:National Qualifications Framework

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Liechtenstein:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Funding in Education

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Higher Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training Funding

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Liechtenstein:First Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Bachelor

Liechtenstein:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Second Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Liechtenstein:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Distribution of Responsibilities

Liechtenstein:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Liechtenstein:Main Providers

Liechtenstein:Main Types of Provision

Liechtenstein:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Liechtenstein:Teachers and Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Management and Other Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Educational Support and Guidance

Liechtenstein:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Liechtenstein:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Liechtenstein:Mobility and Internationalisation

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Liechtenstein:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in School Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Liechtenstein:European Perspective

Liechtenstein:Legislation

Liechtenstein:Institutions

Liechtenstein:Bibliography

Liechtenstein:Glossary

This chapter is focusing on the initial training, on the conditions of service and on continuing professional development for teachers in school education (including Kindergarten), in vocational education and training, in tertiary education as well as for teachers in general and in professional continuing education.

Employment conditions for the staff of child care facilities (child day-care facilities, playgroups etc.) are regulated in the ordinance on the non home-based supervision and care of children and young people (Child Supervision Ordinance). Staff working in the field of childcare are obliged to hold a state-recognised degree; depending on the focus of the institution this may particularly be training on secondary or tertiary level in the fields of childcare, education of children, pedagogy or psychology. For further information please see chapter 10 on management and other education staff.

The teaching profession and the respective requirement specifications for the various school levels are detailed in the relevant laws and ordinances. There are no teacher training institution on Liechtenstein territory. Teacher training education is mainly offered at Swiss universities of teacher education or – partly – in Austria, too. As the need for teachers cannot be covered nationally there is a relatively high proportion of foreign teachers in Liechtenstein with an education background mainly from Switzerland, Austria or Germany.

The Teachers' Service Conditions Ordinance requires an education that meets the standards set by the Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education (EDK) or the Austrian education requirements for the position as a teacher in Liechtenstein. Teacher training courses are job-oriented and qualify for a teaching diploma, they include an academic degree according to the corresponding school level (bachelor's or master's degree):

  • Kindergarten teacher and/or primary school teacher (at least BA)
  • teacher at lower secondary school (at least MA)
  • teacher at upper secondary level baccalaureate schools (at least MA in one or more fields of specialised studies plus one-year – full time – or several years – part-time – of education leading to a teaching degree worth 60 ECTS)
  • Training courses in the field of special needs education: specialising in remedial education in early childhood and remedial education at school (further studies at Master level)
  • Training courses in speech therapy and psychomotor therapy (at least BA)
  • education in German as a Foreign Language (DaZ); (as a rule CAS programme at a university of teacher education)

In the case of significant differences between Austrian and Swiss programmes of education as e.g. in the education for Kindergarten teacher it is for the government to set the relevant education requirements.

The terms of the laws on the recognition of qualifications in higher education and in vocational education determine the acceptance with regard to other foreign qualifications.
 
The educational programmes for teachers in the field of vocational and professional education and training are split into two branches: for teachers of professional theory and for teachers in vocational training. Teachers at vocational upper secondary schools as well as teachers at PET colleges at tertiary level (college of professional education and training) are trained abroad, especially in Switzerland. Switzerland provides teacher training for vocational upper secondary schools as well as teacher training at PET colleges at tertiary level at Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (SFIVET) and at other higher education institutions (e.g. universities of teacher education). For further details please see the relevant Swiss homepage.

The training for the coaching of apprentices (vocational training) is done in Liechtenstein and is detailed in the Law on Vocational Education and Training (training for responsibilities in the field of vocational education and training). Prerequisites for such training are a completed apprenticeship, minimal professional experience of two years in the subject area and pedagogical vocational qualifications. Training in this field is coordinated by the Office for Vocational Training and the Chamber of Commerce of Liechtenstein.

Teaching at higher education level is regulated in the Law on Higher Education. There is a distinction in the staff between professors and other teaching staff.

The legal preconditions are inconsistent with regard to the training of teachers in the field of continuing adult education and training because of the diverse programmes and institutions in the field of further education. These conditions are set by the particular institution.

The same legal framework regarding the state schools is in effect considering the private schools and institutions that are state-recognised.

Legislative References