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Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Liechtenstein

Contents

Liechtenstein:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Liechtenstein:Historical Development

Liechtenstein:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Liechtenstein:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Liechtenstein:Political and Economic Situation

Liechtenstein:Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Liechtenstein:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Liechtenstein:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Private Education

Liechtenstein:National Qualifications Framework

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Liechtenstein:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Funding in Education

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Higher Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training Funding

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Liechtenstein:First Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Bachelor

Liechtenstein:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Second Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Liechtenstein:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Distribution of Responsibilities

Liechtenstein:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Liechtenstein:Main Providers

Liechtenstein:Main Types of Provision

Liechtenstein:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Liechtenstein:Teachers and Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Management and Other Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Educational Support and Guidance

Liechtenstein:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Liechtenstein:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Liechtenstein:Mobility and Internationalisation

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Liechtenstein:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in School Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Liechtenstein:European Perspective

Liechtenstein:Legislation

Liechtenstein:Institutions

Liechtenstein:Bibliography

Liechtenstein:Glossary

Definition of the Target Group

Supportive measures for pupils in the elementary and regular school sector are aimed at children and young people from immigrant families, from families which are disadvantaged socio-economically, and also at children and young people who have missed schooling for an extended period, for example due to ill health.

In addition, there are general supportive measures (promotion of individual talents and interests) and specific supportive measures (for exceptionally gifted persons) for both children and young persons.

Specific Support Measures

The following supportive measures are offered for the target group referred to above (cf. Concept of Support measures in the Liechtenstein Education System, p. 6)

German as a Second Language (DaZ)

German as a second language refers to special lessons for children whose mother-tongue is not German. DaZ lessons are based on the DaZ curriculum which is part of the 2005 General Curriculum for the Principality of Liechtenstein. There are two kinds of support:

Intensive Course

The intensive course is aimed at migrant children and young persons of eight years and older whose level of German is not yet of a sufficient standard for them to attend regular school classes. The emphasis is on learning German, but attention is also given to their general educational potential. The aim of the intensive course is to integrate pupils into normal lessons. The course lasts a maximum of one year.

Supplementary Lessons

The aim of the supplementary lessons for children and young people whose mother tongue is not German is to improve their knowledge of the German language so that they are able to follow the lessons without significant difficulties.

Special Support

Special support is a special educational measure for children and young persons who, because of special circumstances such as extended illness, unfavourable family background, a change of school etc., have fallen behind with their education.

Support and remedial Courses, assisted Learning and Help with Homework

Support and remedial courses, and also assisted learning are offered in the secondary schools and in the Optional10th School Year. Assisted learning and help with homework are offered in the primary schools.

Day Schools

As of the beginning of the 2013/2014 school year, the day schools in Vaduz and Schaan have been included in the regular system on a trial basis. The day schools operate a system of mixed-age learning groups.

The 4/3 Model with mixed-age learning Groups

Developments in the kindergarten-primary education sector led the Schaanwald and Schellenberg school sites to introduce the 4/3 model with mixed-age learning groups from the 2012/2013 school year. This involves treating the two kindergarten years and the first two primary school years as one unit (4) and the subsequent middle stage of classes 3 to 5 as a second unit (3). As this model provides for remedial teaching to be offered at all levels, it dispenses with the pre-school (infant school) as a special introductory grade. There is a team teaching approach.

Special Support for talented Children

In the sense of supporting and promoting individual talents of all students, support for talented children is part of the basic task of the school and a component of such support at all school grades. Special support frequently occurs in the context of project-style lessons and partly also as project days or weeks.

Support for exceptionally gifted Children (Kindergarten and Primary Education)

It may be appropriate for individual children who are exceptionally gifted or who have a particular talent to be supported in their education by a teacher with special expertise in remedial education. The primary schools have developed local plans for supporting exceptionally gifted children. Such support is now also offered at the kindergarten level. This adds a new element to the operational plans of the municipal schools. Practically all the municipal schools have set up so-called resource rooms equipped with a range of materials available for the support of specially gifted children.

Time-Out School

The Liechtenstein ‘Time-Out School’ is a social-educational measure for pupils who, because of their behaviour (excessive disruption of lessons, personal emergency situation etc.), have to be taken out of regular schooling for a certain period of time. It has established itself as a resource for helping and taking the burden off secondary schools in difficult educational situations. Pupils are normally allocated to the school as a result of an agreement between the school and parents. Including the parents in the family-related work of the Time-Out School makes them responsible for playing their part in the child’s education. The aim is to successfully reintegrate children into their old classes or work out alternative solutions for getting pupils back into mainstream education.