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Liechtenstein:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

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Overview Liechtenstein

Contents

Liechtenstein:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Liechtenstein:Historical Development

Liechtenstein:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Liechtenstein:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Liechtenstein:Political and Economic Situation

Liechtenstein:Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Liechtenstein:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Liechtenstein:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Private Education

Liechtenstein:National Qualifications Framework

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Liechtenstein:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Funding in Education

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Higher Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training Funding

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Liechtenstein:First Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Bachelor

Liechtenstein:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Second Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Liechtenstein:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Distribution of Responsibilities

Liechtenstein:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Liechtenstein:Main Providers

Liechtenstein:Main Types of Provision

Liechtenstein:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Liechtenstein:Teachers and Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Management and Other Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Educational Support and Guidance

Liechtenstein:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Liechtenstein:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Liechtenstein:Mobility and Internationalisation

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Liechtenstein:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in School Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Liechtenstein:European Perspective

Liechtenstein:Legislation

Liechtenstein:Institutions

Liechtenstein:Bibliography

Liechtenstein:Glossary

The overall allocation of special educational measures is implemented at the individual school sites. Emphasis is placed on early and high quality support for children. The allocation also covers support for gifted pupils and for children with German as a second language.

Definition of the Target Group

Art. 15 of the School Law and the Ordinance on Special Educational Measures specify that children whose performance at school is weak or who exhibit behavioural problems should be supported by special educational measures so that they can remain in the classes to which they belong or can be integrated into a regular class. Special educational measures can also be implemented to support children who have a different mother tongue. All children and young persons (from birth to age 20 - in certain circumstances up to age 22 ) living in Liechtenstein with special educational needs have a right to special educational measures.

For most children and young persons with special educational needs the appropriate measures are implemented in the context of early curative education (family-based) or in normal schools during the period of compulsory schooling. If these measures prove to be inadequate, or no longer sufficient, the competent school authority may authorise enhanced measures - after completion of a standardised assessment process (SAV) aimed at determining the precise individual needs. This process includes a detailed overall analysis, brings together and if necessary supplements all the existing diagnoses and ensures the neutrality and objectivity of the providers responsible for the implementation of the measures.

Specific Support Measures

The education system in Liechtenstein provides the following support measures (Remedial Measures in the Liechtenstein Education System: Concept, p. 6): Special education in standard school (SiR) as well as the following remedial measures:

Speech Therapy

In speech therapy, dysfunctions in oral and written language, in speaking, communication, fluency and the voice, in swallowing and dyslexia are diagnosed and the appropriate therapeutic measures are planned, implemented and evaluated (cf. EDK 2007, p. 3). Not fostered is the learning of standard German within this context. In order to channel resources, the teaching of reading and writing should be carried out exclusively by teachers and remedial teachers. The aim is to offer speech therapy as close as possible to the schools and kindergartens in a municipality. At the same time, the provision of language support should be expanded .

Early Curative Education

In early curative education, children with disabilities, or those who have delayed, impaired or endangered development are treated from birth to a maximum of two years after entry into formal schooling by means of evaluation, preventive and learning support, as well as appropriate support in the context of the family. Work with these children is based on the insights of curative education as well as on proven current theories and approaches to treatment and therapy.

Psychomotricity

Psychomotricity relates to the interaction of visual and sense perception, thinking, movement and behaviour and in the way this is expressed through the body. Abnormalities, disturbances and defects in psychomotor development and expression are diagnosed and therapeutic and remedial measures are planned, implemented and evaluated. Psychomotor therapies are in part provided directly by the schools and can also be carried out in group settings.

Measures for Sensory Impairment

Therapeutic measures in respect of auditory and visual impairments are acquired separately at specialist centres. Treatment is on an individual basis. Here, too, the aim is to integrate the required measures in the normal lessons as much as possible.

Special enrolment Measures for formal Schooling

Special enrolment is a particular educational measure which is offered in two forms: as induction classes and as pre-school classes. Special induction allows children with forms of developmental delay to be supported as much as possible on an individual basis using a targeted therapeutic diagnostic approach and thereby preparing the children for the demands of the first or second grade of primary school. Allocation is based on assessment by the school psychological service.

In the induction classes the targets and content of the first school year are tackled over a period of two years; the emphasis here is on a targeted preparation for the second grade of the regular schools. The induction classes are given by remedial teachers.

In the pre-school classes children are prepared after kindergarten for admission to the first grade of the primary school. The pre-school classes are taught by remedial teachers.