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Liechtenstein:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Liechtenstein

Contents

Liechtenstein:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Liechtenstein:Historical Development

Liechtenstein:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Liechtenstein:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Liechtenstein:Political and Economic Situation

Liechtenstein:Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Liechtenstein:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Liechtenstein:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Private Education

Liechtenstein:National Qualifications Framework

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Liechtenstein:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Funding in Education

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Higher Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training Funding

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Liechtenstein:First Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Bachelor

Liechtenstein:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Second Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Liechtenstein:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Distribution of Responsibilities

Liechtenstein:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Liechtenstein:Main Providers

Liechtenstein:Main Types of Provision

Liechtenstein:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Liechtenstein:Teachers and Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Management and Other Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Educational Support and Guidance

Liechtenstein:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Liechtenstein:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Liechtenstein:Mobility and Internationalisation

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Liechtenstein:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in School Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Liechtenstein:European Perspective

Liechtenstein:Legislation

Liechtenstein:Institutions

Liechtenstein:Bibliography

Liechtenstein:Glossary

Definition of the Target Group

Children and young persons who are impaired in their development in a way that they cannot meet the demands of the regular kindergarten, primary and secondary schools are to be helped by appropriate remedial interventions as part of the special educational measures. The primary aim is to allow children with educational impairments to remain in the class to which they belong by virtue of their age or to integrate them into a regular class. Alternatively, they have the option of attending a special school. Developmental problems or impairments can take the form of mental handicap or severe impairment of the sensory organs (e.g. blindness, deafness etc.). (see Ordinance on Special School Measures, Art. 41).

Special education also includes children who are not yet of school age. The right of young persons to special education normally expires when they reach the age of 21 (end of their 20th year of age); in the case of young persons who were assigned to special education before the end of their 20th year of age and who still require the special measures, their right to such measures extends to the end of their special education, though no longer than the end of their 22nd year.

Conditions for Admission and Choice of Educational Establishment

The only special school in Liechtenstein is the Special Educational Day School at the Remedial Education Centre (HPZ) in Schaan. The Special Educational Day School is an officially recognised but privately-run school. It looks after children and young people who require more assistance than can be provided (perhaps temporarily) within the remedial capacities of the regular school - for instance, in the case of severe speech problems or profound cognitive impairment.

Children with special educational needs can also be catered for in other schools in Switzerland and Austria (accession to the Inter-Cantonal Agreement on Social Institutions. Parents do not have to pay for their child to attend a special school. If the child attends a boarding school, parents can be asked to pay a daily contribution of 10 Swiss Francs for meals if the child is a day pupil, or 15 Francs if the child is a boarder (Ordinance on Special School Measures, Art. 43).

Attendance at a special school can also be combined with a residential option or with assistance on a daycare basis. An individual may also attend two different settings. For example, a pupil may attend the normal school for two days a week and a special school for the other three days (part-time integration).

Age Levels and Group Structures

The Special Educational Day School is divided into foundation, middle and upper school levels and also has a kindergarten focusing on speech therapy and two introductory classes. In the last two years of the upper level the focus is on preparation for entry into the world of work. Classes are normally structured according to the type of special educational need and/or the type of disability. Children and young persons of different ages frequently attend the same class. There are usually between five and eight children in each class.

Curriculum and Subjects

Lessons at the Special School are dependent on the Extent of support required and are based on the framework plans for the special educational sectors and on the national curriculum. Planning for the individual child’s remedial needs is based on observation of the child’s developmental process.

Teaching Methods and teaching Materials

Based on their expertise in remedial education, the remedial teachers (supplementary and special school staff) are generally free as to the choice of teaching methods.

There is a general presumption that the work in the special schools sector must be based on scientifically established principles corresponding to current norms of remedial education.

Promotion

There is no national ruling on promotion for pupils of special schools. This depends on the individual progress of each pupil.

School leaving Certificate

There is no formal school leaving certificate at the Special Educational Day School.