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Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

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Overview Liechtenstein

Contents

Liechtenstein:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Liechtenstein:Historical Development

Liechtenstein:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Liechtenstein:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Liechtenstein:Political and Economic Situation

Liechtenstein:Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Liechtenstein:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Liechtenstein:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Private Education

Liechtenstein:National Qualifications Framework

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Liechtenstein:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Funding in Education

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Higher Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training Funding

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Liechtenstein:First Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Bachelor

Liechtenstein:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Second Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Liechtenstein:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Distribution of Responsibilities

Liechtenstein:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Liechtenstein:Main Providers

Liechtenstein:Main Types of Provision

Liechtenstein:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Liechtenstein:Teachers and Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Management and Other Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Educational Support and Guidance

Liechtenstein:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Liechtenstein:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Liechtenstein:Mobility and Internationalisation

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Liechtenstein:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in School Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Liechtenstein:European Perspective

Liechtenstein:Legislation

Liechtenstein:Institutions

Liechtenstein:Bibliography

Liechtenstein:Glossary

For children under the age of four the following childcare programmes are offered.

Day-care Facilities

Day-care facilities offer education and care to children from three months onwards in a regular framework of several days or half-days a week in preferably constant groups of mixed ages up to the moment when they start Kindergarten or primary school. Along with programmes on half-day or full-day basis childcare is offered on a more flexible and hourly basis.

The majority of day-care facilities is being run by the Day-care Centres Association. In addition, there are state-funded and non-funded childcare programmes.

Day-care Parents

Day-care parents look after one or more additional children of a mixed age, mostly along with their own children, for a few hours or for the whole day. In order to be allowed to offer these services families require authorisation from the Social Services Department (as a rule, from 40 paid hours a month working in childcare). Most day-care parents are assigned, trained and employed by the Parent Child Forum and do not need additional authorisation by the Social Services Department because of its official approval.

Babysitting Services

Babysitting services offer childcare on an hourly or full-day basis – once only, or as part of a regular or irregular arrangement; parents may make use of it on short notice, too. Children spend their time together in daily routines that are appropriate and child-oriented and are attended by educational experts (The Social Services Department's Directives for the Approval and Supervision of non-home-based Childcare Services, p. 13).

Playgroups

Playgroups are not considered an actual part of childcare programmes. Rather, they offer playful support within the field of non-formal education. Playgroups enable children from the age of three to have their first experiences with other children before starting Kindergarten. A playgroup consists of a constant group of six to twelve children and will meet regularly (two to three times a week for two to three hours). The children are attended by trained playgroup leaders.

Geographical Accessibility

In recent years non-home-based childcare has been gradually expanded and become state-funded. Nowadays there is at least one institution offering non-home-based childcare in every municipality.

Admission Requirements and Choice of ECEC Institution

There is no official guideline regulating the admission in child day-care facilities in Liechtenstein. However, there are possible criteria like the employment situation of both parents, family status (especially single parents) or the social situation of the parents. Children living in the area of the local institution may have preferential admission.

Since making use of childcare programmes is a voluntary decision, choosing an institution is the parents' choice. Once, however, a child is registered and enrolled the parents are obliged to take the child to the day-care facility on a regular basis according to the terms of the agreement. Besides offering planning security to the day-care facility, this regularity and the respective continuity is also of importance to the child and the group as a whole.

Age Levels and Grouping of Children

It is the respective institution's decision to determine the age from which children are granted admission. As a rule this is the age of three or four months.

Childcare is organised in groups of mixed ages or in groups of the same age. Usually, however, there are two age groups: one group with babies starting from three or four months, and one group with infants starting from the age of around three years. Baby-only groups are not allowed for developmental-psychological reasons.

Organisation of Time

The organisation of time is described in the part detailing the opening hours in The Social Services Department's Directives for the Approval and Supervision of non-home-based Childcare Services (hours per day, days per year, holidays). There are no official guidelines concerning the day-structure in day-care families as childcare and its respective time of organisation are established on an individual and flexible basis.

Organisation of the Day and Week

Child day-care facilities follow a clear daily structure with certain arrival times or pickup times as well as timed activities, including lunch. The Pedagogical Concept of the Day-care Centres Association communicates a specific day-structure.

Daily Structure KiTa

06.30 a.m.

  • opening time of the day-care facility
  • children gradually arrive at the facility
  • children play freely most of the time until snack time

morning

  • snack time
  • guided activities like singing, making things, going for a walk, playing in the garden, activities to further develop their skills, free play

from 11 a.m.

  • children arriving / being picked up

approx. 12 noon

  • lunch

after lunch

  • cleaning their teeth, perhaps napping
  • free play

from 1 p.m.

  • children arriving / being picked up

1.30 p.m.

  • administrative meetings

from 2 p.m.

  • guided activities like singing, making things, going for a walk, playing in the garden, activities to further develop their skills, free play

approx. 3.30 p.m.

  • snack time
  • free play
  • doing homework
  • children gradually go home

6.30 p.m.

  • closing time of day-care facility


References