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Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Liechtenstein

Contents

Liechtenstein:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Liechtenstein:Historical Development

Liechtenstein:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Liechtenstein:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Liechtenstein:Political and Economic Situation

Liechtenstein:Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Liechtenstein:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Liechtenstein:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Private Education

Liechtenstein:National Qualifications Framework

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Liechtenstein:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Funding in Education

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Higher Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training Funding

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Liechtenstein:First Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Bachelor

Liechtenstein:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Second Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Liechtenstein:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Distribution of Responsibilities

Liechtenstein:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Liechtenstein:Main Providers

Liechtenstein:Main Types of Provision

Liechtenstein:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Liechtenstein:Teachers and Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Management and Other Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Educational Support and Guidance

Liechtenstein:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Liechtenstein:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Liechtenstein:Mobility and Internationalisation

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Liechtenstein:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in School Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Liechtenstein:European Perspective

Liechtenstein:Legislation

Liechtenstein:Institutions

Liechtenstein:Bibliography

Liechtenstein:Glossary

The following programmes of education are solely focusing on the programmes of teachers in the fields of Kindergarten, primary school, lower secondary school and general upper secondary school (baccalaureate schools).

Institutions, Level and Models of Training

Based on the fact that there are no teacher training institutions in Liechtenstein the following notes exclusively present the training requirements necessary for the teaching qualifications on the various school levels.

School Education

Kindergarten

Based on the Teachers' Service Conditions Law Liechtenstein requires a minimum higher education of three years. Swiss education towards a Kindergarten teacher diploma requires a three-year full-time programme worth a bachelor's degree (180 ECTS) and is therefore recognised in Liechtenstein. Austria asks for a five-year programme (teacher training college) at upper secondary school (baccalaureate and diploma). Because of the difference in education programmes Kindergarten teachers with Austrian qualifications who want to work in Liechtenstein need to complete a compensatory programme (worth 15 ECTS) at a Swiss university of teacher education.

Primary School

The employment as a primary teacher requires a three-year full-time programme at a Swiss or Austrian university of teacher education (worth a bachelor's degree). The education as a generalist enables teachers to teach all or most of the subjects at primary school level.

Lower Secondary School

The employment as a teacher at a lower secondary school of both types Oberschule and Realschule requires a master's degree (worth 90 to 120 ECTS) that has usually been completed at a university of teacher education. The programmes include several subjects (subject combinations). Both Swiss and Austrian institutions are recognised without reservation if they are in turn state-recognised and provide the teaching qualifications on the relevant school level.

Upper Secondary Level For the employment as a teacher at the Gymnasium a specific subject degree at Master level is required together with the teaching degree for upper secondary level of a recognised higher education institution (usually a university of teacher education). Recognition without reservation is given to Swiss, Austrian and German education programmes as long as they are in turn state-recognised and provide the teaching qualifications on the relevant school level.

Special School Measures

The employment of teachers for special education follows the following criteria:

Special programmes for remedial education at school are offered in Switzerland (duration: three years part-time, two years full-time). Equivalent to this type of education are Austrian programmes for teacher training at primary school level (Volksschule) or at lower secondary school level (Hauptschule) specialising in education for children with special needs. Teachers at schools for children with special needs are asked to hold qualifications for special needs education from a recognised institution either in Switzerland or Austria.

Special School

There is one private special school in Liechtenstein that is state-recognised and mainly state-subsidised. Special needs teachers are employed under private law based on the private character of the special school. By means of a performance agreement the government insists that the private special school demand the following education requirements from special needs teachers and therapists:

The employment as a teacher in remedial education at school (acting as a teacher in complementary education and/or as a teacher for children with special needs at a mainstream school or rather as a form teacher at a special school) requires a diploma for the relevant school level (for Oberschule the diploma for primary school is sufficient) and an additional special diploma from a higher education institution specialising in special needs education.

The field of „pedagogical and therapeutic measures“ (PTM) is covered by PTM-teachers, e.g. speech therapists, psycho-motor therapists, and early childhood teachers. The relevant employment qualifications are subject diplomas from recognised universities of teacher education specialising in special needs education.

Admission Requirements

As a rule the baccalaureate is the admission requirement for all teaching professions. Decision on admission lies with the specific training institution and they are free to adopt additional requirements.

For more details please consult the Swiss homepage.

Curriculum, Level of Specialisation and Learning Outcomes

Universities for teacher education or other higher education institutions offer various focuses in their degree programmes for future teachers:

  • aspects of general education (pre-school level, primary school level, some parts of lower secondary level)
  • subject-related aspects (lower secondary level, upper secondary level)
  • vocational aspects (pedagogy, general didactics and subject-related didactics)
  • teaching practice

More information can be obtained at the specific institutions and especially at the Swiss universities of teacher education. 

Teacher Educators

Because of the lack of specific degree programmes Liechtenstein does not regulate the details of teacher educators.

Qualifications, Evaluation and Certificates

Because of the lack of specific degree programmes Liechtenstein does not regulate the details of qualifications, evaluation and certificates with regard to teacher training.

Alternative Training Pathways

On the background of a teacher shortage various universities of teacher education offer courses for persons with a different professional history and a minimum age of 30 years (so-called lateral entrants). The education for these persons is combined with part-time teaching on the target level. Candidates applying for such a programme additionally and successfully have to pass an evaluation of professional aptitude.

The programmes for lateral entrants in Switzerland are regulated on a cantonal level and are not EDK-recognised at the moment. Recognition in Liechtenstein has not been established so far. Individual examination decides on the employment of a teacher from a programme for lateral entrants. Decisive factors are subject-related knowledge, educational background, professional experience and the situation of demand in the profession.