This page was last modified on 21 June 2016, at 15:41.

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Liechtenstein

Contents

Liechtenstein:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Liechtenstein:Historical Development

Liechtenstein:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Liechtenstein:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Liechtenstein:Political and Economic Situation

Liechtenstein:Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Liechtenstein:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Liechtenstein:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Private Education

Liechtenstein:National Qualifications Framework

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Liechtenstein:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Funding in Education

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Higher Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training Funding

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Liechtenstein:First Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Bachelor

Liechtenstein:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Second Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Liechtenstein:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Distribution of Responsibilities

Liechtenstein:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Liechtenstein:Main Providers

Liechtenstein:Main Types of Provision

Liechtenstein:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Liechtenstein:Teachers and Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Management and Other Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Educational Support and Guidance

Liechtenstein:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Liechtenstein:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Liechtenstein:Mobility and Internationalisation

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Liechtenstein:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in School Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Liechtenstein:European Perspective

Liechtenstein:Legislation

Liechtenstein:Institutions

Liechtenstein:Bibliography

Liechtenstein:Glossary

Teachers of early childhood and school education at state-schools are government employees, their employment requirements are detailed in the Teachers' Service Conditions Law and the Teachers' Service Conditions Ordinance. Central planning and employment body is the state. The government appoints all the teachers employed for an unlimited period or on a temporary basis for one to three years. Employments on a temporary basis may be arranged by the Office of Education. In the case of an employment at a municipality-funded school (Kindergarten and primary school) the commentary from the municipality school council has to be considered if the minimum period is a year and the minimum level of employment is forty percent.

Teachers at private schools are subject to general labor legislation.

Planning Policy

On application of the Office of Education the governmental staff appointment scheme determines the number of permanent appointments for every single school year. The demand for positions results from:

  • the working time of the teachers
  • the table of lessons according to the curriculum
  • the number of pupils and students
  • and the need for special support of children with a weak school record or with behavioural difficulties; also the number of students integrated from a special school into the mainstream school has to be considered.

An appointment may be considered if there is a need and if the governmental staff appointment scheme provides a permanent position. An appointment outside of the governmental scheme may be considered if the necessary means are included in the calculations. Appointments at municipality-funded schools may be made by the government, but still based on the consent of the municipality school council. Such an appointment may be extended after three years if the governmental staff appointment scheme includes a free position (law, Articel 7 und 8).

Entry to the Profession

New positions and vacancies to be filled are announced for open application by the government in the official publication media indicating the employment requirements. A public announcement may be unnecessary if the justification for a specific appointment lies outside of the staff appointment scheme, if the level of employment is a minimal one, if the duration of the appointment is shorter than a year, or if the present appointment is treated as a transfer.

Terms of appointment are:

  • legal capacity
  • evidence of good character (register of commerce extract; criminal record extract)
  • absence of considerable illnesses or physical deficiencies impeding the professional practice
  • Liechtenstein citizenship, or citizenship from another country on equal terms according to international treaties or reciprocity
  • evidence of the required education
  • command of the German language

The employment authorities may ask for further qualifications according to the requirements of the position for the job vacancy, especially for professional experience, for experience in project work or for management qualities.

Induction

All the teachers entering a new teaching position are appointed on a provisional basis for three years. The appointment is each for a year within the provisional arrangement of three years.

In the course of this provisional arrangement all the teachers are required to attend introductory courses that are focusing on various Liechtenstein specific topics. The courses with a length of 10 to 15 days are being held as blocks of seminars during the holidays or some time outside school hours.

The following aspects of courses are completed by a test:

  •  history of Liechtenstein
  • civic education of Liechtenstein: institutions and legislation
  • school legislation of Liechtenstein: fundamentals of the School Law, of the Teachers' Service Conditions Law, and of the Law on Children and Young People, including the relevant ordinances.

In addition there are courses on the following topics:

  • mentoring;
  • school system;
  • curriculum;
  • special school measures, and educational and therapeutic measures
  • quality assurance and quality development;
  • inspectorate and performance evaluation;
  • student assessment and feedback meetings with parents:
  • educational IT-network and IT-technology;

At the end of the provisional appointment the teachers are required to present the following elements:

  • satisfying performance of position requirements;
  • adequate knowledge of regional studies, especially knowledge of history, of civics, and of school legislation of Liechtenstein;
  • full compliance with employment requirements.

Besides the introductory courses mentioned above the new teachers may ask for mentoring in the first year of service in order to be introduced to the practical teaching aspects, they are then conceded a reduction of the teaching workload for this time span.

Professional Status

Teachers at state schools are civil servants in public employment. The details on salary, on social benefits, on retirement, on annual leave etc. are laid down in the Teachers' Service Conditions Law, in the Teachers' Service Conditions Ordinance, in the Ordinance on Salaries of Civil Servants or in the Law/Ordinance on the Service Conditions of Civil Servants. There are two types of contracts for teachers at state schools: temporary contracts and permanent ones.

For a permanent post – if there is a need – teachers are permanently appointed with a minimum level of appointment of forty percent after swearing the oath of office. Otherwise and further on the temporary appointment applies.

Replacement Measures

The school management ensures whenever possible the continuity of teaching in situations of absence of teachers by appropriate methods and an operational plan. On short-term absence teaching is assumed by another teacher from the same school. Teachers may be required to take over cancelled lessons and to teach a certain number of unpaid lessons a school year, according to their level of employment.

In situations of long-term absence the Office of Education may appoint teachers on the basis of temporary contracts.

Supporting Measures for Teachers

Teachers are encouraged to apply for professional coaching lessons. The range of offers includes coaching by school social workers or counselling services at Zurich University of Teacher Education (among other services: personal counselling for teachers and school managers as well as links to specific coaches). There is an agreement to this effect between the Office of Education in Liechtenstein and Zurich University of Teacher Education (PH Zürich).

Salaries

Teacher salaries at state schools are in accordance with the Law on Salaries of Civil Servants. The individual teachers are assigned an employment classification that is based on a workplace assessment.

  •  Pay of annual bonus (13th month's salary)
  • In addition to the basic pay there is an automatic and age-related pay rise (max. 12%) combined with a performance related pay rise provided that the Parliament grants the relevant financial means. Teachers are entitled to salaries brought into line with inflation calculated on the Swiss consumer price index.
  • The government may offer bonuses to teachers with special functions in the education system.
  • Part-time teachers and supply teachers are being paid according to their level of employment and length of service.
  • Teachers at state-schools are covered by insurance against illness, accident and invalidity.
  • The state pays family allowances in form of child benefits independent of employment and salary.

Working Time and Holidays

The scale of tasks conforms to the following number of compulsory lessons:

  • Kindergarten: 30 lessons
  • Primary School: 29 lessons
  • Lower secondary school: 28 lessons
  • Upper secondary school:
  • PE, music, arts: 25 lessons
  • other subjects: 22 lessons

Compulsory lessons include the total number of weekly lessons on 45 minutes of a full-time teacher.

The service agreement includes the following assignments:

  • teaching and education based on the guidelines of the curriculum
  • planning, preparation and evaluation of teaching performance
  • counselling of pupils and students as well as cooperation with parents, if necessary in coordination with specialists
  • cooperation with other teachers and with the school authorities; in addition participation in collective activities of the school and within the education system
  • professional and personal further training

Eligibility for Compensation

Assumption of additional responsibilities at school education is compensated in the form of a reduced number of teaching lessons. The following responsibilites are eligible for compensation:

  • management of a class
  • cooperation within school team
  • induction into the profession
  • counselling and coaching of fellow teachers (e.g. mentoring)
  • time spent for talks with teachers of Complementary Education and for cooperation with parents in relation with Complementary Education
  • responsibilities in connection with the arrival times at Kindergarten and primary schools that are necessary for block teaching, as well as for homework support
  • supervision of recess, at lunchtime and of study times at school
  • other responsibilities in educational or administrative fields of school (e.g. in school office, for the administration of libraries and collections, for the administration of special rooms, as the editor of the school magazine, for the cooperation in internal projects, for the chair of a department, for the cooperation in working groups).

Teachers are also required to take up further responsibilities and to show attendance in the cooperation with other teachers or with the school authorities, in the involvement in collective tasks at school and in the education system and at other tasks on the background of their service agreement. Binding attendance of the individual teacher is – if possible – determined in accordance with the annual programme at the beginning of the school year by the school administration.

Holidays

The government determines the preconditions for the granting of paid or unpaid leave by ordinance. In cases of long-term absence because of illness, accident or need for recovery the teacher may be asked to see an official doctor. A holiday must not be granted if lessons must be cancelled as a result of it. Exceptions are only made in urgent situations.

The holidays that a teacher is entitled to be paid result from the relation between the number of school weeks and holiday weeks, and is 13/52 of the annual salary.
Maternity leave is based on the official legal regulations. The Office of Education may extend unpaid maternity leave on the application of the teacher for twelve school weeks at the most.

The following examples may be a reason for unpaid leave:

  • sudden illness of a member of the family or of a close relative, if the necessary care is otherwise lacking: 3 days at the most
  • case of death in the family: 1 day; death of a parent, spouse or of one's own child: 3 days
  • birth of a child of spouse or partner: 1 day
  • meetings resulting from a public post if the meetings take place at teaching time
  • function of an MP: all meetings
  • a summons: participation in the trial
  • participation in cultural events of countrywide importance and in sports events like Olympic games, large competitions and events, as an athlete or as an official: 5 days at the most
  • other urgent incidents that cannot be delayed: 2 days at most
  • responsible bodies for the granting of a holiday

up to 1 day: the school management

2 to 5 days: the Office of Education

from 6 days onward: the government

Unpaid leave may be granted if it does not lead to considerable disadvantages in the management of school procedures and if substitution during the intended holiday is guaranteed. The granting of unpaid leave up to five days is in the responsibility of the Office of Education, from six days onwards it lies with the relevant appointment authority.

Age-based Reduction

Starting with 55 years of age teachers are entitled to a reduced workload with the salary remaining unchanged. The reduction is based on the average level of employment of the past ten years in Liechtenstein's education system. With a level below 40% no claim can be made in this respect.
The age-based reduction can be implemented if the 55th year of life is completed two months after the start of the school year or after the semester. For the determination of the length of time of the age-based reduction the average level of employment is the one substantial factor to be taken into account as follows:

  •  level of employment between 70% and 100%: 1 lesson of reduction
  • evel of employment between 40% and 69%: 1/2 lesson of reduction

Once the 60th year of life is completed the teacher's age-based reduction is doubled starting with the following school year. The age-based reduction can be doubled if the 60th year of life is completed two months after the start of the school year or after the semester.

Promotion, Advancement

Additional trainings and training programmes qualify teachers, inter alia, for new roles in their profession, for special and for management functions in school as well as for responsibilities in the coaching of fellow teachers, in school administration or in the educational further training.
In line with the primary degree the potential is given after completing further education programmes to acquire teaching qualifications for additional subjects or for another type of school (e.g. to change from primary school to lower secondary school). Some universities of teacher education offer various master's degree programmes in further education for teachers that qualify for careers outside of the field of school (e.g. education administration, universities of teacher education etc.).

Mobility and Transfers

The appointment authority may transfer a teacher to another position if this is required by the staff appointment scheme or if it is based on the teacher's personal wish, as long as there are no contradictions with the staff appointment scheme.
When transferring a teacher to a municipality-funded school the municipal education council must be heard if the transfer is for no less than a year and the level of employment is at least 40%.

Dismissal

Dismissal or rather the termination of the employment are regulated in the Law on Teachers' Service Conditions and may result from notice of dismissal, because of temporary employment, from retiring, or based on administrative or disciplinary reasons.
Within the notice period of six months teachers may terminate their contract and are then released from their employment at the end of the school year. By mutual agreement the release from employment may also take place during the school year.

Retirement and Pensions

When a teacher reaches retirement age (after completing the 64th year of life) they are principally asked by the Office of Education to retire at the end of the month; continued employment up to the end of the semester however is preferred. If retirement age is at the latest reached three months after the start of the school year the teacher can then retire early without any proprietary disadvantages. The general policy is: employment beyond the end of the school year is approved if the position cannot be otherwise occupied. After completing 62 years of life teachers are entitled to the option of early retirement. The state then bears the employer fee as well as 50% of the employee's fee of the retirement insurance for the time until reaching regular retirement age, together with the fees for old-age pension based on regulations of the old-age pension insurance. The Law on Salaries of Civil Servants and the Civil Service Pensions Law regulate the details considering early retirement.