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Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

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Overview Liechtenstein

Contents

Liechtenstein:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Liechtenstein:Historical Development

Liechtenstein:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Liechtenstein:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Liechtenstein:Political and Economic Situation

Liechtenstein:Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Liechtenstein:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Liechtenstein:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Private Education

Liechtenstein:National Qualifications Framework

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Liechtenstein:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Liechtenstein:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Liechtenstein:Funding in Education

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Higher Education Funding

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training Funding

Liechtenstein:Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Liechtenstein:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Liechtenstein:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Liechtenstein:Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Liechtenstein:First Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Bachelor

Liechtenstein:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Second Cycle Programmes

Liechtenstein:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Liechtenstein:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Liechtenstein:Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Distribution of Responsibilities

Liechtenstein:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Liechtenstein:Main Providers

Liechtenstein:Main Types of Provision

Liechtenstein:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Liechtenstein:Teachers and Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Management and Other Education Staff

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Liechtenstein:Management Staff for Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Educational Support and Guidance

Liechtenstein:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Liechtenstein:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Liechtenstein:Mobility and Internationalisation

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Liechtenstein:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Liechtenstein:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in School Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Liechtenstein:National Reforms in Higher Education

Liechtenstein:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Liechtenstein:European Perspective

Liechtenstein:Legislation

Liechtenstein:Institutions

Liechtenstein:Bibliography

Liechtenstein:Glossary

Students Assessment

At secondary level II the school report plays an important role in pupil assessment. Reports are compiled twice a year, at the end of each semester, and give an assessment of achievement, as well as pupils’ learning, work and social behaviour. The term reports provide the basis for the decision on a pupil’s advancement to the next higher grade, as well as offering additional information relating to a student’s progression to a higher level of education or into employment. The reports grade performance on a scale of 1 - 6 (6 = very good; 5 = good; 4 = satisfactory; 3 = unsatisfactory (1 minus point); 2 = weak (2 minus points) and 1 = very weak (3 minus points). Scores can also be given in half-points. School reports are normally backed up by teacher-pupil and teacher-parent assessment meetings. The marks in the separate subjects are determined by written and oral tests and exams. The report on the level of cooperation and general behaviour uses three terms: “Good”, “complaint”, and “serious complaint”.

Students must produce regular evidence of achievement in all subjects in the form of written or oral tests, presentations and  seminar papers.
The end-of-term reports give an account of the proven achievements in the individual subjects during each semester. The marks may only be given as full- or half-marks. The same applies to the Vocational Baccalaureate School. The subject areas are covered in the form of modules and can be repeated individually if a student fails to pass one or the other.

Progression of Students

In the upper level of the Gymnasium students are promoted to the next higher grade at the end of the school year if the average promotion mark is at least 4.0, no more than 2.5 minus points have been awarded and the number of “unsatisfactory” marks does not exceed 4.0. Students who gain a promotion average of at least 3.9 and/or have been given no more than 3 minus points, with the number of “unsatisfactory” marks being no higher than 4, are granted a provisional promotion. In all other cases students are not promoted.

Admission criteria for the  final exams (Matura) include attendance at and successful completion of the 6th and 7th grades of the Gymnasium and a positive assessment of the two project papers which have to be written in grades 6 and 7. The Matura certificate specifically names the subject(s) of these papers.

Certification

The final school leaving certificate of general upper secondary education is the baccalaureate (Maturität) respectively the vocational baccalaureate (Berufsmaturität), which allows for admission to any higher education programm without further examination. The baccalaureate is issued apon admission and successful pass of the final examinations. The final grading is the final baccalaureate examinations consist of written and oral tests. Admission and organisation of final examination at the Gymnasium are set out in the Ordinance on the Curriculum, Promotion and Matura in the Upper Level of the Liechtenstein Gymnasium. Admission and organisation of final examination at the Vocational Baccalaureate School are set out in the Ordinance on the Vocational Baccalaureate School. Successful pas of final exams requires a positive result in every subject, acceptance of the inter-disciplinary project work (IDPA), and a minimum of 85% attendance at all the lessons held. Organisation of the Matura examinations is the responsibility of a Matura Committee appointed by the government. The Committee has a membership of seven which is changed every four years. A representative of the Office of Education is an ex officio member. The school administrator (head teacher) has an advisory vote. The Matura committee is tasked with preparing, organising and evaluating the Matura examinations. It decides on admission to the Matura examinations and on the awarding of the Matura certificates.