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Latvia:Job-Related Non-Formal Adult Education

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Overview Latvia

Contents

Latvia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Latvia:Historical Development

Latvia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Latvia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Latvia:Political and Economic Situation

Latvia:Organisation and Governance

Latvia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Latvia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Latvia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Latvia:Organisation of Private Education

Latvia:National Qualifications Framework

Latvia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Latvia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Latvia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Latvia:Funding in Education

Latvia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Latvia:Higher Education Funding

Latvia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Latvia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Latvia:Organisation of Programmes for all Pre-Primary Education

Latvia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for all Pre-Primary Education

Latvia:Assessment in Programmes for all Pre-Primary Education

Latvia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Latvia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Latvia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Latvia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Latvia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Latvia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Latvia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Latvia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Latvia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Latvia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Latvia:Higher Education

Latvia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Latvia:First Cycle Programmes

Latvia:Bachelor

Latvia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Latvia:Second Cycle Programmes

Latvia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Latvia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Latvia:Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Latvia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Latvia:Main Providers

Latvia:Main Types of Provision

Latvia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Latvia:Teachers and Education Staff

Latvia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Latvia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Latvia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Latvia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Management and Other Education Staff

Latvia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Latvia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Latvia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Latvia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Quality Assurance

Latvia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Latvia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Educational Support and Guidance

Latvia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Latvia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Latvia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Latvia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Latvia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Latvia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Mobility in Higher Education

Latvia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Latvia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Latvia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Latvia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Latvia:National Reforms in School Education

Latvia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Latvia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Latvia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Latvia:European Perspective

Latvia:Legislation

Latvia:Glossary

Definition of non-formal education is included in the Education Law (Section 1, point 14.1.) – non-formal education is educational activities in conformity with interests and demand of a person and organised outside of formal education. 

The Law also defines that non-formal adult educational programmes are determined by the content of such programmes and the conformity to with the interests of the State and of employers, as well as of individual development, and adults have the right to acquire these programmes throughout the length of their whole life regardless of previously acquired education. 

Data of the Adult Education Survey compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia show that, in 2011, almost one third of adults (32.4%) aged 25 – 64 were participating in formal and/or non-formal education. Non-formal education plays significant role in the life-long learning perspective. 30% of the population aged 25 – 64 participated in non-formal education activities. Adult participation in non-formal education activities was mainly work-related. This reason was main for 77.3% of the survey participants. 

There are no imposed formal requirements for the starting and conducting the non-formal education process. Acquisition of the education programme is not followed by the state recognised diploma.

According to the Education Law (Section 46(5)), local governments ensure the licensing of non-formal educational programmes. Also, the Law says that the State and local governments financially support adult education by financing non-formal adult educational programmes, as well as by supporting employers in the additional education of employees.

State support is directed to the job-related education and covers following sectors:

Many of the support measures for the job-related non-formal education is financed by the European Structural Funding.  The aim of these support measures is to upgrade and improve individuals’ knowledge, skills and competences.

The consistent state financial support to Latvian language acquisition programmes during last 17 years has been ensured. For the period starting from the 1996 to 2004 the Latvian Language Agency provided free of charge Latvian language courses for different target groups as teachers, kindergarten teachers, policemen, medical personnel, recruit and unemployed. Starting from the 2006 the Latvian Language Agency provides language courses for the teachers and pupils’ parents. 

In the middle of 2009 the Ministry of Welfare introduced new preventive measure for reducing of unemployment – the education voucher system, which is a most democratic approach that enables adults to improve knowledge, skills, competence and competitiveness in the labour market by choosing its own education programme and educational institution. The programme is ensured by the State Employment Agency and is still ongoing in 2015.   

Admission Requirements

For persons participating in free-of-charge non-formal education programmes offered by the State Employment Agency, admission requirement is registered unemployed person status. This admission requirement is not applicable to the education voucher system were any adult may participate, except civil servants.

There are no common admission requirements for the other job-related non-formal education programmes. Providers of the education programmes can determine specific admission requirements if such are necessary for the acquisition of the programme.

Learner Assessment/ Progression

An improvement of the learners’ knowledge, basic and professional skills contributes to the quality and effectiveness of the work process and provides opportunities to the better career possibilities. 

Certification

After acquisition of job-related non-formal education programmes participants usually receive a certificate which testifies a fact of participation. The non-formal education certificates are not recognized by the state and its value are based mainly on the reputation of the education providers and practical application of skills and knowledge obtained at the programme. 

Teaching Methods and Approaches

There are a great variety of the methods and training approaches in the non-formal education. In comparison with the formal education, the non-formal education programmes are more flexible. The education process is focused on practical application of skills and knowledge.

Education content usually is adapted to the needs of a learner or learner group in order to maximize benefits and minimize duration of study process. Many non-formal education providers are using ICT, distance learning and other contemporary approaches.