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Latvia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

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Overview Latvia

Contents

Latvia:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Latvia:Historical Development

Latvia:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Latvia:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Latvia:Political and Economic Situation

Latvia:Organisation and Governance

Latvia:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Latvia:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Latvia:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Latvia:Organisation of Private Education

Latvia:National Qualifications Framework

Latvia:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Latvia:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Latvia:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Latvia:Funding in Education

Latvia:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Latvia:Higher Education Funding

Latvia:Adult Education and Training Funding

Latvia:Early Childhood Education and Care

Latvia:Organisation of Programmes for all Pre-Primary Education

Latvia:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for all Pre-Primary Education

Latvia:Assessment in Programmes for all Pre-Primary Education

Latvia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Latvia:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Latvia:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Latvia:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Latvia:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Latvia:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Latvia:Upper Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Latvia:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Latvia:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Latvia:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Latvia:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Latvia:Higher Education

Latvia:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Latvia:First Cycle Programmes

Latvia:Bachelor

Latvia:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Latvia:Second Cycle Programmes

Latvia:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Latvia:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Latvia:Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Distribution of Responsibilities

Latvia:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Latvia:Main Providers

Latvia:Main Types of Provision

Latvia:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Latvia:Teachers and Education Staff

Latvia:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Latvia:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Latvia:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Latvia:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Management and Other Education Staff

Latvia:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Latvia:Management Staff for Higher Education

Latvia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Latvia:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Quality Assurance

Latvia:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Latvia:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Educational Support and Guidance

Latvia:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Latvia:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Latvia:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Latvia:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Latvia:Mobility and Internationalisation

Latvia:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Mobility in Higher Education

Latvia:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Latvia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Latvia:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Latvia:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Latvia:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Latvia:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Latvia:National Reforms in School Education

Latvia:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Latvia:National Reforms in Higher Education

Latvia:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Latvia:European Perspective

Latvia:Legislation

Latvia:Glossary

Academic Guidance

The Law on Institutions of Higher Education says that higher education institutions have to ensure:

that the students are given the opportunity to acquire knowledge, an academic education and professional skills in accordance with the science development level and cultural traditions of Latvia in as concentrated and didactically wholesome a form as possible. (Section 5.2)

The Law also defines the right of students to receive information in all matters, which are directly related to their studies and possible career. 

Psychological Counselling

Student service centres of some institutions of higher education provide also psychological counselling to students. Also, HEIs are responsible to provide students with the possibility to play sports. This is an important support to students’ physical and psychological health. 

Career Guidance

The University of Latvia – the largest university in Latvia – provides the most advanced student services. Most other higher education institutions in Latvia provide some elements of academic guidance, psychological counselling and career guidance system.
Career Guidance HE LV.png

Student support provision at the University of Latvia is based on a model that allows the integration of all support services for students, including academic (education), career, psychological issues and assistance to persons with disabilities. Administration of these activities within the University is coordinated by Student Services. Based on the interdisciplinary nature of the career concept, the integrated approach ensures the provision of the appropriate type of aid concerning a particular problem and co-operation among counsellors (and other staff). The main target groups are: students, pupils, employers, academic and administrative staff. Guidance provision as a centralized service within the University is offered through individual counselling, group workshops, thematic lectures, information activities (career day, meeting with company representatives) and specially created online resources (Student Service Centre home page and for job search the "e-career" tool - a job offer and student CV database). The e-career tool has been developed to allow employers who are registered users of the database to establish direct contact with applicants in whom they are interested. In order to expand communication channels with young people social networks - Twitter, Skype are used.

In the University of Latvia, activities in cooperation with employers are planned to integrate guidance elements within the study process. For instance, lectures of invited representatives from the industry are providing current information on the development of the industry field. Lecture planning takes place by coordinating the study program content and the employer's competence (expertise). This gives students not only new knowledge about the labour market and industry specific issues, but also allows them to see their options within the profession and industry. There have been visiting lecturers in chemistry, finance, banking, information technology, retail and other sectors in various programs. Further plans are to establish a unified support system at the institutional level, combining different types of services provided at different levels within the institution into one system, such as the introduction of peer mentoring, tutoring, personal development planning, to promote cooperation between the university and employers.

The State Education Development Agency’s Information and Career Guidance Department offers informative support for higher education institutions’ career guidance centres and also for students. The Department hosts the Latvian Euroguidance centre which provides information on guidance policy and practice in Europe and promotes mobility through information on learning opportunities in Europe. 

Support for Foreign Students

National Integration Centre offers free consultations with the following specialists intended also for international students:

  • A social worker who evaluates a person or family’s individual case and offers advice on improvements with the help of other specialists.
  • A family support worker who introduces families to Latvian cultural and social traditions.
  • A psychologist who gives emotional support and assists in developing harmonious relationships within the family circle and the wider community, as well as strengthening self assurance and trust in one's own abilities.
  • A Latvian language consultant who evaluates the client’s level of language proficiency, in addition to creating the best language acquisition plan and choice of Latvian language training method.
  • A legal advisor who assists with the understanding of Latvian legal norms and processes, and in the preparation of support documentation that may be necessary to communicate with state and municipal authorities.
  • A professional career guidance counsellor who will evaluate the client’s professional skills and qualifications to fit the requirements of the Latvian labour market, assist with finding employment and with the accreditation of qualifications.

There are also developed general informational guides for international students: Compass for Living in Latvia for Students.

The form and number of services for HEI students depend on respective HEI. There are for instance, Latvian as a foreign language courses which focus both on linguistic and cultural aspects, fellow local-mentor students and other forms of informational support (on employment, living, professional accreditation etc), events intended for meeting local students, psycho-emotional support etc.