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Italy:Organisation of Private Education

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Overview Italy

Contents

Italy:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Italy:Historical Development

Italy:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Italy:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Italy:Political and Economic Situation

Italy:Organisation and Governance

Italy:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Italy:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Italy:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Italy:Organisation of Private Education

Italy:National Qualifications Framework

Italy:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Italy:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Italy:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Italy:Funding in Education

Italy:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Italy:Higher Education Funding

Italy:Adult Education and Training Funding

Italy:Early Childhood Education and Care

Italy:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Italy:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Italy:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Italy:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Italy:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Italy:Primary Education

Italy:Organisation of Primary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Italy:Assessment in Primary Education

Italy:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Italy:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Italy:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Italy:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Higher Education

Italy:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Italy:First Cycle Programmes

Italy:Bachelor

Italy:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Italy:Second Cycle Programmes

Italy:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Italy:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Italy:Adult Education and Training

Italy:Distribution of Responsibilities

Italy:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Italy:Main Providers

Italy:Main Types of Provision

Italy:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Italy:Teachers and Education Staff

Italy:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Italy:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Italy:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Italy:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Management and Other Education Staff

Italy:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Italy:Management Staff for Higher Education

Italy:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Italy:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Quality Assurance

Italy:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Italy:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Educational Support and Guidance

Italy:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Italy:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Italy:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Italy:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Italy:Mobility and Internationalisation

Italy:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Mobility in Higher Education

Italy:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Italy:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Italy:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Italy:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Italy:National Reforms in School Education

Italy:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Italy:National Reforms in Higher Education

Italy:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Italy:European Perspective

Italy:Legislation

Italy:Glossary

Article 33 of Italian Constitution lays down two basic principles:

  • the State is obliged to provide a State-school system accessible to all young people;
  • organisations and private individuals are entitled to set up schools and colleges of education at no cost to the State (sub-paragraph 3).

It also delegates ordinary law to lay down rights and duties of non-State schools which apply for equality and to ensure them complete freedom as well as to guarantee to pupils the same treatment of pupils who attend State schools.

Although the Italian Constitution of 1948 provides for the institution of non-State schools, a specific law has been approved only in 2000. In fact, law 62/2000 contains 'rules for school equality and provisions concerning the right to study and education'. Publicly subsidised schools with equal status are called scuole paritarie.

Law 62/2000 established that non-State schools are recognised as scuole paritarie if they meet the following requirements:

  • an educational project in keeping with the Constitution principle; a plan of the educational offer (POF) in accordance with current regulations; certification of the management title and the issue of balance;
  • the availability of premises, furniture and teaching equipment peculiar to the type of school and in accordance with the current regulations;
  • institution and functioning of collegiate bodies aimed at democratic participation;
  • school enrolment for all students upon request of their parents, provided that they have obtained a qualification valid for enrolment in the grade they wish to attend;
  • implementation of the current regulation on integration of handicapped or disadvantaged students;
  • organisation of complete courses: equality cannot be recognised to single grades, except for when new complete courses are instituted: in this case equality is recognised starting from the first grade;
  • teaching staff with a qualifying title;
  • labour contracts for management and teaching staff in accordance with the collective national labour contract.

Furthermore, according to law 62/2000, scuole paritarie deliver the same certificates and qualifications of State schools and are free to choose their own cultural orientation and educational-teaching approach. Non profit-making schools benefit from special tax-relief.

Scuole paritarie are not directly financed from the State; attendance is indirectly financed through grants to pupils and tax relief for families; however, a direct form of financing is maintained for primary and pre-primary scuole paritarie. In particular, for pre-primary schools it is maintained because non-State (either private or municipal schools) pre-primary schools cover almost the 40% of the requests. Additional regional funds are provided directly to schools or to the students’ families.

According to law 62/2000 non state schools are not obliged to apply for equality of status. However, law of 3 February 2006, no. 27 establishes that there are only two types of non-State schools: the scuole paritarie, which have obtained equal status through law 62/2000, and scuole non paritarie, which did not apply or did not obtained the equal status.

Schools without equal status are those which carry out an organised teaching activity and have the following functioning conditions:

  • educational project or educational offer, in accordance with the principles of the Constitution and of the Italian education system, aimed at the general and specific learning objectives related to the attainment of study titles;
  • availability of premises, furniture and equipment in compliance with regulations in force related to hygiene and safety of the school premises which should be suitable to their function on the basis of the number of pupils;
  • teaching staff and a co-ordinator for the teaching and educational activities with specific qualifications  for the educational offer of the school, as well as administrative and technical staff;
  • age of pupils not lower than the age of the pupils attending state school or scuole paritarie.

Schools that are not recognised as paritarie cannot release certificates and qualifications recognised within the State education system. They cannot have the same name of other State or paritarie schools and their denomination should mention their status. Scuole non paritarie are included in a specific list kept by the Regional School Office.