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Italy:Legislation

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Overview Italy

Contents

Italy:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Italy:Historical Development

Italy:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Italy:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Italy:Political and Economic Situation

Italy:Organisation and Governance

Italy:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Italy:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Italy:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Italy:Organisation of Private Education

Italy:National Qualifications Framework

Italy:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Italy:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Italy:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Italy:Funding in Education

Italy:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Italy:Higher Education Funding

Italy:Adult Education and Training Funding

Italy:Early Childhood Education and Care

Italy:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Italy:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Italy:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Italy:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Italy:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Italy:Primary Education

Italy:Organisation of Primary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Italy:Assessment in Primary Education

Italy:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Italy:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Italy:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Italy:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Higher Education

Italy:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Italy:First Cycle Programmes

Italy:Bachelor

Italy:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Italy:Second Cycle Programmes

Italy:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Italy:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Italy:Adult Education and Training

Italy:Distribution of Responsibilities

Italy:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Italy:Main Providers

Italy:Main Types of Provision

Italy:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Italy:Teachers and Education Staff

Italy:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Italy:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Italy:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Italy:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Management and Other Education Staff

Italy:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Italy:Management Staff for Higher Education

Italy:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Italy:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Quality Assurance

Italy:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Italy:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Educational Support and Guidance

Italy:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Italy:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Italy:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Italy:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Italy:Mobility and Internationalisation

Italy:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Mobility in Higher Education

Italy:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Italy:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Italy:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Italy:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Italy:National Reforms in School Education

Italy:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Italy:National Reforms in Higher Education

Italy:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Italy:European Perspective

Italy:Legislation

Italy:Glossary

Legislative Decrees

D.Lgs. 16 January 2013, no. 13

Gazzetta Ufficiale, n. 39, 15/02/2013

General dispositions and expected minimum levels of performance for identification and validation of  non-formal and informal learning as well as of minimum service standards of the national system for skills certification, as foreseen by law 28 June 2012, no. 92. 

D. Lgs. 14 January 2008, no. 21

Definition of guidance pathways for university and High education in art and music, for a connection between school, university and Institutes for High education in art and music, as well as for the exploitation of quality of students’ school achievements in their access to university degree courses with an admission test, as foreseen by law 2 August 1999 and law 11 January 2007.  

D. Lgs. 6 April 2006, no. 164

Reorganisation of the recruitment of university professors, according to law 4 November 2005, no. 230. 

D.Lgs. 15 April 2005, no. 76
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n.103, 05/05/2005
General dispositions on right/duty (diritto/dovere) to education and training, as foreseen by the reform law no. 53 of 2003.
 
D.Lgs. 15 April 2005, no. 77
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n.103, 05/05/2005
General dispositions on alternance training paths, as foreseen by reform law no. 53 of 2003. 

D.Lgs. 17 ottobre 2005, n. 227
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n.257, 04/11/2005
General dispositions on teacher training and recruitment, as foreseen by reform law no. 53 of 2003.
 
D.Lgs. 19 February 2004, no. 59
Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 51 del 2 marzo 2004, Supplemento Ordinario n. 31
Decree which sets out the general rules for the scuola dell'infanzia and for the first cycle of education, in pursuance of the reform law n. 53 of 28 March 2003.
 
D.Lgs. 19 November 2004, no. 286
Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 282 del 1 dicembre 2004
Decree that establishes the National service for the evaluation of the education and training system and the re-organisation of National institute for the evaluation of the educaiton and training system (INVALSI), according to Law no. 53 of 28 March 2003.
 
D.Lgs. 16 April 1994, no. 297
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n.115, 19/05/1994, Supplemento ordinario
Consolidated act of legislative dispositions on education, concerning all educational levels.


Ministerial Decrees

D.M. 7 June 2016, no. 120

The Decree establishes criteria and benchmarks for awarding the national scientific habilitation, which is a necessary requirement to access the recruitment procedures to become professor at universities.

D.M. 27 October 2015, no. 850

The Decree describes the objectives of the induction period, the training activities and the criteria for the evaluation of teachers during their training D.M. 8 February 2013, no. 45 The Decree includes methods for the accreditation of doctoral courses and of institutions providing doctoral courses. It also establishes the criteria that accredited institutions should follow for setting out doctoral courses.

D.M 16 November 2012, no. 254
The Decree has introduced the new National Guidelines for the Curriculum for pre-primary education and for the first cycle of education.

Interministerial Decree of 7 September 2011
The Decree establishes the general regulation of Higher technical insitutes (ITS), i.e. certifications, specialisations, evaluation and certification of competences.

Interministerial Decree 21 July 2011, no. 313

The decree establishes the minimum and maximum hourly amount paid to professors directly recruit by universities for integrative teaching needs.

D.M. 12 July 2011

Decree providing guidelines for the right to education of pupils and students with specific learning disorders.

D.M. 9 March 2011, no. 102

Decree establishing the minimum annual amount of research allowances.

D.M. 7 October 2010, no. 211
Decree providing National Guidelines for the curriculum in general upper secondary schools (licei), issued according to the reform of upper secondary education of 2010 (D.M. 89/2010).

D.M. 10 September 2010, no. 249
Decree on the reform of the initial teacher training system for teachers of all school levels, preprimary included.

D.M. 24 February 2009, no. 22
The Decree contains the model of the first-cycle of education leaving certification.

D.P.C.M. 25 January 2008
Guidelines for the re-organisation of the Higher technical education and training system and the establishment of the Higher technical institutes.

D.M. 22 August 2007, no. 139
The Decree deals with the extension of the lenght of compulsory education up to 10 years of education (from 6 to 16 years of age). The Decree describes also competences and knowledge taht pupils are expected to have acquired at the end of compulsory education.

Inter-Ministerial Decree 29 November 2007
The Decree, signed by both the Ministry of education and the Ministry oa labour, establishes that compulsory education can be fulfilled also within the three-year vocational training courses, falling under the responsibilities of the Regions. D.P.C.M. 23 February 2006, no. 185 Provisions concerning methods and criteria for identifying pupils with special educational needs, as foreseen by law no. 289 of 27 December 2002.

D.M. 3 November 1999, no. 509
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n.2, 04/01/2000
Regulation concerning teaching autonomy of the universities.

Decrees of the President of the Republic

DPR 4 April 2016, no. 95

Decree of the President of the Republic that regulates the procedures for awarding the national scientific habilitation, necessary to apply for public vacancies pusblished by universities to recruit professors, both full and associate.

DPR 28 March 2013, no. 80

Gazzetta Ufficiale, n.155, 04/07/2013

Regulation on the national evaluation system concerning education and training. 

DPR 29 October 2012, no. 263

Gazzetta Ufficiale, n.47, 25/2/2013

Regulation laying down general rules on restructuring the teaching organisation of Adult education institutions, including evening classes.

DPR 15 December 2011, no. 232

Decree that regulates the economic treatment of university professors and researchers.

DPR 11 February 2010
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n. 105 del 7/05/2010
Decree for the approval of learning objectives for Catholic religious education in pre-primary education and in the first cycle of education.

DPR 15 March 2010, no. 87
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n. 137 del 15/06/2010
Decree providing for the new organisation of vocational institutes, according to the reform of the upper secondary level of education.

DPR 15 March 2010, no. 88
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n. 137 del 15/06/2010

Decree providing for the new organisation of technical institutes, according to the reform of the upper secondary level of education.

DPR 15 March 2010, no. 89
Decree providing for the new organisation of general upper secondary institutes (licei), according to the reform of the upper secondary level of education.

DPR 20 March 2009, no. 81
Gazzetta Ufficiale 2 luglio 2009, n. 151
This Decree has been issued according to Law 133/2008 in order to reorganize the school network and to have a more efficient use of human resources at school. It includes disposition on the new limits for the class size at all school level.
 
DPR 20 March 2009, no. 89
Gazzetta Ufficiale 15 luglio 2009, n. 162
This Decree has been issued according to Law 133/2008 and provides for the revision of the organization of the pre-primary, primary and lower seconday levels. It includes the dispositions on early enrolments to pre-primary schools, the curriculum, the new organization of the school time foreseen also by law 169/2008 for primary and lower secondary schools, starting from school year 2009/2010.

DPR 22 June 2009, no. 122
Gazzetta Ufficiale 19 agosto 2009, n. 191
Decree for the coordination of the dispositions on the evaluation of students.

DPR 21 November 2007, no. 235

Gazzetta Ufficiale 18 dicembre 2007, n. 293
Regulation laying down amendments and additions to DPR 24 June 1998, no. 249, concerning Charter of students at secondary school level (Statuto delle studentesse e degli studenti). 
 
DPR 8 July 2005, no. 212

Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n.243, 18/10/2005
Dispositions for the definition of the didactical programs at the Institutes for High education in art and music (Afam) as foreseen by law no. 508 of 1999.

DPR 28 February 2003, no. 132
Gazzetta Ufficiale, n. 135, 13 giugno 2003

Decree on the autonomy of music and art institutes, according to law 21st of December 1999, no. 508.

DPR 8 March 1999, no. 275
SO 152/L della GU 10 agosto 1999, n. 186
Regulation on the autonomy of schools.

DPR 31 August 1999, no. 394
Gazzetta Ufficiale 3 novembre 1999 n.258 - Supplemento Ordinario n.190/L
Provisions concerning immigration and the status of strangers in Italy. It deals also with the access to education and the recognition of diplomas obtained abroad.
 
DPR 24 June 1998, no. 249
Gazzetta ufficiale, Roma, n.175 del 29/07/1998
Regulation containing Charter of students at secondary school level (Statuto delle studentesse e degli studenti).
 
DPR 31 May 1974, no. 416
Gazzetta Ufficiale 13 settembre 1974, n. 239
Decree on the establishment and organization of collegiate bodies in pre-primary, primary and secondary schools.
 

Laws

Law 13 July 2015, no. 107
Gazzetta Ufficiale, n. 162, 15/07/2015
The law reforms some aspects of the education and training system and gives to the Government the task of reorganising the legislation on education

Law 7 April 2014, no. 56
Gazzetta ufficiale, Roma, n. 81, 07/04/2104
Dispositions on Metropolitan cities, Provinces, unions and mergers of Municipalities.

Law 8 November 2013, no. 128
Gazzetta Ufficiale, n. 264, 11/11/2013

Conversion into law of the Decree 12 September 2013, no. 104, laying down urgent measures on education, university and research. 

Law 17 December 2012, no. 221
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n. 294, 18/12/2012
The law (for the conversion of law-decree 179/2012) introduces urgent measures for the economic growth of the country. It includes measures on textbooks, specifying the meaning of digital and mixed version of textbooks.

Law 26 February 2011, no. 10
Gazzetta Ufficiale, n.47, 26/02/2011, SO n. 53
Law establishing the National Evaluation System. 

Law 30 December 2010, no. 240
Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 10, 14-01-2011
The law contains dispositions on the organisation of universities, on the teaching staff and their recruitment. It also delegates the government to issue regulations aimed at improving the quality and efficiency of the university system.

Law 8 October 2010, no. 170
Law recognising the rights of pupils with Specific Learning Disabilities. It also provides indications of the diagnosis and educative and teaching measures to support pupils with SLD.

Law 9 January 2009, no. 1

Gazzetta Ufficiale 9 gennaio 2009, n. 6
Urgent measures on the right to study and the quality of the university and research system.

Law 6 August 2008, no. 133
Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 195 del 21 agosto 2008 - Suppl. Ordinario n. 196
Conversion into Law of the Decree 122/2008, concerning, among others, urgent measures to reduce the public costs also in the field of education. It provides also for the reorganization of all the education levels.

Law 30 October 2008, no. 169
Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 256 del 31 ottobre 2008
Conversion into Law of the Decree 1st September 2008, no. 137 concerning urgent dispositions on education and university. This law includes new rules for the evaluation of pupils (including their behaviour), applied in the school year 2008/2009, dispositions on the new organisation of school time at primary level and new rules for the adoption of textbooks. As for the evaluation of pupils, see also DPR 122/2009.

Law 11 January 2007, no. 1
Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 10  del 13  gennaio 2007
Provisions concerning the State upper secondary education leaving exams. It also delegates the Government the regulation of the links between schools and the universities.

Law 2 April 2007, no. 40
Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 77 del 2 aprile 2007 - Supplemento ordinario n. 91
Provisions concerning consumer protection, promotion of competition, development of economic activities and new enterprises.

Law 25 October 2007, no. 176
Gazzetta Ufficiale 26 ottobre 2007, n. 250
Conversion into law 

Law 3 February 2006, no. 27
Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 29 del 4 febbraio 2006
Provisions concerning non State schools. This law establishes that non State schools can only belong to two types of schools: paritarie (equal to State schools) and non paritarie (non-equal to State schools).

Law 4 November 2005, no. 230

Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n.258, 05/11/2005
Dispositions on the status of professors and researchers at universities and delegation to the government for the reorganization of the system of professors' recruitment.

Law 18 July 2003, no. 186
Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 170 del 24 luglio 2003
Dispositions onthe legal status of Catholic religious education teachers in all levels of the education system.

Law 28 March 2003, no. 53

Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 77 del 2 Aprile 2003
Delegation to the Government for the definition of general provisions on education and for the definition of expected minimum levels of performances in education and in vocational training. It provides for the reform of the whole education system.

Law 22 November 2002, no. 268
Gazzetta Ufficiale, n. 268, 25/11/2002

Conversion into law of the Decree 25 September 2002, no. 212: urgent measures for school, university, scientific and technological research and High education in art and music.

Constitutional law 18 October 2001, no. 3

Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n.248, 24/10/2001
Amendments to Title V of the second part of the Constitution on the organisation of the State and on the distribution of responsibilities among the State, the Regions and the local authorities.

Law 10 March 2000, no. 62
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n.67, 31/03/2000
Rules on the recognition of the equal status to private schools and to schools run by local authorities and provisions concerning the right to study and to education.

Law 2 August 1999, no. 264
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n. 183, 06/08/1999
Provisions concerning admission to university courses.

Law 15 December 1999, no. 482
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n. 297, 20/12/1999
Rules on the safeguard of historical linguistic minorities.

Law 21 December 1999, no. 508
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n.2, 04/01/2000
Reform of Academies of Fine Arts, National Academies of the Dance, Higher Institutes for Artistic Industries, Music Schools and approved Music Institutes.

Law 6 March 1998, no. 40
Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma,  n.59 del 12/03/1998
Regulation 

Law 5 February 1992, no. 104 Gazzetta Ufficiale, Roma, n.39, 17/02/1992, Supplemento ordinario
Frame law for the assistance, social integration and rights of disabled people.

Other

Agreement 5 August 2014,  no. 90

Agreement between Government, Regions and Local Authorities to implement a monitoring and evaluation system for Higher technical institutes pathways under article no. 14 of the decree of the President of the Council of Ministers of 25 January 2008 and the decree of the Minister of Education, University and Research, in agreement with the Minister of Labour and Social Policies, the Minister of Economic Development and the Minister of Economy and Finance of 7 February 2013. 

Agreement 6 February 2014, no. 11

Agreement between Government, Regions and Local Authorities on the National system on school buildings registers. 

Agreement 5 December 2013, no. 136

Agreement between Government, Regions and Local Authorities  on “Definition of guidelines for the lifelong guidance national system”. 

State-Regions Conference Agreement 20 December 2012, no. 252

Agreement on referencing the Italian qualifications system to the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) for lifelong learning  addressed in the Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council of  23 April 2008. 

Agreement 5 February 2009
The Agreement signed by the Ministries of Education and of Labour, the Regions and Autonomous Provinces, establishes times and procedures for the implementation of the second cycle of education in the regional vocational pathways as well as the relevant minimum standards for competences to be acquired.

Agreement 25 November 2004
Document drawn up by the Conferenza Unificata Stato-Regioni for the approval of the guidelines for 2004/06 planning of IFTS pathways and measures for the integration of education systems.
 
Agreement 28 October 2004
Agreement between the Ministries of Education and of Labour, the Regions and the Autonomous Provinces, on recurrent and final certifications and recognition of relevant credits obtained in the regional vocational training pathways. 

Ministerial Directive 18 September 2014, no. 11
Directive defining the action plan for the activities the Invalsi (National Institute for the evaluation of the education system) should carry out in the three-year period (2014/2015-2016/2017) for the evaluation of the education system, of schools and of levels of learning outcomes of students.

Ministerial Directive 16 January 2012, no. 4

Gazzetta Ufficiale n.76, 30-3-2012 - SO n. 60
Directive for the publication of the new Guidelines for the third, fourth and fifth year of technical upper secondary education.

Ministerial Directive 16 January 2012, no. 5
Gazzetta Ufficiale n.76, 30-3-2012 - SO n. 60
Directive for the publication of the new Guidelines for the third, fourth and fifth year of vocational upper secondary education.

Ministerial Directive 15 July 2010, no. 57
Directive providing guidelines for the curriculum of the first two years of studies in technical institutes, according to the reform of upper secondary education (DPR no. 88/2010 re-organising the upper secondary technical education).

Ministerial Directive 28 July 2010, no. 65
Directive providing guidelines for the curriculum of the first two years of studies in vocational institutes, according to the reform of upper secondary education (DPR no. 87/2010 re-organising the upper secondary vocational education).