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Italy:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

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Overview Italy

Contents

Italy:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Italy:Historical Development

Italy:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Italy:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Italy:Political and Economic Situation

Italy:Organisation and Governance

Italy:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Italy:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Italy:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Italy:Organisation of Private Education

Italy:National Qualifications Framework

Italy:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Italy:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Italy:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Italy:Funding in Education

Italy:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Italy:Higher Education Funding

Italy:Adult Education and Training Funding

Italy:Early Childhood Education and Care

Italy:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Italy:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Italy:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Italy:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Italy:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Italy:Primary Education

Italy:Organisation of Primary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Italy:Assessment in Primary Education

Italy:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Italy:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Italy:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Italy:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Italy:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Italy:Higher Education

Italy:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Italy:First Cycle Programmes

Italy:Bachelor

Italy:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Italy:Second Cycle Programmes

Italy:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Italy:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Italy:Adult Education and Training

Italy:Distribution of Responsibilities

Italy:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Italy:Main Providers

Italy:Main Types of Provision

Italy:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Italy:Teachers and Education Staff

Italy:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Italy:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Italy:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Italy:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Management and Other Education Staff

Italy:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Italy:Management Staff for Higher Education

Italy:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Italy:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Quality Assurance

Italy:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Italy:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Educational Support and Guidance

Italy:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Italy:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Italy:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Italy:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Italy:Mobility and Internationalisation

Italy:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Mobility in Higher Education

Italy:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Italy:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Italy:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Italy:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Italy:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Italy:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Italy:National Reforms in School Education

Italy:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Italy:National Reforms in Higher Education

Italy:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Italy:European Perspective

Italy:Legislation

Italy:Glossary

Administration and governance at central level

The Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) is responsible for the general administration at national level.

School education is organised at a decentralised level the the MIUR through the Regional School Offices (Uffici Scolastici Regionali, USR), which operate are organised at provincial level in the Local Offices (Ambiti territoriali). There are no decentralised offices of the MIUR at municipal level, nor are there any decentralised offices of the MIUR for higher education.

Furthermore, the MIUR has several bodies and agencies that operate at national level with representative, consultative, monitoring and evaluative functions.

The Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR)

The Ministry of education, university and research (MIUR) is headquartered in Rome. The Minister is in charge of determining policy with the help of a deputy-minister, undersecretaries and with the direct-collaboration offices including the Minister’s Cabinet, which co-ordinates the activities of the special advisers’ offices, the legislative office, the administrative office of the Ministry, the technical office and the press office.  

The MIUR is organised into three Departments. The heads of the departments are responsible for the results of the implementation of the Minister's stances.

The 'Department for the Education and Training System' is responsible for the general organisation of the school system, for defining educational and training objectives and the legal and economic status of school staff. The 'Department for the Planning and Management of Human, Financial and Capital Resources' is responsible for financial policy, procurement, administrative human resources in schools and managing information systems.

The 'Department for the Planning and Management of Human, Financial and Capital Resources' is responsible for financial policy, procurement, administrative human resources in schools and managing information systems.

The 'Department for Higher Education and Research' is responsible for higher education, specifically the guidance, general regulations and funding of universities; monitoring and evaluating universities and institutes of Higher Education in Art and Music  (AFAM); student status; implementation of EU and international legislation; support, planning and coordination of research activities at national, international and EU level.

The Regional School Offices (USRs)

The Regional School Office (Ufficio Scolastico Regionale, USR) is a branch of the Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR). Usually, it is divided into  Local Offices, depending on its duties and local requirements.

The USR oversees observance of general provisions on education and of the minimum performance requirements, the effectiveness of training actions and observance of standards. It takes care, within its local competences, of carrying out national policies for students. It also collaborates with the Regions and local authorities on the vocational training offer, adult education, higher technical education and training and school-labour market relationship. Moreover, it supervises non-state schools and foreign schools in Italy and allocates funds and human resources to single institutions. Finally, it verifies the effectiveness of the activities carried out by schools and evaluates on what extent schools have put their Educational offer plan (POF) into practice.

In some Regions with special statutes, the regulations on the organisation of Regional School Offices differ from the other Regions as the powers of the State authorities in their territories are limited. For instance, in Trentino-Alto Adige Region there are no state Regional School Offices and education is under the responsibility of the two provincial administrations, which have competences equivalent to the Regions.

The Local Offices, which operate at provincial level, are an internal division of the Regional School Office and have no autonomy.

Local Offices support and advise schools on administrative and accounting procedures and the planning and innovation of the educational offer. They monitor the implementation of provisions on school buildings and safety and deal with the integration of immigrant and special needs pupils, the promotion of student participation in schools and, in collaboration with municipalities, they monitor compliance with compulsory schooling. They also carry out any activities that are delegated to them by the head of the Regional School Office.

Other bodies and agencies

The Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) has several bodies and agencies operating at national level.

The Higher Council for Education (Consiglio superiore della Pubblica Istruzione), an advisory body which assists the Minister with the planning and supervision of education policy. It also submits proposals. It is made up of 36 members, 18 of them elected among teachers, school managers and school administration staff and 18 appointed by the Minister.

The National Institute for the Evaluation of the Education System (Istituto nazionale per la valutazione del sistema di istruzione, INVALSI): together with the Indire (see below) and the Inspectorate of the Ministry of education makes up the National evaluation system (Sistema nazionale di Valutazione - SNV).

The National Institute of Documentation, Innovation and Educational Research (Istituto Nazionale di Documentazione, Innovazione e Ricerca Educativa - Indire). From 1st September 2012 the Indire has replaced the National Agency for the Development of School Autonomy (Agenzia nazionale per lo sviluppo dell'autonomia scolastica - ANSAS).

Indire has its central office in Firenze and three peripheral offices in Torino, Roma and Napoli.

The Institute has a well-established experience in the fields of research and documentation in education and in the use of new technologies for in-service training of teachers, of the administrative, technical and auxiliary staff and of school managers. Its specific task within the National evaluation system is to support schools in their improvement and innovation process. Moreover, it takes part in international initiatives and collaborates with Regions and local authorities to carry out measures at national level within adult education and higher technical education and training  (IFTS).It collaborates with the Ministry for the yearly monitoring of the adult education offer.

The National institute for the analysis of public policies (Istituto nazionale per l'analisi delle politiche pubbliche - Inapp, former Isfol) is the reference body for research and monitoring, policy and guidance for three-year vocational education and training courses (IFP), falling under the responsibilities of the Regions. Inapp is a public research institute under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Labour and social policy. The Institute, in particular, works in the field of training, social policy and labour market. It promotes and carries out activities related to research, experimentation, documentation, information, evaluation and technical assistance. It provides technical and scientific support to the Ministry of Labour and to other Ministries, to the Regions and Provinces and to other national and international institutions, as well as for the actions of the European Social Fund programme.

At higher education level the National University Council (Consiglio Universitario Nazionale, CUN) and the National Council for Higher Education in Art and Music (Consiglio nazionale per l'Alta formazione artistica e musicale, CNAM), operate for universities and AFAM systems respectively. Both institutes formulate opinions and proposals on issues of general interest and, in particular, planning, approving university teaching regulations and the appointment of professors and researchers. The National Council of University Students (Consiglio Nazionale degli Studenti Universitari - CNSU) is the student representative body at national level, with a consultation and recommendation role for issues of general interest to the university sector.

Quality assurance at higher level is guaranteed through the National Agency for the evaluation of the university and research system (Agenzia nazionale per la valutazione del sistema universitario e della ricerca – ANVUR), a public body under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, University and Research.

Finally, the Conference of Rectors of Italian Universities (Conferenza dei Rettori delle Università italiane - CRUI) gives its opinion on the three-year plan drafted by the Ministry on the objectives for the university system and the allocation of financial resources.

Administration and governance at regional level

Regioni Italia.jpg

Source: http://comuni-italia.it

Italy is organised into 20 Regions, five of which enjoy a particularly high level of autonomy. Furthermore, Region Trentino Alto-Adige is made up of the Autonomous Provinces of Trento and Bolzano that have the same powers of the Regions.

The Regions have a joint legislative role along with the State on issues related to education. Conversely, they are solely responsible for the planning, management and provision of  vocational educational and training (IFP) through recognised institutions. Through the State/Regions Conference, the Regions work closely with the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labour that define the minimum national standards for the education system and the vocational education and training system. Regions' responsibilities include interventions aimed at a first placement in the world of work, including higher technical-vocational training, vocational specialisation and re-qualification, in-service training, etc. These interventions relate to all formative activities aimed at obtaining a training certificate, a higher level technical certificate, or a credit, but they don't lead to a qualification, although evidence can be provided and used towards the attainment of qualifications.

Moreover, the Regions have responsibility for the school network planning, based on provincial plans, the definition of the school calendar and funds destined to non-state schools and the right to study at university level.

Education and training issues within the jurisdiction of the Regions are handled by specific education offices (Assessorati) which name can vary in the different Regions.

The main responsibilities of the Regions concerning education and vocational training can be delegated to Provinces and Municipalities according to a trend that reserves to the Regions duties of guidance, planning and monitoring and fewer and fewer managing duties.