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Iceland:Higher Education

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Overview Iceland

Contents

Iceland:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Iceland:Historical Development

Iceland:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Iceland:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Iceland:Political and Economic Situation

Iceland:Organisation and Governance

Iceland:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Iceland:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Iceland:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Iceland:Organisation of Private Education

Iceland:National Qualifications Framework

Iceland:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Iceland:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Iceland:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Iceland:Funding in Education

Iceland:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Iceland:Higher Education Funding

Iceland:Adult Education and Training Funding

Iceland:Early Childhood Education and Care

Iceland:Organisation of Programmes for all Pre-Primary Education

Iceland:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for all Pre-Primary Education

Iceland:Assessment in Programmes for all Pre-Primary Education

Iceland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Iceland:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Iceland:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Iceland:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Iceland:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Iceland:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Iceland:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Iceland:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Iceland:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Iceland:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Iceland:Organisation of Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Iceland:Teaching and Learning in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Iceland:Assessment in Vocational and Technical Upper Secondary Education

Iceland:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Iceland:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Iceland:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Iceland:Higher Education

Iceland:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Iceland:First Cycle Programmes

Iceland:Bachelor

Iceland:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Iceland:Second Cycle Programmes

Iceland:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Iceland:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Iceland:Adult Education and Training

Iceland:Distribution of Responsibilities

Iceland:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Iceland:Main Providers

Iceland:Main Types of Provision

Iceland:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Iceland:Teachers and Education Staff

Iceland:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Iceland:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Iceland:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Iceland:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Iceland:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Iceland:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Iceland:Management and Other Education Staff

Iceland:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Iceland:Management Staff for Higher Education

Iceland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Iceland:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Iceland:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Iceland:Quality Assurance

Iceland:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Iceland:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Iceland:Educational Support and Guidance

Iceland:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Iceland:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Iceland:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Iceland:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Iceland:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Iceland:Mobility and Internationalisation

Iceland:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Mobility in Higher Education

Iceland:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Iceland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Iceland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Iceland:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Iceland:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Iceland:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Iceland:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Iceland:National Reforms in School Education

Iceland:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Iceland:National Reforms in Higher Education

Iceland:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Iceland:European Perspective

Iceland:Legislation

Iceland:Institutions

Iceland:Bibliography

Iceland:Glossary

The higher education level in Iceland comprises seven institutions, all of which are subject to the provisions of the Higher Education Institutions Act of 2006. In the Higher Education Institutions Act the Icelandic term háskóli is used to refer both to those higher education institutions which have a number of faculties, permanent research organization and undergraduate and graduate programmes, and those that do not have research responsibilities. 


The Higher Education Institution Act, enacted in July 2006, establishes the general framework for the activities of higher education institutions. The Ministry concludes performance-related contracts with all higher education institutions. 


The Public Higher Education Institutions Act describes rules and guidelines concerning the administration of each institution. Legislation on the Science and Technology Policy Council was enacted in 2003 with the purpose of strengthening science, research education and technical development in the country. A council appointed by the prime minister is to make policy declaration for science and technology for three-year periods. 


Under the Higher Education Act, the general objectives of higher education institutions are to serve as scientific research and educational institutions, to provide students with education preparing them for working independently in science, innovation and the arts and to fill the various employment positions in society that require higher education. Higher education institutions are also to educate the public and to serve society through their knowledge. More specific objectives are outlined in legislation on the individual institutions. 


A new Policy on Public Universities was introduced in 2010 to safeguard the activities of the public universities by establishing a collaborative network, with possibility of a merger. The policy and its agreements enables student at the public higher education institutions to structure their studies by taking courses at all the higher education institutions.