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Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Hungary

Contents

Hungary:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Hungary:Historical Development

Hungary:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Hungary:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Hungary:Political and Economic Situation

Hungary:Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Hungary:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Hungary:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Hungary:Organisation of Private Education

Hungary:National Qualifications Framework

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Hungary:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Funding in Education

Hungary:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Hungary:Higher Education Funding

Hungary:Adult Education and Training Funding

Hungary:Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Hungary:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Organisation of General Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Higher Education

Hungary:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Hungary:First Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Bachelor

Hungary:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Hungary:Second Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Hungary:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Hungary:Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Distribution of Responsibilities

Hungary:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Hungary:Main Providers

Hungary:Main Types of Provision

Hungary:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Hungary:Teachers and Education Staff

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Management and Other Education Staff

Hungary:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Hungary:Management Staff for Higher Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Quality Assurance

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Educational Support and Guidance

Hungary:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Hungary:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Hungary:Mobility and Internationalisation

Hungary:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Mobility in Higher Education

Hungary:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Hungary:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Hungary:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:National Reforms in School Education

Hungary:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Hungary:National Reforms in Higher Education

Hungary:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Hungary:European Perspective

Hungary:Legislation

Hungary:Institutions

Hungary:Bibliography

Hungary:Glossary

Definition of target groups

Pursuant to the laws, the group of pupils endangered by drop-out include those pupils:

  • whose average study result, excluding the evaluation and assessment of conduct and diligence, does not reach the average (3) level, if the pupil participates in basic level education, or the 2.5 level, if the pupil participates in secondary level education, or if the pupil shows a deterioriation of at least 1.1 in a term;
  • who receive a fail (1) mark in one or more subjects at mid-year or at the end of school-year when their knowledge is evaluated and assessed;
  • who receive a bad (2) mark at mid-year or at the end of school-year when their conduct is evaluated and assessed;
  • who receive a negligent (2) mark at mid-year or at the end of school-year when their diligence is evaluated and assessed;
  • who are obliged to repeat the school-year;
  • who have an unjustified absence exceeding 50 lessons and other classes for the data supply period;
  • who are private pupils at the request of the parent, or whose private pupil classification is in progress at the request of the parent;
  • who are refugees, under protection or seeking asylum pursuant to the act on the righ of sanctuary;
  • who are considered endangered children pursuant to the act on the protection of children;
  • or who are placed or taken into education on a temporary basis.

 

In addition to the above, the pupils for whom at least two of the following conditions are valid are also endangered by drop-out:

 

  • have an absence of over 100 lessons,
  • are pupils requiring special attention, excluding exceptionally gifted pupils,
  • receive regular child protection allowance,
  • participate in primary school education and over the age of 16,
  • enter secondary education over the age of 16.

 

Disadvantaged children/pupils are those who are eligible to a regular child protection allowance, have come of age, and come under one of the following conditions: 

  • low school attainment level of the parent or adoptive parent if it can be stated of both parents, the single parent raising the child or the adoptive parent, based on their voluntary statement, that they have completed maximum primary general education at the time of requesting regular child protection allowance, or
  • low employment level of the parent or adoptive parent if it can be stated of any of the parents raising the child or the adoptive parent that they are eligible to a social welfare benefit of working-age persons pursuant to Section 33 of the Act on Social Administration and Social Benefits at the time of requesting regular child protection allowance, or they are registered job seekers for at least 12 months within the 16 months prior to the date of requesting regular child protection allowance, or
  • insufficient dwelling environment or conditions of the child if it can be stated that the child lives in a segregated disadvantaged neighbourhood, as defined in the integrated urban development strategy of the municipality concerned, or in substandard housing or emergency dwelling, or in dwelling conditions where the conditions required for healthy development are provided only to a limited extent.
  • .

 

Children/pupils with multiple disadvantages: 

  • those who are eligible to a regular child protection allowance, have come of age, and come under at least two of the conditions determined for the disadvantaged, situation; 
  • children/pupils in public care, 
  • pupils and young adults in student status who are in after-care.

 

Support measures

 

Support measures for disadvantaged, multiply disadvantaged children, pupils endangered by drop-out

Sure Start Centres

Sure Start Children Centres operate in the most disadvantaged micro-regions of Hungary. In these Children Centres, operating as a part of cross-sectoral micro-regional programmes, experts help children at the earliest possible age to overcome disadvantages. They help children with kindergarten and school life as well as their school performance, and they also offer assistance in job seeking for the parents.

 

Early indication and support system for pupils endangered by drop-out

Arany János Programmes

Arany János Talent Fostering Programme aims at enabling disadvantaged pupils within the frame of the coordinated talent fostering programme of the dormitory and secondary school to start and accomplish upper secondary education and then preferably enter higher education.

Arany János Talent Fostering Dormitory Programme is based on the cooperation of schools and dormitories, developing key competences to prepare disadvantaged pupils for starting and accomplishing upper secondary education and enter higher education or the labour market.

Arany János Talent Fostering Dormitory – Vocational School Programme aims at efficiently helping the reduction of early drop-out, as well as helping dormitories and vocational schools allow multiply disadvantaged pupils to obtain a competitive occupation in an inclusive teaching environment, ny means of differentiated organisation of learning and with the help of career orientation.  

"For the Road" (Útravaló) scholarship scheme is to provide financial support and mentoring for disadvantaged pupils to enable them to enter and accomplish upper secondary education in the following sub-programmes:

  • 'Road to upper secondary school'
  • 'Road to upper secondary school leaving examination'
  • 'Road to vocational qualification' 

Tanoda programmes:

Tanoda learning centres, operated by NGOs and churches, offer non-formal and informal learning and connect these to formal education. The aim of the programme is to promote the school progress of disadvantaged, multiply disadvantaged and migrant pupils in grades 5-12.