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Hungary:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

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Overview Hungary

Contents

Hungary:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Hungary:Historical Development

Hungary:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Hungary:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Hungary:Political and Economic Situation

Hungary:Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Hungary:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Hungary:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Hungary:Organisation of Private Education

Hungary:National Qualifications Framework

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Hungary:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Funding in Education

Hungary:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Hungary:Higher Education Funding

Hungary:Adult Education and Training Funding

Hungary:Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Hungary:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Organisation of General Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Higher Education

Hungary:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Hungary:First Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Bachelor

Hungary:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Hungary:Second Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Hungary:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Hungary:Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Distribution of Responsibilities

Hungary:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Hungary:Main Providers

Hungary:Main Types of Provision

Hungary:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Hungary:Teachers and Education Staff

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Management and Other Education Staff

Hungary:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Hungary:Management Staff for Higher Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Quality Assurance

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Educational Support and Guidance

Hungary:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Hungary:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Hungary:Mobility and Internationalisation

Hungary:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Mobility in Higher Education

Hungary:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Hungary:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Hungary:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:National Reforms in School Education

Hungary:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Hungary:National Reforms in Higher Education

Hungary:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Hungary:European Perspective

Hungary:Legislation

Hungary:Institutions

Hungary:Bibliography

Hungary:Glossary

Adult learning may take place at mainstream schools, higher education institutions and also at adult training providers outside the school system. Earlier it used to have the function of providing a second chance and compensation for missing qualification; nowadays it is rather a form of lifelong learning.

The new Adult Training Act applies to 4 fields of training:

  • vocational training programmes listed in the National Qualifications Register
  • publicly funded vocational training programmes not listed in the National Qualifications Register
  • general language courses and publicly funded other language courses
  • publicly funded other training courses.

Other training programmes not belonging to the above categories (e.g. certain sector specific in-service training, internal training courses of churches, publicly not funded courses) do not fall under the scope of the Act.

The regulation has introduced stricter requirements of quality assurance among a wider range of training programmes and providers. Adult training providers (i.e. those offering the types of training listed above) have to establish and operate a quality assurance system in compliance with the quality assurance framework – this is a condition of obtaining an operating licence.

The authorization to operate is granted for an unlimited time by the national authority (National Office of Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning) and remains valid until revoked. The authority involves an expert committee in the authorization procedure and keeps a register of authorized training providers. The register contains data on institutions and the training courses provided by them. There is also a register of institutions with their operating licence partly or fully revoked. The operating licence can only be granted to training providers that have training programmes certified by an adult training expert, adequate personnel and facilities and a quality assurance system with quantifiable and verifiable objectives.

The authority inspects compliance with adult training regulations every two years or every year in case of new training providers. The law also obliges training providers to have their activities evaluated by external evaluators every two years.

Relevant legislation:

Act LXXVII of 2013 on Adult Training

Ministerial decree 58/2013 (XII.13) NGM on the adult training quality framework and the Adult Training Expert Committee


Responsible bodies

Evaluation and inspection are undertaken by country-level organisation under the supervision of the minister responsible for vocational education and training and adult training. 

The National Office of Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning is a national authority handling requests for operating licences and organising the authorization procedure. It also has the right to inspect adult training providers and compile a report on the findings of the inspection for the minister responsible for vocational and adult training.

The Adult Training Expert Committee is the consultative and advisory body of the National Office of Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning. It has six members, including at least four adult training or adult training programme experts. The Committee examines that the quality assurance systems of adult training providers are compliant with the quality assurance framework defined in the ministerial decree. It also recommends experts for participating in the authorization of individual training providers and experts participating in inspection. Its chair and members are appointed and removed by the minister and their appointment is for four years.


Approaches and Methods for Quality Assurance

The Adult Training Act and related ministerial decrees regulate the quality assurance system of adult training in detail. It consists of registration, authorization to operate (granting an operating licence), legality checks and inspection by authorities; and continuous professional development, operating a quality management system, self-assessment and provision of information by training providers. The accreditation of providers and programmes (under the earlier Adult Training Act) has been replaced by the authorization to operate, for which providers have to have an adequate quality assurance system in place.

Before granting an operational licence, the training programme of providers is assessed by a team of registered adult training experts or adult training programme experts nominated by the Adult Training Expert Committee. The team of experts verify the request submitted by the provider and the feasibility of the training programme and check if the requirements for providing adult training are met on site.

In addition, the National Office of Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning inspects the activities of training providers every two years.

When submitting a request for an operating licence, quality objectives have to be specified for each training programme (e.g. final results of students, estimated drop-out rate, results of satisfaction surveys), which have to be reviewed by the provider annually. Furthermore, an external evaluation of the activities has to be organised every two years.

The quality assurance system relies on the self-assessment of training providers to a large extent: it requires continuous development in terms of training, infrastructure and human resources. Providers have to meet the following quality requirements:

  • to develop a comprehensive quality policy and strategy in order to assure the quality of the training provided
  • to establish formal internal procedures for approving the launch of, monitoring and internally evaluating training programmes
  • to develop procedures for the continuous professional development and appraisal of trainers
  • to ensure the resources necessary for the implementation of its training programmes
  • to collect, analyse and use information to ensure the efficiency of training
  • to publish up-to-date, objective quantitative and qualitative information on its website concerning the training provided

Adult training providers have to establish their own internal quality assurance system in accordance with the (national) quality assurance framework. The internal quality assurance system includes a quality policy document containing the strategy and roles and responsibilities, and a quality assurance document containing procedures for planning and reviewing training programmes and curricula, for ensuring the necessary infrastructure and human resources and for receiving and using feedback from training participants and labour market players. For the purpose of feedback, participants fill in satisfaction questionnaires, some elements of which are regulated by law. Results of the satisfaction questionnaires are planned to be recorded in the national adult training information system in the future.

Providers can launch training courses in compliance with the earlier Adult Training Act until 31 March 2015 if they were accredited after 1 January 2013.