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Hungary:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Hungary

Contents

Hungary:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Hungary:Historical Development

Hungary:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Hungary:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Hungary:Political and Economic Situation

Hungary:Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Hungary:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Hungary:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Hungary:Organisation of Private Education

Hungary:National Qualifications Framework

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Hungary:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Funding in Education

Hungary:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Hungary:Higher Education Funding

Hungary:Adult Education and Training Funding

Hungary:Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Hungary:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Organisation of General Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Higher Education

Hungary:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Hungary:First Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Bachelor

Hungary:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Hungary:Second Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Hungary:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Hungary:Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Distribution of Responsibilities

Hungary:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Hungary:Main Providers

Hungary:Main Types of Provision

Hungary:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Hungary:Teachers and Education Staff

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Management and Other Education Staff

Hungary:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Hungary:Management Staff for Higher Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Quality Assurance

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Educational Support and Guidance

Hungary:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Hungary:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Hungary:Mobility and Internationalisation

Hungary:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Mobility in Higher Education

Hungary:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Hungary:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Hungary:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:National Reforms in School Education

Hungary:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Hungary:National Reforms in Higher Education

Hungary:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Hungary:European Perspective

Hungary:Legislation

Hungary:Institutions

Hungary:Bibliography

Hungary:Glossary

Pupil and Student Mobility

Erasmus+ is the new programme of the European Union covering education, training, youth and sport, replacing several ongoing programmes. It aims at promoting the improvement of skills and employability and supporting the modernisation of education, training and youth work. Erasmus+ provides opportunities for more than 4 million European citizens to study abroad, participate in training, gain work experience or volunteer. In Hungary, a total of 2398 mobility took place in school education in 2014, 1376 of which was student mobility.

In the Julianus School Twinning Programme, a call for proposals published for schools in the neighbouring countries provides opportunities for Hungarian pupils living outside the country to get to know the life and culture of the regions of Hungary and of other countries in the Carpathian Basin. Participation in the programme enables their schools to establish or maintain institutional cooperation as well as professional and personal contact. The call supports the visits of Hungarian secondary schools based outside Hungary to other secondary schools in Hungary or other countries of the Carpathian Basin or in their own region (schools based in settlements with a smaller Hungarian population visiting schools based in a settlement with a larger Hungarian population and vice versa). Eligibility is regulated by Act LXII of 2001 on Hungarians Living in Neighbouring States (1. § (1)).

Teacher Mobility

In the KA1 mobility programme of ERASMUS+ teachers visit a partner school abroad to teach students or hold workshops for the teaching staff to assist with their professional development (participating in training course abroad; job shadowing at a partner school or other organisation active in school education abroad). The programme also focuses on dissemination and the influence on schools, i.e. the aim is not only to improve the professional skills of individual teachers but also to assist the development of schools. In 2014 466 teachers received a total of 1,039,585 Euros. 332 of the supported visits involved participating at training courses abroad and 134 involved teaching or holding workshops at schools abroad.

The majority of applicants were interested in training courses related to foreign language learning and teaching (79%), but the topic of new technologies/digital competences were also popular (38%).

Similarly to the previous programme period, in 2014 the United Kingdom and Germany were the most popular destinations for Hungarian teachers.

 Most applications were submitted by basic schools (but the majority of mobility is implemented by multi-purpose institutions) and kindergartens submitted a relatively low number of applications that year.

 Hungary has been participating in the further training activities of the Pestalozzi Programme since 1994. The Programme functions as a network: the member states organise workshops lasting a maximum of 7 days in relation to the topics of the projects of the Council of Europe, for which teachers from all member states may apply to participate. In addition to professional development, these workshops enable participants to work in a foreign language and establish connections and future cooperation.

In 2014 six Hungarian applicants participated in the workshops of the programme, which mainly focused on democracy and human rights (tackling discrimination and prejudice and mediation at school).