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Hungary:Mobility and Internationalisation

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Overview Hungary

Contents

Hungary:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Hungary:Historical Development

Hungary:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Hungary:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Hungary:Political and Economic Situation

Hungary:Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Hungary:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Hungary:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Hungary:Organisation of Private Education

Hungary:National Qualifications Framework

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Hungary:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Funding in Education

Hungary:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Hungary:Higher Education Funding

Hungary:Adult Education and Training Funding

Hungary:Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Hungary:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Organisation of General Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Higher Education

Hungary:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Hungary:First Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Bachelor

Hungary:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Hungary:Second Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Hungary:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Hungary:Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Distribution of Responsibilities

Hungary:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Hungary:Main Providers

Hungary:Main Types of Provision

Hungary:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Hungary:Teachers and Education Staff

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Management and Other Education Staff

Hungary:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Hungary:Management Staff for Higher Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Quality Assurance

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Educational Support and Guidance

Hungary:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Hungary:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Hungary:Mobility and Internationalisation

Hungary:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Mobility in Higher Education

Hungary:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Hungary:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Hungary:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:National Reforms in School Education

Hungary:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Hungary:National Reforms in Higher Education

Hungary:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Hungary:European Perspective

Hungary:Legislation

Hungary:Institutions

Hungary:Bibliography

Hungary:Glossary

The pedagogical and methodological efforts to create a modern interpretation of the European dimension and for introduce it into public education started in the first half of the 1980’s, based on the initiation of the Council of Europe. In the European Union this issue was put on the agenda of the political decision-makers and policy designers in the late 1980’s, primarily due to enhancement of the integration process towards political areas.

From the beginning of the 1990’s until 2004, the development and modernisation of Hungarian education were mainly shaped by the OECD accession in 1996, and later by the preparation process for joining the EU, in the framework of which the economic, cultural and intellectual conditions of the integration had to be established. A key objective was to focus on the very specific tools of education and training that facilitate Hungary’s European integration.  Hungary has been a member of the European Union since 2004.

In recent years, in order to respond to the challenges of globalisation, the Hungarian government has increased its efforts to enhance international educational cooperation with countries in South-Eastern Europe, Asia and South-America, either in the form of bilateral agreements or international cooperation.

Strategic objectives and policy tools

The European Council developed a growth strategy for 2020. One of the main objectives of the strategic document, titled Education and training 2020 is lifelong learning and mobility.  In order to achieve this, lifelong learning strategies need to be implemented and national qualifications frameworks and flexible learning tools need to be developed that are linked to the European Qualifications Framework. Mobility must be enhanced and the European Quality Charter for Mobility must be applied.

In the period of 2007-2013, the European Structural Fund supported mobility in the framework of the Lifelong learning programme, whereas in the 2014-2020 period in the framework of the Erasmus + programme. In the new programme 40% more EU funds were allocated to this purpose than in the previous period. The allocations of the previous period gave 86,000 people the chance to gain experience abroad. 29,000 students participated in the student mobility programme, and nearly 10,000 in the teacher mobility programme. In the Comenius programme, focusing on public education, 150 kindergartens and 9,400 schools were engaged in international cooperation programmes, and 22,000 students and teachers participated in the mobility programme. The Leonardo da Vinci vocational training programme enabled over 17,000 people to carry out an internship or a study tour abroad. The Grundtvig adult education programme implemented 770 mobility projects, involving 5,000 participants.

In the implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy, Hungary will use the support of the Structural Funds to improve student and teacher mobility, ensuring equal opportunities and access. 

Additional strategic objectives include the strengthening of the international competitiveness of higher education as well as the increase of the number of foreign students. In order to achieve this aim, foreign language programmes will be assessed, developed and scholarship schemes will be created targeting foreign students.

A further strategic objective is to promote cooperation with the neighbouring countries in the field of education, especially in minority education, since there is a high number of minorities living in Hungary and Hungarian minorities living in the neighbouring countries.

Education regulation creates the legal framework for the recognition of courses followed abroad as part of the Hungarian studies. (see European Qualifications Framework, Europass, etc.)

In order to implement the European efforts, Hungary adopted a public education development strategy in 2014, which foresees several interventions:

  • Supporting the assessment and establishment of the preconditions for mobility (e.g.: language, cultural).
  • For the professional development of teachers the accreditation and provision of additional training supporting mobility must be ensured.
  • Implementing mobility schemes for teachers not teaching languages in order to expand their set of teaching methods and to familiarise themselves with best practices of public education;
  • Supporting the employment of foreign language guest teachers in Hungarian schools.
  • Establishment of infocommunication platforms promoting international relations as well the creation of relevant IT systems.
  • Supporting visits to establish and enhance international cooperation and partnerships.
  • Supporting participation in international events focusing on education.
  • Supporting the international mobility of students of teacher training programmes and teachers.

An additional important objective is to increase the European professional experience of Hungarian teachers. In order to achieve this goal, it is important to link the recognised Hungarian qualifications in teacher training and further training programmes with similar European programmes.

In addition to the public education development strategy, the Hungarian government adopted a framework strategy on lifelong learning in Autumn 2014. In this document, objectives include the establishment and enhancement of education partnerships and networks as well as the continuous professional development of educators and trainers engaged in adult education. 

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