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Hungary:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

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Overview Hungary

Contents

Hungary:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Hungary:Historical Development

Hungary:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Hungary:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Hungary:Political and Economic Situation

Hungary:Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Hungary:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Hungary:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Hungary:Organisation of Private Education

Hungary:National Qualifications Framework

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Hungary:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Funding in Education

Hungary:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Hungary:Higher Education Funding

Hungary:Adult Education and Training Funding

Hungary:Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Hungary:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Organisation of General Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Higher Education

Hungary:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Hungary:First Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Bachelor

Hungary:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Hungary:Second Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Hungary:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Hungary:Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Distribution of Responsibilities

Hungary:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Hungary:Main Providers

Hungary:Main Types of Provision

Hungary:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Hungary:Teachers and Education Staff

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Management and Other Education Staff

Hungary:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Hungary:Management Staff for Higher Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Quality Assurance

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Educational Support and Guidance

Hungary:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Hungary:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Hungary:Mobility and Internationalisation

Hungary:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Mobility in Higher Education

Hungary:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Hungary:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Hungary:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:National Reforms in School Education

Hungary:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Hungary:National Reforms in Higher Education

Hungary:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Hungary:European Perspective

Hungary:Legislation

Hungary:Institutions

Hungary:Bibliography

Hungary:Glossary

Bilateral Agreements

The Ministry responsible for education, culture and sports, has concluded bilateral agreements in the field of education and culture with more than 150 countries. The intergovernmental agreements do not include specific tasks, these are specified in the work plans, which contain scholarship schemes, researchers’ mobility and other cooperation opportunities in science. Hungary has permanent working relationship with about 100 countries. The Department for Bilateral Relations in Education, under the supervision of the Deputy State Secretary responsible for International and EU affairs is responsible for maintaining bilateral cooperation.

Bilateral educational work plans (cooperation programmes) specify the quotas and conditions of scholarships offered to Hungarians studying or teaching abroad of foreign students/lecturers studying/teaching in Hungary. There are several types of scholarship including participating in study visits ranging from a few days to several months, summer universities, where the main objective is language learning, full degree courses (5-6 years of university studies), partial degree courses (1-2 semesters) and PhD degree programmes (3 years).

 Cooperation and Participation in Worldwide Programmes and Organisations

Most importantly, Hungary participates in cooperation in the field of education within the Council of the European Union, the Directorate-General for Education and Culture, the Directorate for Education of the OECD, UNESCO and the Council of Europe. Furthermore, it takes part in the international assessment organised by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), in organising Student Olympics and in the work of international organisations for teachers, teacher trainers, researchers and parents. In the following, there are some of the activities that Hungary has been actively participating in.

Cooperation with member states of the European Union and the European Commission in the Open Method of Cooperation

Cooperation in the establishment of the European Qualifications Framework

One of the most significant fields for cooperation is the European Qualifications Framework (EQF). Hungary joined the EU-level activities early on and in 2006 hosted a European conference proposed by the European Commission. The conference summarised the findings of the European consultation, with the aim to reach a consensus between international actors, governments, renowned experts and users concerning the main principles and next national and European steps in policy making that are necessary for the establishment of the EQF. It was decided in a Government decree (2069/2008) issued in 2008 to join the European Qualifications Framework and develop a National Qualifications Framework (NQF) in accordance with the EQF. In January 2011, a Government Decree set up a Task Force with the objective to organise the sectoral, subsectoral classification of the NQF as well as the consultation between various stakeholders and social partners. In 2012, the government defined the tasks necessary to introduce the NQF and its time schedule. The development of the NQF was funded by the European Structural Funds. In 2015, the compliance process took place, in the framework of which compared the levels of NQF with those in EQF, and stated that the required learning outcomes of the various levels are compliant with each other. The official EQF platform lists all of the member states that finished this compliance exercise and makes the link to their report accessible. After this procedure, every new diploma, certificate and Europass document will indicate the NQF and the EQF level achieved.

Cooperation with the OECD

Hungary joined the OECD in 1996. Since then Hungary has taken part in the OECD’s programmes related to education, such as the country assessments run by CERI (Centre for Education, Research and Innovation) and the thematic projects, of which Hungary has taken part in the analyses about early childhood education and care, teachers, special needs education, VET, leadership and pupils’ assessment.

A significant field of cooperation with the OECD is participation in the INES (Indicators of Education Systems) programme. It includes statistical data provision for the annual publication of Education at a Glance and undertaking ad hoc, and survey sampling. Data collection activities in the past years include: OECD-INES NESLI: DEVELOPING TEACHERS' KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS QUESTIONNAIRE, OECD-INES NESLI Quick Survey on Funding Formulae, OECD-INES NESLI QUESTIONNAIRE: SCHOOL EVALUATION AND TEACHER AND SCHOOL LEADER APPRAISAL, Eurydice-OECD Joint Instruction Time Data Collection, OECD-INES NESLI Survey on the Feasibility of Gathering Tertiary Faculty Salaries, INES Informal Working Group (Sub-national) Quick Survey, INES: SURVEY 2013 TO ESTIMATE UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION COMPLETION RATES, OECD-INES NESLI QUESTIONNAIRE: EVALUATION AND ASSESSMENT, OECD-INES NESLI quick survey on the availability of data on the distribution of the teachers’ population by different levels of educational attainment, OECD-INES NESLI Survey on Tertiary Faculty Salaries, INES: Questionnaire Trends ISCED 2011.

Due to the economic downturn, Hungary can participate in fewer OECD projects at present, therefore Hungary was unable to participate at the latest thematic large sample assessments. (TALIS 2013, PIAAC 2012).  Since 2000 Hungary has taken part in the PISA programme (Programme of International Student Assessment), which assesses every three years fifteen-year–old students’ competences in reading, mathematics and sciences. Since 2000, Hungary has been participating in the PISA (Programme of International Student Assessment) study carried out every three years, assessing the literacy, mathematics and science competences of 12 year olds. Furthermore, Hungary is also engaged in other assessments, such as TIMMS, PIRLS.

Cooperation in education research

CIDREE (Consortium of Institutions for Development and Research in Education) is an organisation creating a network of education research institutions. The organisation was established in 1990, has now 18 members, including Hungary (The Hungarian Institute for Educational Research and Development). Its objective is to promote network-based learning, and organises expert meetings, conferences, and implements joint projects. In 2015, Hungary hosts the organisation’s annual conference and edits and publishes the CIDREE yearbook titled: Improving Literacy Skills across Learning in Upper Secondary Education.