This page was last modified on 23 December 2016, at 14:18.

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Hungary

Contents

Hungary:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Hungary:Historical Development

Hungary:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Hungary:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Hungary:Political and Economic Situation

Hungary:Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Hungary:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Hungary:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Hungary:Organisation of Private Education

Hungary:National Qualifications Framework

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Hungary:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Hungary:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Hungary:Funding in Education

Hungary:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Hungary:Higher Education Funding

Hungary:Adult Education and Training Funding

Hungary:Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:Single Structure Education (Integrated Primary and Lower Secondary Education)

Hungary:Organisation of Single Structure Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Assessment in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Single Structure Education

Hungary:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Organisation of General Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in General Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Hungary:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Hungary:Higher Education

Hungary:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Hungary:First Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Bachelor

Hungary:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Hungary:Second Cycle Programmes

Hungary:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Hungary:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Hungary:Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Distribution of Responsibilities

Hungary:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Hungary:Main Providers

Hungary:Main Types of Provision

Hungary:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Hungary:Teachers and Education Staff

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Management and Other Education Staff

Hungary:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Hungary:Management Staff for Higher Education

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Hungary:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Quality Assurance

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Hungary:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Educational Support and Guidance

Hungary:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Hungary:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Hungary:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Hungary:Mobility and Internationalisation

Hungary:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Mobility in Higher Education

Hungary:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Hungary:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Hungary:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Hungary:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Hungary:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Hungary:National Reforms in School Education

Hungary:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Hungary:National Reforms in Higher Education

Hungary:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Hungary:European Perspective

Hungary:Legislation

Hungary:Institutions

Hungary:Bibliography

Hungary:Glossary


Regional Level

General Education

The sector level governance and administration of public education (general education) lies with the Ministry of Human Resources (State Secretariat for Education). The sector level governance and governance of vocational training and adult education lies with the Ministry of National Economy (State Secretariat for Employment Policy). The two Ministries have joint responsibility over vocational training within the school system.

 

New education administration system under the Public Education Act

The new Public Education Act adopted in 2011 extends the competence of the Minister for public education in education administration in line with the public administration reform. Previously, educational institutions had been operated (maintained) by municipalities under Act LXV of 1990 (Act on Municipalities) but recently the state, in accordance with the new public administration concept and with Act CLXXXVIII of 2012 and the amendment of the Act on Municipalities, has taken over the schools operated by the municipalities. The takeover does not affect the right to operate non-state schools or the freedom to establish schools.

Pursuant to the new Public Education Act, municipalities are obliged to maintain kindergartens only. To operate state-maintained schools, the government has established a national school maintenance centre (Klebelsberg Institution Maintenance Centre) with 198 school districts operating under its direction from January 2013. As of 30 November 2015, the national institution maintenance centre was restructured. Instead of the former district level school maintenance centres, 58 regional school maintenance centres will be formed. The Klebelsberg Institution Maintenance Centre (Klik) will take over the operational duties of the public education institutions operated by the municipalities.

Duties of operation and institution maintenance:

The duties of the operator of the public education institution (as of 1 January 2017, these will also be performed by Klebelsberg Institution Maintenance Centre) include the proper operation, maintenance of the real property of the public education institution; the payment of the public burdens, costs, fees; the assets protection of the real property; the ordering, handover and acceptance, warehousing and reordering of the tools, learning aids, materials, goods, services required for the proper and safe provision of public education tasks. Furthermore, the duties of the operator include preserving the conditions of the public education institution’s building.

National institution maintenance includes the exercising of the employer’s rights in the public education institution, the decision making in relation to the organisation of professional-pedagogic work, as well as the provision of the necessary human and material conditions.

KLIK decides on the financial management competence, reorganisation, termination of the public education institution, or about the transfer of the maintenance rights, the name of the institution, its budget, rules of charges, tuition fees, social discounts. KLIK makes a recommendation to the minister about the decision on the establishment, reorganisation or termination of the public education institution, cooperates in the preparation of the decision, and prior to making the proposal, obtains the consent and opinion of the party entitled to provide such according to the legal regulations. It is the duty of KLIK to prepare and send to the minister the documents of the employer’s measure related to the appointment, assignment and revocation of assignment of the director of the public education institution. KLIK enforces the requirements of regular and effective financial management of the public education institutions’ resources, especially the payment appropriation, approved headcount and the property managed or used by the institution.

The State Secretariats responsible for public education and vocational training draft the relevant bills and government decrees, develop strategies and policies, and issue ministerial decrees that regulate the operation of institutions. These are binding for all operators and institutions.


Sector level governance of school education and vocational training

The Minister responsible for education:

  • prepares the education budget, including the budget for vocational training within the school system (except for extracurricular practical training),
  • sets out the organisation of the school year in a decree,
  • prepares the National Core Curriculum and National Core Programme for Kindergartens set out by government decree,
  • prepares the framework curricula for each programme type,
  • sets out secondary school leaving examination rules and requirements,
  • organises the upper secondary entrance examination and the upper secondary school leaving examination,
  • provides the framework for in-service teacher training courses,
  • organises the national assessment of basic competences,
  • approves school textbooks,
  • maintains the information system of school education,
  • initiates a procedure in cases of complaints regarding service quality, when the operator fails to act to satisfaction,
  • maintains international contacts in education.

The Minister responsible for vocational training:

  • maintains the National Qualifications Register set out by government decree,
  • sets out the technical and examination criteria of vocational qualifications,
  • operates the network of career guidance institutions,
  • finances vocational training schools and regional integrated vocational training centres,
  • prepares the framework curricula of vocational training,
  • organises vocational examination and issues examination rules,
  • provides professional control of vocational training schools and examination centres,
  • operates the vocational training, career guidance and career tracking information system.

The Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry:

  • elaborates the qualification and examination criteria of vocational qualifications to be issued by the Minister for vocational training in a decree,
  • controls the compliance with the Vocational Training Act of apprenticeship contracts concluded by employers,
  • performs quality control of vocational training.

The State Secretariat for Education is supported in the above tasks by the Educational Authority. In its competence, the Educational Authority performs the following with national scope:

  • operates the whole range of educational and pedagogical counselling services for the public education institutions maintained by the state within the frameworks of performing public education duties, 
  • develops and operates the information and process-supporting IT systems required for the performance of the pedagogic services,
  • operates and develops the system of national pedagogical assessment system,
  • operates and develops the national system of counselling,
  • organises the specialisation, course unit and course unit management system,
  • elaborates and implements accredited or non-accredited specialist trainings,
  • organises study competitions and teacher information on the basis of standard rules of procedure,
  • performs the duties related to pedagogic career system and supervision procedures.

The regional pedagogical education centres of the Educational Authority perform the local duties of the Authority related to educational and pedagogical counselling services:

  • operation of the specialisation and course unit management network,
  • assignment of educational advisors,
  • teacher information activity,
  • educational administrative information activity,
  • pedagogical assessment duties,
  • organisation of specialist training, professional conferences, information sessions,
  • organisation of study competitions,
  • information and counselling for students,
  • system-level support of students endangered by dropping out,
  • the nationality educational and pedagogical counselling services.

 

Higher education

Act CCIV of 2012 grants higher education institutions full professional autonomy in governance and administration of their institution. Sector level governance of higher education is the responsibility of the Minister for Human Resources. Governance tasks include the development of the higher education, R&D and innovation policies, dialogue between stakeholders in higher education as well as the development of science and employment policy.
The Minister:

  • prepares legal regulations on higher education policy,
  • prepares the higher education budget,
  • determines the number of state scholarships (state-funded places) every year for each institution and discipline,
  • operates the higher education information system,
  • operates the career tracking system,
  • oversees the lawful operation of non-state higher education institutions, and
  • operates a professional supervision system.

The Minister also fulfils governing duties deriving from the rights of the operator in case of state maintained higher education institutions. In this role, the Minister may pass a resolution on the basis of an expert opinion in issues such as allowing establishment or transformation of a higher education institution. In state maintained higher education institutions, the Minister exercises employer’s rights above the heads of institutions except for appointment and dismissal.
The Hungarian Higher Education Accreditation Committee takes part in the accreditation process of higher education institutions and certain higher education programmes. The Higher Education Planning Board assists the Minister in the long-term development of higher education.