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Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

According to the Greek Constitution (article 16), higher education is provided exclusively by institutions which are legal entities of public law, enjoying full self-administration and academic freedom; they are subject to state supervision and are financed by the government.  No private Higher Education Institutions exist in the country.  Branches of foreign universities operate as Colleges (Kollegia), which belong to post-secondary non-tertiary education. 

Since 2001, Higher Education is divided into two sectors:

  • the University Sector, including Universities (Panepistimio), National Technical Universities and the Higher School of Fine Arts. The Universities give emphasis to high quality education according to the demands of science, technology and arts taking into account the international scientific practice and the corresponding professional fields.
  • the Technological Sector, including Technological Educational Institutes (TEIs) (Techonologiko Ekpaideftiko Idryma) and the School of Pedagogical and Technological Education (ASPETE).  The Technological Educational Institutes (TEI) give emphasis to high quality education as well as to the applied character of science, technology and arts in the corresponding professional fields.  Within this framework, they promote the development of the appropriate theoretical background together with the development of high standard practice.

The consultation on the geographical and administrative reorganisation of the academic map of higher education was recently completed and the final decisions of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs have been announced (2013).  In this context :

a) two universities (University of Western Greece, University of Central Greece) are abolished and their academic units are transferred in other Institutions

b) general education departments as well non-active departments are abolished

c) several departments are consolidated, while others are renamed

d) all departments are integrated into faculties and within this context, if necessary, new faculties are being set up

There are twenty-two (22) University Sector Institutions (Universities, Technical Universities, the Higher School of Fine Arts) in the country, including the Hellenic Open University and the International Hellenic University.

The Hellenic Open University is an independent and fully self-governed Higher Education Institution in the form of legal entity under public law.  Its seat is in Patras with various branches in different cities around Greece.  Its mission is to provide distance undergraduate and postgraduate education and training.  Its operation is governed by Law 2552/1997.

The International University of Greece with registered offices in Thessaloniki is an independent and fully self-governed Higher Education Institution. It is a legal entity of public law, operating under state supervision.  Its mission is to provide higher education mostly to foreigners interested in studying in Greece.  In order to fulfill its mission, it designs and implements undergraduate and postgraduate curricula, combining in-class attendance and distance education.

Pursuant to Law 3187/2003, the Military Educational Institutions of the Ministry of National Defense offer University level education.  Since 2007-2008, Higher Ecclesiastical Schools operate as Higher Ecclesiastical Academies equal to Universities, pursuant to Law 3432/2006.

In 2001, TEIs were integrated in higher education (higher education Technological Sector) and, since then, their organisation and operation has been governed by the same constitutional provisions applying in Universities.  In 2002, the Technological Sector incorporated the School of Pedagogical and Technological Education (ASPETE), established in Athens to substitute the former School of Vocational and Technical Teacher Training Institute.  It includes five departments of engineering educators of various specialisations, as well as a general department of education, offering pedagogical training to higher education graduates of various specialisations.

Nowadays, there are 14 TEIs throughout the country including ASPETE.

By Law 3450/2006, Merchant Naval Academies are recognised as equivalent to TEIs.  The relevant provision is applicable for students having entered the Merchant Naval Academies (first grade) as of the academic year 2005-06.

Lastly, the Constitution stipulates that "Vocational and any other special training is provided by the State in institutions of Higher Learning", stressing at the same time that duration of studies in these schools should not exceed three years.

The following non-university Institutions of Tertiary Education fall under this category:

  • the Higher Schools for Dance and Theatre, under the Ministry of Culture and Sports,
  • the Higher Schools for Tourism Education, under the Ministry of Finance, Infrastructure, Shipping and Tourism,
  • the Higher Schools for Petty Officers, under the Ministry of National Defence and
  • the Higher School for Policemen, under the Ministry of Public Order and Citizen Protection.