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Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

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Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

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Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

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Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

Organisation of Doctoral Studies

The responsibility for planning and organising third cycle study programmes is in the competence of the University(Panepistimio). The third cycle programme consists of attendance of doctoral studies programme, which includes for each studies programme, courses that correspond to at least 30 credits, and the writing of a doctoral dissertation. It is completed in minimum of three years with the award of the doctoral degree, in accordance with the provisions of the organisation of each institution.

The deanery of the school for postgraduate studies based upon its proposal or the proposal of the deaneries of the relevant graduate schools, organises the study programme for doctorate studies. This contains the titles of the compulsory, compulsory by choice and optional lessons, their content and number of teaching hours per week (including the didactic work of any form) as well as the time sequence and the interdependence of the lessons. It also contains the qualifications and specialisations required from the teaching staff in order to achieve the set learning goals.

The doctoral programmes, in accordance with Law 4009/2011, are prepared by a special committee, consisting of professors of the relevant scientific field, including the deanery or, in case of cooperation of faculties of the same university, the deaneries of the respective faculties. The content of the curriculum is approved by the rector, upon recommendation of the deanery of the faculty and consent of the Senate. The internal regulation contains specific provisions for the regulation of issues related to the establishment of the committee, and the conditions and procedure for the annual review of individual aspects of the content of the curriculum. 

Finally, with regard to disciplines, as already mentioned, the faculties and departments of higher education institutions have been classified according to five scientific fields (Bachelor - Branches of Study).

Admission Requirements

The responsibility for planning and organising third cycle study programmes is in the competence of the Universities.

The criteria, the prerequisites and the process for the choice of doctorate candidates (Ypopsifioi Didaktores) are defined by the Institution’s Organisation. The Internal Regulation, defines the conditions and the process for exempting, in part or in whole, doctorate candidates from the obligation of attending the doctorate study programme. The postgraduate degree, publications, research, the knowledge of foreign languages etc. are factors taken into consideration for the choice of doctorate candidates. 

According to Law 3685/2008, candidates interested in conducting a doctoral thesis, have to submit an application to the Secretary of the respective Department, identifying the general scientific field and subject area. Then, it is considered whether the applicant meets the requirements for conducting a doctoral thesis, based on criteria established in accordance with the Rules of Postgraduate Studies. Generally, postgraduate degree holders have the right to apply for a doctoral thesis. In exceptional cases, other applicants, not Masters Degree holders, may be accepted as PhD students. Graduates of TEIs and ASPETE , or graduates of equivalent schools may be admitted as doctoral students only if they are holders of Postgraduate Degrees

Status of Doctoral Students/Candidates

According to Law 4009/2011article 2 a), "doctorate candidates" (Ypopsifioi Didaktores) are students that follow the third cycle of studies at Universities. Under the same law, doctoral students, who have no other medical and hospital care, are entitled to full medical and hospital care in the framework of the National Health System. The terms, conditions and process for the provision of care is defined in a presidential decree, issued upon proposal of the Ministers of Finance, Education and Religious Affairs and Health. The years of doctoral candidacy do not count as pensionable service.

Supervision Arrangements

By decision of the postgraduate studies school deanery, a supervisor is appointed for each doctorate candidate, coming from the same or relevant scientific field as that of the candidate’s interests. Through the same process more than one supervisor may be appointed. He can be a professor from the same University, or a researcher from a research centre equivalent to it, from the country or even abroad.   

In the case of a collaboration between a University and a research centre, Law 4009/2011 allows that the supervisor be a researcher, if this is provided for in the protocol of cooperation. A decision of the postgraduate studies school deanery is also required. 

However, under (still) existing Law 3685/2008, for each doctoral candidate, a three-member advisory committee is appointed by the Department's Special General Assembly. This committee, whose main duty is to provide mentoring and guidance to doctoral candidates, is composed of a faculty member of the Department concerned (with the rank of professor, associate professor or assistant professor), as supervisor, as well as two (2) members, who may be faculty members of the same or another Department of the same or another University within the country or abroad, or researchers of a research center recognised within the country or abroad, holding a doctorate degree. Committee members should have the same or related academic field of specialisation with that of the candidate's dissertation. The three-member advisory committee, in consultation with the doctoral candidate, submits a progress report to the Department's Special General Assembly at the end of each year.

It is also worth noting that in Universities, the Department's Special General Assembly and the Senate approve the Regulation of Doctoral Studies (under existing Law 3685/2008, Article 9). The main articles included in the regulation are the criteria and procedure for admission to the doctoral programme, the process of the thesis elaboration, supervision of research, duration, students' obligations, monitoring progress, conditions of study, the final assessment of the doctoral dissertation, general student welfare provisions, management and support of doctoral studies and evaluation of the doctoral programme. The regulation applies to all doctoral candidates and there is no specific contractual framework of responsibilities for each one of the students.

Moreover, Greek Universities are free to organise and offer joint programmes of study, in cooperation with institutions from abroad, leading to the award of respective degrees. A collaboration protocol between partner universities is established, which, inter alia, defines bodies entitled to monitor the said programmes. 

Employability

There are no available data on the employability of PhD holders. However, Innovation and Career Offices that operate within Higher Education Institutions, offer information and career counselling services, especially to support students, both in the diagnosis of their inclinations and skills, in matters of career choice and/ or further studies, as well as in finding employment.

Specifically, the Innovation and Career Office aims:

  • to support and facilitate the safeguarding of intellectual property of the Institution and members of the relevant academic community,
  • to promote communication and collaboration between researchers and members of the academic community with productive institutions to build upon the research produced in HEI,
  • to provide students and graduates of the Institution with information on issues and career guidance services supporting them both in identifying aptitudes and skills as well as in issues of career selection, further study and in finding work,
  • to organise the practicum of students,
  • to organise seminars, conferences, counselling, contacts with mentors for students and graduates of the Institution on issues of innovation and social action, and generally to promote innovative ideas of students that can be used in professional or social activities and
  • to organise all sorts of activities to promote innovation and entrepreneurship among the academic community, notably innovation competitions.

Within the Innovation and Career Office, further discrete units may operate, as for example a Liaison office, an Innovation and Entrepreneurship office, a Practical Training office, a Mediation Office, etc.

Assessment

According to Law 4009/2011 the doctorate thesis is publicly supported by the candidate, provided a written proposal by the supervisor/s is submitted to the postgraduate studies school deanery. If no proposal is submitted or if the proposal is of a negative nature, this process may continue based upon an application of the candidate himself. A three member committee is responsible for the evaluation of the thesis. This committee is set up by decision of the deanery, which is based on a proposal submitted by the supervisor/s.  

Two members of this committee are professors of the HEI or researchers of a corresponding level, from a research centre equivalent to the HEI from the country or abroad. The supervisor/s may not be appointed as members of the committee. One of the members is assigned by the deanery to draft a report evaluating the thesis. A positive evaluation is a prerequisite for awarding the doctorate degree. The HEI’s Organisation regulates other matters regarding the process of public support or possible additional requirements such as publications. 

However, in accordance with the transitional provisions of Law 4009/2011, until the establishment of Departments or Master Degree Departments and the institution of their committees, Law 3685/2008 is still applied.  Hence, the existing Law 3685/2008, for the final assessment and judgment of the candidate's doctoral thesis, the Department's Special General Assembly designates a seven-member evaluation committee, including members of the above mentioned three-member Advisory Committee. (At this point it should be noted that the three-member Advisory Committee, in collaboration with the doctoral candidate, submits a progress report to the Department's Special General Assembly at the end of each year). The doctorate candidate (Ypopsifios Didaktoras) presents his thesis in public before the seven-member selection committee, which then considers its originality and contribution to science. For the thesis approval, the assent of at least five (5) members of the evaluation committee is required. 

Certification

If the Examining Committee approves the doctoral thesis, candidates are awarded their Doctoral Degrees by the Department General Assembly in its ordinary composition. The Doctoral Degree, signed by the Rector, the President and the Secretary of the Institution concerned, will bear a qualitative description as judged by the Examining Committee i.e. “Good”, “Very Good”, "Excellent”, considered valid and fully accredited.

Organisational Variations

There is no substantial variation in the organisational structure and methodological emphasis of doctoral studies in Greece, even if they are carried out through distance learning, as i.e. the Hellenic Open University.

The Hellenic Open University

The Hellenic Open University awards doctoral degrees pursuant to the provisions regulating higher education and the supplementary provisions of the law on the institution establishment. The internal Doctoral Studies regulation of operation specifies the admission pre-requisites for doctoral candidates, as well as the evaluation process with regard to the doctoral theses progress.

In general the purpose of the doctoral thesis is to conduct an independent, original and coherent scientific research that promotes Science.

Students interested to conduct a doctoral thesis in the Hellenic Open University, should communicate with a member of the Academic staff, with scientific interests relevant to the scientific field, in which the candidate wishes to conduct the thesis.

The thesis supervisor (member of the Advisory Committee) is a member of the Academic staff of the Institution, with scientific interests related to the thesis subject. The other two members must also have scientific interests related to the doctoral thesis and may be: members of the Academic staff of the Institution; any other HEI Academic Staff member; a researcher working at a recognised research centre.

Based on academic criteria and upon recommendation of the Academic staff member supervising the doctoral thesis, the Dean decides if the candidate actually fulfils the conditions for a doctoral thesis, and appoints as supervisor the member of the Academic staff who recommended the doctoral candidate also recommends the Advisory Committee members. 

The time provided for the Doctoral Thesis is divided into three periods, and doctoral candidates are obliged to pay contribution fees for their doctoral studies at the beginning of each period.

The total study period, from the registration day until the doctoral thesis conclusion and compilation, cannot be less than four (or three, if no attendance of a module is required) full academic years. Research work per se for a doctoral thesis cannot last less than three years. Doctoral candidates (Ypopsifioi Didaktores) enjoy postgraduate students’ rights for no more than eight years from their registration in the doctoral studies programme. After this period is over, they lose their student status.