This page was last modified on 2 March 2017, at 13:38.

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

Curriculum, Subjects, Number of Hours

The curricula and timetables of Lower Secondary Schools are drawn up by the Pedagogical Institute and are proposed to the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs.  Since 2011, the Pedagogical Institute has been replaced by Educational Policy Institute (IEP), which, inter alia, makes proposals on the compilation of textbooks for pupils and teachers, based on the approved curricula.  The curricula serve as full guides for the teaching work and include the following:

  • Clearly defined objectives for each subject and in line with the general and specific objectives outlined for the respective education level. 
  • Different sections.
  • Indicative guidelines on the method and the teaching media, per subject.

Curricula are centrally defined, are addressed to all students in the territory attending the same grade and education level, while in parallel they are experimentally tested, evaluated and reviewed, in line with the developments in scientific knowledge and education.  The school textbooks introduced in schools from the school year 2006-2007 had been written based on the Interdisciplinary Single Curriculum Framework for Compulsory Education and the new Curricula (Ministerial Decision 21072a/Γ2/28-2-2003and 21072b/Γ2/28-2-2003) and are distributed free of charge to state schools.

Gymnasium curricula (Day or Evening) are split into three levels, each representing a grade.  Taught times for subjects administered in Day Gymnasiums and specified in Ministerial Decisions 93381/Δ2/7-6-2016 and 121072/Δ2/22-6-2016 amount to 32 school hours per class per week: 

DAY LOWER SECONDARY SCHOOL TIMETABLE

TEACHING AND LEARNING FIELD SUBJECT TAUGHT
DAY SCHOOL



HOURS / CLASS

Α


Β


C
Greek Language and Literature Modern Greek Language and Literature Language Teaching
 3

2

2
Modern Greek Literature
2

2

2
Ancient Greek Language and Literature
Ancient Greek Language
2

2

2
Ancient Greek Texts (translated)
2

2

2
Mathematics
4

4

4
Sciences 
Physics
1

2

2
Chemistry
-

1

1
Biology
1

1

1
Geography
1

2

-
Humanities and Social Studies
History
2

2

2
Social and Civic Education
-

-

2
Religion Education
2

2

2
Foreign Languages English
2

2

2
2nd Foreign Language (French/German/Italian)
2

2

2
Technology and Information Technology Technology
1

 

1


1
Information Technology
1

1

1
Culture and Activities Music
1

1

1
Art
1

1

1
Physical Education
2

2

2
Home Economics
2

-

-
 
                                          TOTAL HOURS
32
   32
32


Taught times for subjects administered in Evening Gymnasiums and specified in Ministerial Decision 103540/Δ2/24-6-2016 amount to twenty-three (23) school hours per class per week.

Subjects taught in Gymnasiums are compulsory for all students of the same class, except for the second foreign language subject which, in accordance with Ministerial Decisions 137429/Γ2/02-09-2014 and121072/Δ2/22-6-2016, comes with three (3) language options: French, German and Italian.

Language of instruction is the official national language of the country, Greek, the teaching of which runs throughout both Primary and Secondary Education, covering important part of the curriculum in these education levels. The exception is the foreign language, where teaching is delivered using the respective foreign language.

Teaching Methods and Materials

School textbooks are written based on the Cross Thematic Curriculum Framework (DEPPS). The new Textbooks (Ministerial Decisions 21072a/Γ2/28-2-2003 and 21072b/C2/28-2-2003) are distributed for free in public schools while the same books are used by all students of the same grade. The distribution and publication of the textbooks is conducted by the Computer Technology Institute & Press “Diophantus” (ITYE), which constitutes a research and technology organization focusing on the research and the effective use of Information and Communication Technologies in the sector of education (Law 3966/2011).

In the beginning of the teaching year, teachers of all majors receive instructions regarding the general and specific aims of the cognitive subjects they are going to teach and additional methodology instructions, general or specific, on the way of teaching such subjects. However, all teachers are relatively independent since they can modify their subject’s teaching methods in ways that suit their students’ abilities; teachers may also modify school assignments, sometimes going beyond the fixed exercise context provided in the school textbooks. In parallel, all methods of modern pedagogy are applied, depending on the subject to be taught and various teaching aids are used. According to the Single Cross-Thematic Curriculum Framework (DEPPS) and the new Detailed Curricula (APS) (Ministerial Decisions 21072a/C2/28.02.2003 and 21072b/C2/28-02-2003), the proposed methodological approaches are the following:

  • Investigation and discovery (active approach to knowledge): It aims at helping students to think, to handle complex concepts, to investigate and to reach knowledge themselves, i.e. to eventually learn "how to learn".
  • Visits to the environment (natural and anthropogenic). The contact with the environment contributes to the experiential approach to learning and in the long run may work in other directions as well, such as the career guidance of the pupil that will assist them in approaching more successfully the choice of their studies.
  • Demonstrations using appropriate teaching aids: By means of slides, videos, models, pre-made kits etc. the interest of pupils is triggered, their attention is focused on a specific goal and learning becomes more easy and natural.
  • Discussion-debate of the teacher with the pupils or discussion in groups: The discussion gives pupils the opportunity to think, to be puzzled, to evaluate, to conclude their opinions through the dialectical process of confrontation.
  • Direct form of teaching-Narration: Man has the ability, by means of reason, to communicate his knowledge and ideas. This enables the teacher to be directly involved in the learning process at the time of teaching, when they consider that the indirect forms of teaching are not appropriate for the occasion.
  • Teamwork forms of teaching: The dynamic the micro-group of pupils develops may well be used either as a context of collective data processing, or as a context of support towards individual learning.

A significant effort is also invested in the direction of laboratory teaching for subjects of Natural Sciences as well as for supporting the teaching and the application of Information and New Technologies in Secondary Education Schools.

The digital upgrade of the teaching process is carried out through equipment programs regarding the creation of portable laboratories and the supply of Interactive Boards. All Lower Secondary Schools of the country are provided with a) a portable laboratory including fifteen (15) laptops along with the necessary software, a storage locker with wheels for the safekeeping and charging of the computers, Wi-Fi Access Point along with the necessary software, as well as the necessary respective services of delivery, installation, onsite training and maintenance of the equipment and b) Interactive Systems for all grades and classes, with each one including an interactive board, a laptop which will be connected to the interactive board and the digital projector, a digital projector, a digital projector stand, wiring and electrical material, in addition to the system training of users.

At the same time there is also the Educational Web Portal e-yliko.gr that gathers in one site educational supporting material in digital form which is available to the entire community of educators. The portal offers specific teaching proposals to the interested parties, the overall certified educational software that has been produced the last ten years by the Ministry of Education, together with supporting material for all lessons and levels of Secondary Education (lower and upper). This material is divided into sections and classified by lesson. It includes exercises, vocabulary, translating tools along with links to other web pages of relevant educational content. The visitor can quickly and easily search for information on seminars, events, announcements and other happenings organized by different bodies. The portal is utterly useful to the educators’ community since it is a most significant attempt at gathering all relevant information in one unified site on the Internet.

Part of the Electronic Platform of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs is the digital school-digital educational content (http://dschool.edu.gr) which includes the textbooks in digital form, as well as rich teaching and learning materials. It is noted that this website is a two-way channel for communication and learning support, as teachers and schools are able to post relevant educational material.