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Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

In Greece, just as in any other EU country, major issues concerning teachers and teaching staff of all educational levels are summarized as follows:

  • Initial teacher education.
  • Conditions of service, terms of employment. 
  • Continuing professional development.

Iinitial training for Primary and Secondary Education teachers falls under the Higher Education University or Technological sector, while all teachers in Primary Education - including Pre-primary and Primary School Education - as well as teachers in Secondary Education, hold at least a first cycle degree.  

With regard to conditions of service and terms of employment, as of school year 2010-2011, Law 3848/2010 Upgrading teacher’s role – establishment of assessment and meritocracy rules in education and other provisions” came into force establishing the acquisition of a pedagogical training certificate for teachers of the above mentioned levels and introducing a new standing and objective appointment procedure with the successful participation in the Supreme Council for Civil Personnel Selection (ASEP) examination being the necessary condition for permanent teachers’ appointment or substitute teachers’ recruitment under a fixed-term employment contract governed by private law, when there are vacant posts to be filled.  In particular, teachers’ appointment/employment is based exclusively on ranking lists including the names of those who have successfully participated in the above mentioned examination, while academic qualifications, social criteria and actual prior teaching service are taken into consideration.

In the context of the said law, issues pertaining to the conditions of teachers’ service/development, such as transfers or secondments, as well as Primary and Secondary Education teachers’ selection, are revised while emphasis is placed on issues pertaining not only to the education and assessment of the teaching staff but also to self-assessment/ school assessment.

In Greece, there is no University Faculty or Department with the sole purpose of providing initial education to the academic – teaching staff.  However, a PhD title as well as the relevance of the candidates’ doctoral thesis or research work to the cognitive field of the position announced constitute the formal qualifications required from the candidates in order to pursue teaching or research work in HΕΙs (Higher Education Institutions) comprising Universities and Technological Education Institutions (ΤΕΙs).

Law 4009/2011 pertains, inter alia, to issues of appointment and advancement of the academic –teaching staff.  According to the said law, HEIs teaching and research work is carried out by professors belonging to three ranks.  The first (top) rank comprises professors elected and appointed as permanent staff.  The second rank comprises associate professors.  Associate professors are also elected to hold permanent positions and can advance to the next rank upon completing at least four years of service in the rank they have been elected for and provided they have acquired special qualifications corresponding to the position to be filled.  Third rank includes assistant professors, elected following the announcement of a position, appointed to said position for four years and entitled to a renewal of service for another four years.  Assistant professors can advance to the rank of associate professors provided they have completed six years of service as assistant professors while the election of professors of any rank is the outcome of an open procedure following the announcement of a position remaining vacant for any reason.  In addition to the three above-mentioned academic staff categories, there is also a new category: adjunct professors are employed by institutions  under a fixed-term contract governed by private law lasting from one to three academic years and subject to renewal without however exceeding five academic years overall.

Adult Trainers, as well as other levels staff, receive initial education at HEIs while, as of 1-9-2013, they are required to have educational aptitude (Law 4115/2013). After their educational aptitude is recognized and certified by the National Organization for the Certification of Qualifications & Vocational Guidance (EOPPEP),adult trainers are registered in the Trainers Register. T he maximum teaching hours per adult educator in all Lifelong Learning structures is set at a total of twenty (20) per week.   When the adult educator is a public employee, or is employed in the private sector on a full-time basis, the maximum teaching hours are set at ten (10) per week.   The "Foundation for Youth and Lifelong Learning" takes all the necessary steps for its employees’ professional education and continuous vocational training, which also includes Adult Educators.