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Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

Definition of the Target Group(s)     

As stipulated in Law 4009/2011 on higher education, the organisation and operation of Higher Education Institutions should safeguard the principle of "equal treatment of genders and the respect of diversity".  

In this context, the legislation in force (Law 2009/1992, Law 2909/2001, Law 3404/2005, Law 4186/2013) allows, in excess of the numerous clauses of admitted students, the admission of a specific number of candidates in each Department or Faculty of a University (Panepistimio) or Technological Educational Institute (TEI) (Technologiko Ekpaideftiko Idryma) following specific examinations. The candidates belong in the following categories:

  • Children of Greeks living abroad, graduates of Greek Upper Secondary Schools
  • Children of Greek employees seconded abroad, graduates of Greek upper secondary education schools
  • Greek graduates of foreign upper secondary education schools
  • Foreign nationals, non-Greek origin nationals
  • Children of non-Greek origin, graduates of upper secondary schools or similar schools from EU member states
  • Foreign nationals, non Greek-origin nationals on scholarship
  • Greek nationals on scholarship
  • Greek Citizens of the Muslim Minority in Thrace  
  • Pupils having received distinctions in the Balkan or International Olympiad of Mathematics, Information Technology, Physics, Chemistry or Biology or to the European Contest of Young Scientists.
  • Pupils suffering from severe diseases (special category of patients)
  • Athletes

Any pupil falling under the special category of suffering from serious illnesses has the right to attend a University Department or Faculty or Technological Educational Institute, exceeding the numerus clausus of admitted candidates.  This category corresponds to no more than 5% of normally admitted students.  If the number of applications in a School is higher than the number of places available, the selection is based on the graduation diploma grade, regardless of whether pupils were examined in the respective subjects at national level or at school unit level for its acquisition.

Beyond the provisions pertaining to admission in Higher Education Institutions of special population categories, Law 4009/2011 on higher education foresees a series of educational and social support structures, benefits and facilities addressed to all students.  Particular care is taken for individuals belonging to vulnerable social groups, such as students with disability and special educational needs, economically disadvantaged, foreigners and working students.  The specific terms and the procedure of granting educational and social benefits to specific groups of students and the operation rules of related services are determined by each Institution’s Organisational Charter and Internal Operation Regulation.

Specific Support Measures

Higher Education Institutions’ social policy, resulting from Law 4009/2011, is expressed, inter alia, as follows:

Undergraduate studies in all Higher Education Institutions are provided free of charge to all students.  Active students of the first cycle of higher education are offered free of charge academic textbooks, (Law 4009/2011, as modified by Law 4076/2012).  Their selection is carried out through the electronic service of integrated textbooks management EUDOXUS (www.eudoxus.gr).  In addition, University libraries are bound to a long term lending of printed or electronic academic textbooks to cover students’ needs throughout their studies, lending by priority to those students who are not entitled to a free of charge educational material (Joint Ministerial Decision F.12/93262/Β3/13.8.2012), while the instruction-notes of the subjects taught by professors of all ranks are statutorily uploaded on the internet.

Undergraduate, post-graduate students and doctoral students not enjoying another medical and hospital care, are entitled to full medical and hospital care in the National Health System (ESY) (Presidential Decree 327/1983).

In case of students with low personal and family income, their expenses for accommodation and meals are covered; undergraduate students studying in a city other than their permanent place of residence are being granted a housing allowance.  The terms, conditions and procedures to be followed for the free housing and meals of undergraduate, graduate students and PhD candidates (Ypopsifioi Didaktores) is  based on their individual or family status and their residency, along with the university’s base and the special conditions prevalent in the institution, according to the relevant issuance of the ministerial decision (Law 4009/2011).

The same law (article 54) stipulates compensatory scholarships for undergraduate and post-graduate students, with the obligation, on their behalf, to offer part time employment (40 hours) monthly in the Institution's services.  Furthermore, institutions offer awards and scholarships to students based on their academic performance and their individual or family status.  Finally, pursuant to the provisions of Law 4186/2013, undergraduate students may be granted by the Institutions, as of the academic year 2013-2014, interest-free loans and economic assistance to cover their special educational needs, on the criterion of their individual or family status and academic achievement.

Law 4009/2011 also stipulates the operation of a Student Welfare Council in each institution, which aims at discussing and proposing ways to deal with issues pertaining to students’ living conditions and continuous improvement of the institution’s student welfare services.  It is also important to highlight the provision (article 55) foreseeing the establishment and operation of a separate office "Student ombudsman"; its mission is to mediate between students and professors or the Institution’s administrative services, to adhere to legality in the context of academic freedom and to safeguard the Institution’s sound operation.

Special measures are foreseen to facilitate studies particularly for working students, such as statutory granting of leaves to working students during the examinations period.  Students, who document their employment of at least 20 hours per week, may enroll as part time students.  Students are also given the possibility to discontinue their attendance, upon their request; the Organisational Charter of each Institution determines the specific requirements for this arrangement, the maximum discontinuation time and the possibility to exceptionally exceed this time.

Provision is made to test orally students with dyslexia evidenced prior to their admission in the institution as well as to facilitate students with disability in order to carry out practical training on an equal footing as any other student.  The Institution’s Organisational Charter and Internal Regulation determines the overall policy of the Institution regarding support to students with disability (exams procedure and other evaluation methods, issues of electronic accessibility and accessibility to the premises, psychological counselling etc.) and the coping with particular problems faced by students.

For foreign students, the Universities organize courses in the modern Greek language and courses in foreign languages for Greek students, besides the compulsory foreign language required for being awarded a degree. Moreover, the Universities may offer curricula being taught in whole or in parts, by exception, in a foreign language, by the rector’s decision, following a proposal by the Deanery of the related faculty and an approval by the Institution’s Senate.

Undergraduate students having excelled at Universities and at Technological Educational Institutes and students wishing to pursue postgraduate studies in Greece and abroad, based on the statutory process (individualised evaluation or participation in exams) may be granted scholarships by the State Scholarships Foundation (IKY).  The latter is selectively granting scholarships for postdoctoral research (see Chapter 13 Mobility and Internationalisation, Mobility in Higher Education).  A fixed number of scholarships, benefits and economic aids are offered to students and institutions of all educational levels through legacies and donations from individuals and legal entities of private law.

Finally, the International Hellenic University and the Hellenic Open University should be mentioned as fixed structures of higher education contributing to equal opportunities to education and social cohesion.

As part of the policy on providing cross-cultural education services, the public International Hellenic University (IHU), established under Law 3391/2005 as amended and as in force under Law 4415/2016, is operating with a mission to provide higher education services to foreigners (mainly). All courses are administered in English.  Under Law 4186/2013 IHU is also providing distance learning services with courses that cannot exceed 50% of the total number of programmes that require physical attendance.  Under recent Law 4415/2016, International Hellenic University branches and lifelong learning centres may be opened in Greece and abroad, and new joint post-graduate programmes can be set up and coordinated in collaboration with schools or departments of other Greek Universities or Technological Educational Institutes (TEI), or with schools or departments of equivalent Universities based abroad.

The Hellenic Open University (EAP), established under Law 2552/1997, facilitates access to tertiary education to a broad range of interested parties, offering flexible open educational opportunities through cycles of studies.  EAP is a public University, equivalent to other Greek Universities and offers graduates all vocational rights, foreseen in the legislative framework in force.  EAP offers undergraduate and postgraduate distance learning courses, by developing and using innovative teaching methods and materials.  Students having completed their 23rd year of age take precedence in undergraduate and postgraduate programmes of studies.  If their number is higher than the number of places offered, the places shall be covered by drawing lots.  Should places be vacant after keeping order of preference, the remaining candidates are selected by a new draw.  Students-individuals with Special Needs are also admitted to EAP by 5% additionally to the pre-fixed places for undergraduate programmes of studies.  If the number of candidates in a specific course exceeds 5% of fixed places, they will be chosen by draw.