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Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

In the Greek educational system, education is offered through the following structures and the respective levels:

Pre-primary Schools (ISCED 0): they offer the compulsory Pre-primary Education of 1-year duration and can be distinguished in General Education or all-day, Experimental, Public and Private schools (see Chapter 4 ‘Early Childhood Education and Care')

Primary Schools (ISCED 1): they provide the compulsory 6-year Primary Education and are distinguished in General Education or all day, Model Experimental, Special Education, Minority Education, Cross-cultural education, European education, Public and Private schools (see Chapter 5 ‘Primary Education’).

Lower Secondary Schools (ISCED 2): they provide the compulsory Secondary Education, lasting 3 years, and are distinguished in all-day, Evening, Model Experimental, Minority Education, Cross-cultural Education, Ecclesiastical, Musical, Art-oriented, Special Education, Special Vocational, European Education, Public and Private schools (see Chapter 6 ‘Secondary and Post-secondary Non-Tertiary Education’). 

Upper Secondary Schools (ISCED 3): they offer the Upper (non-compulsory) Secondary Education of 3-year duration and are distinguished in General Education Day schools, General Evening schools, Model Experimental, Minority Education, Cross-cultural education, Ecclesiastical, Special Education and Training, European Education, Day and Evening Vocational, Special Vocational, Public and Private schools (see Chapter 6 ‘Secondary and Post-secondary Non-Tertiary Education’).

'Post- secondary non-tertiary' (ISCED 4): they include the structures of non-formal Education (Initial and Continuing Vocational Training and Adults’ General Education) and in particular the Vocational Training Schools, the Vocational Training Institutes (IEK), the Colleges, the Lifelong Learning Centers, Public and Private (see Chapter 8 ‘Adult Education and Training').

Higher Education (ISCED 5-6): it is offered by the country’s Universities and the Technological Educational Institutions and it is only public (see Chapter 7 'Higher  Education’).

STRUCTURE TYPE

UNITS

Pre-primary schools (ISCED 0)

6.138

 Pre-primary schools
1.712
All day Pre-primary schools
3.396
Special Education Pre-primary schools 96
All day Special Education Pre-primary schools
15
Experimental Pre-primary schools
3
European Education Pre-primary school 1
Private Pre-primary schools
615

Primary Schools (ISCED 1)

4.757

 Primary Schools
301
All Day Primary Schools
3.915
Experimental Primary Schools (all day, Model, Special education)
20
Special education Primary Schools
115
All Day Special Education Primary Schools
60
Minority Primary Schools
50
All Day Minority Primary Schools
90
Cross-cultural Primary Schools
13
European Education Primary School
1
Private Primary Schools
192

Lower Secondary schools (ISCED 2)

1.875

General Education Secondary schools
1.573
Evening Secondary schools
72
Experimental Secondary schools
13
Model Secondary Schools
5
Minority Secondary schools
4
Cross-cultural Secondary schools
8
Ecclesiastical Secondary schools
7
Musical Secondary schools
44
Art-oriented Secondary schools
3
Special Education Secondary schools
9
Special Vocational Education Secondary schools
8
European Education Secondary school
1
Private Secondary schools
128

Upper Secondary Schools (ISCED 3)


1.771

General Education Day Upper Secondary schools
984
General Evening Upper Secondary schools
49
Experimental Upper Secondary schools
12
Model Upper Secondary schools
4
Cross-cultural Upper Secondary schools
4
Ecclesiastical Upper Secondary schools
3
Special Education Upper Secondary Schools
2
Music Upper Secondary schools
1
Private Upper Secondary schools
94
Private Evening Upper Secondary School
1
Day Vocational Upper Secondary schools
322
Evening Vocational Upper Secondary schools
74
Special Education Vocational Upper Secondary schools
3
Private Day Vocational Upper Secondary schools
4
Special Vocational Education and Training Workshops
83
Special Education Technical Vocational Schools
24

Post secondary non-tertiary (ISCED 4)

247

Colleges 35
Vocational Training Schools Under abolishement
Vocational Training Institutes (state) 137
Vocational Training Institutes (private) 75

Tertiary Education (ISCED 5-6)

36

Universities 22
Technological Educational Institutes 14

Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs – myschool/ DIOFANTOS (ΙΤΥΕ), October 2016

All-Day Primary Schools and All-day Pre-Primary Schools. The Day Primary School and Kindergarten was created to and serves educational and social goals, having a strong supporting role and targeting the multifaceted education of students, and the support of working families. The All Day Primary Schools apply extended morning hours, have reformed curricula and enriched Timetable with new cognitive subjects and activities.

Model Schools.

Experimental Schools. Experimental schools are units operating at all educational levels. They accommodate the introduction of new learning programmes and taught time schedules, new instruction tools, textbooks and other learning resources, new teaching practices and new school management/administration approaches.

Schools of Special Needs Education (EAE). Schools of Special Needs Education are addressed to learners with special educational needs when attendance at mainstream schools is not feasible. Schools of Special needs cover Pre-Primary, Primary, Lower and Upper Secondary Education.

Cross-cultural Education Schools. Cross-cultural Education Schools operate in selected areas to facilitate inclusion in the education system of learners coming from abroad (foreigners or repatriated Greeks) and presenting educational, social, cultural particularities.  

Minority Education Schools. Minority Schools operate to cover the educational needs of Muslims living in the geographical department of Thrace. The Treaty of Lausanne (1923) is the basis of operation of such schools. They follow a bilingual curriculum which includes Greek and Turkish courses, while instruction is delivered in both the Greek and Turkish language.   

School of European Education. This school was established in Crete by Law 3376/2005. The school follows the curricula taught at European Schools and covers Pre-Primary, Primary, Lower and Upper Secondary Education. The school aims at providing education to the children of the European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA) personnel, of other EU Services, of the personnel of International Organisations and diplomatic delegations headquartered in Herakleio, Crete, to students transferred from other European Schools or from Schools of European Education, as well as to children residing in the wider region of the particular school. The School of European Education operates two language departments, Greek-speaking and English-speaking.

Lower/Upper Secondary Music Schools. Music Schools' aim is to prepare and train young learners who wish to get involved with music professionally. 

Lower/Upper Secondary Art Schools. Secondary Art Schools were set up to prepare, encourage and support the interest of pupils in arts, the development and training of their skills and talents and to prepare young learners who wish to pursue Theatre-Cinema, Dancing (Classical and Modern) and Visual Arts professionally. 

Lower/Upper Secondary Ecclesiastical Schools. The mission of Lower and Upper Secondary Ecclesiastical Schools is to educate and sufficiently train learners in the values of orthodox faith and Christianity to staff the Orthodox Church and to fulfill the Church's aims as secular clergy. 

Vocational Training Institutes (IEK). Vocational Training Institutes aim at providing initial vocational training to graduates of formal non-compulsory secondary education, General and Vocational Upper Secondary Schools, as well as to graduates of Vocational Training Schools (SEK). In Greece, there are Public and Private IEKs.

Colleges. Colleges are providers of post-secondary non-formal education and training, which offer studies exclusively under validation agreements or franchise with higher education institutions from abroad recognised by the state authorities at their country of origin. Colleges offer education of at least 3 years duration, which leads to Bachelor or postgraduate degrees.

Vocational Training Schools. Vocational Training Schools (SCSs) were established under Law 4186/2013 in order to provide three-year long initial vocational training services to formal compulsory education graduates, Under Law 4386/2016, the operation of SCSs is terminated. Students enrolled in these schools can complete their studies by retaining the same eligibility rights they had before starting them.