This page was last modified on 17 November 2016, at 14:39.

Greece:Overview

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

 

News Feed Greece

Key features of the education system

Article 16 of the Greek Institution is plain enough: “Education is the main mission of the State and all Greeks are entitled to free education at all levels at State Educational Institutions”.

One of the main characteristics of the Greek education system is that it is fairly centralised.  The Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs exercises supervisory control over all types of primary and secondary education schools by defining the content of the curricula, recruiting and appointing staff and controlling funding.  Tertiary institutions are nominally autonomous; however, the Ministry is responsible for their funding and the distribution of students to undergraduate courses.

The administration of primary and secondary education is conducted at central, regional and local level respectively by: the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs; the Regional Education Directorates; the Directorates of Education (Prefectures) and the School Units.

Educational officials of the country, whatever level of education they are appointed at, primary or secondary education, are graduates of Higher Education of a University or the Technological sector, holding at least a first cycle degree.

Stages of the education system

Compulsory education in Greece lasts for ten years and extends from the age of 5 to the age of 15 years.  In particular, the Greek educational system is mainly divided into three levels: primary, secondary and tertiary, with an additional post-secondary level providing vocational training.  

Primary education is divided into pre-primary school lasting one or two years and primary school spanning six years (ages 6 to 12).

Pre-primary education in Greece begins at the age of four (4) when children are allowed to enroll in Nipiagogeia (Kindergartens).  Attendance is compulsory for all five (5) year-old children.  The operation of Nipiagogeia falls under the authority of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs.  In what regards early childhood education care, Vrefonipiakoi stathmoi (Child and Infant Centres) and Paidikoi Stathmoi (Child Centres) operate under the remit of the Municipal Authorities.

Primary Education is the next stage and comprises of the compulsory six-year attendance in Dimotika Scholeia (Primary Schools).  It concerns children in the age range of 6-12 years.  Since school year 2016-2017, a Single Type of All-Day Primary School is established with a new revised curriculum and daily timetable.

Secondary Education includes two cycles: the first one is compulsory and corresponds to Gymnasio (Lower Secondary School) and the second one is the optional Geniko or Epaggelmatiko Lykeio (Upper Secondary School).

Gymnasio (Gymnasium) is a three-year school, which provides general education.  It covers ages 12-15 and it is a prerequisite for enrolling and attending General or Vocational Upper Secondary Schools.  In parallel with day Gymnasium, Esperino Gymnasio (Evening Lower Secondary Education School) operates, in which attendance starts at the age of 14.

Upper Secondary Education is the second tier of secondary education and lasts also for 3 years.  Pupils enroll at the age of 15.  It is worth noting again that it is non-compulsory and it is offered in two different types:

  • a) general secondary education – offered in Geniko Lykeio (General Lyceum); it involves a three-year programme, which includes both common core subjects and optional subjects of specialisation
  • b) vocational secondary education – offered in Epaggelmatiko Lykeio (Vocational Lyceum).  The latter offers two cycles of studies, which belong to the formal educational system: a. the secondary cycle and b. the optional post-secondary cycle of studies, the so-called “apprenticeship class”, a scheme which involves combined school and workplace courses.

Parallel to day schools, Esperina Genika Lykeia (Evening General Lyceums) and Esperina Epaggelmatika Lykeia (Evening Vocational Lyceums) also operate.  These involve a four-year attendance and the minimum age for enrolment for the latter is the age of 16.

Higher education constitutes the last level of the formal education system and comprises of the Panepistimio (University) and Technological sectors.  The University sector includes Universities, Polytechnics and the School of Fine Arts.  The Technological sector includes the Technologika Ekpaideftika Idrymata (Technological Education Institutions – TEIs) and the Higher School of Pedagogical and Technological Education (ASPETE).  Undergraduate courses typically last for 4 years, while postgraduate courses last from 1 to 2 years and doctorates from 3 to 6 years.

Lifelong Learning policy in Greece is part of a wider development plan aiming at giving emphasis to human knowledge, abilities and skills.  The General Secretariat for Lifelong Learning is responsible for the development of national policy concerning lifelong learning.  In addition, it supervises, coordinates and supports bodies constituting the National Network for Lifelong Learning.  Within the framework of non-formal education, which can lead to attainment of certifications recognised at national level, structures providing lifelong learning services are as follows:

  • a. Scholes Epaggelmatikis Katartisis – SEK (Vocational Training Schools), which provide non-formal initial vocational training of three-year duration to graduates of compulsory formal education; nevertheless, SEK are gradually being abolished and they will cease to exist at 31-08-2019;
  • b. Institouta Epaggelmatikis Katartisis - IEK (Vocational Training Institutes), which offer non-formal initial vocational training to graduates of formal non-compulsory secondary education, as well as to SEK graduates;
  • c. Kentra Dia Viou Mathisis (Lifelong learning Centers), which provide continuing vocational training, general adult education, vocational guidance and lifelong counseling;
  • d.  Kollegia (Colleges), which provide non-formal education to graduates of formal non-compulsory secondary education. 

Useful links

While the Eurydice Description of national Education Systems provides comprehensive and comparable information, further information may also be found on the following websites:

For a brief description of the education system, please consult the following schematic diagram:

Structure of the national education system

2016 diagram EL 02.png

source: Eurydice 2016

Common European Reference Tools Provided by the Eurydice Network