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Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary


In addition to general Pre-primary schools, the following structures operate in Greece:

Model Experimental Pre-primary Schools

Pursuant to Law 3966/2011, the aim of Model Experimental Schools (Pre-primary, Primary, Lower and Upper Secondary) is:

  • To ensure public and free of charge high quality education.
  • To promote educational research in practice, in cooperation with the respective faculties and departments of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs).
  • To educate HEIs students offering practical training and to offer vocational development to teachers in the broader educational community in cooperation with the HEIs and the Institute of Educational Policy (IEP).
  • To support the objective of creativity, innovation and excellence.
  • To put in place on experimental basis curricula, teaching methods, educational material, innovative teaching practices and actions, evaluation programmes of the teaching work quality, the school units’ technical infrastructure and the new models of school administration and operation.

The selection of students to Model Experimental Pre-Primary Schools is made by means of a draw at a date determined each year by means of a ministerial decision. More specifically, parents and guardians interested to enroll their children to the Pre-primary School must apply online at the electronic platform of the Steering Committee of Model Experimental Schools (DEPPS- governing body of Model Experimental Schools at a national level), where they will state the Model Experimental Pre-Primary School they wish for their children to attend. The selection of a Pre-Primary School is independent from the pupil’s place of residence. Each class of a Model Experimental Pre-Primary School consists of 25 infants at maximum (Ministerial Decision C1/14987/03-01-2014).

The timetable and curriculum is implemented in accordance with the provisions that apply to General Education Pre-Primary Schools. However, the timetable and curriculum in Model Experimental Pre-Primary Schools can be reshaped following a decision by the Scientific Monitoring Board (EPS - Administration body of Model Experimental Schools at a school unit level), in order to implement innovations, operate pilot research projects, cooperation with domestic or foreign schools, as well as anything else that might be considered appropriate when planning the activities of the school.

Special Education Pre-primary schools

Special Education Pre-primary Schools provide education and care to children with special needs in education; these schools have special departments of early systematic intervention in the pre-school age. Pre-primary schools may follow an ordinary timetable or may be operating all-day. Pre-Primary Schools of Special Education and early intervention services operating within such Pre-Primary Schools for students up to seven years old.

The Presidential Decree 301/1996 establishes a general Special Education Detailed Curriculum framework, which is followed by the Special Education School Units (SMEAE). In 2004 detailed curricula were prepared by the Pedagogical Institute for six categories of pupils with special educational needs: a) heavy and light-moderate mental retardation, b) hearing impairment, c) visual impairment, d) physical disabilities, e) autism, f) multiple disabilities. Special curricula were developed for each of these categories or special adaptations or differentiations from the detailed curricula of general education were made, in accordance with the specific needs of each category. This material is available at the following website: http://www.pi-schools.gr/special_education_new/html/gr/8emata/analytika/analytika.htm.

Additionally, a Special Curriculum is designed for each pupil with disabilities and special education needs by the interdisciplinary team of the relevant Center for Diagnosis, Differential Diagnosis and Support (KEDDY), which is drawn up and implemented by the competent teacher, in collaboration with the educational counselor for Special Education and the counselor for Special Educational Personnel. Following an invitation, the parent or guardian may also participate in the design of the pupil’s Special Curriculum. The KEDDY also prepare custom group programs for psycho-pedagogic and didactic support and creative employment.   

More information on admission requirements, the schedule of activities, the methodological focus, the curriculum and the assessment and promotion of students is available in Chapter 12 “Educational Support and Guidance” and specifically the section titled “Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education”.

European Education School

The European Education School was established in Crete by virtue of Law 3376/2005. The European Education School runs a Preschool Education cycle, besides Primary and Secondary Education cycles. The school fully follows the curricula taught at European Schools; the children enrolled in this school are the children of employees of European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA) or other European Union services personnel. Enrolment may also be extended, pursuant to Law 4115/2013, to children of employees of International Organisations or diplomatic services in Herakleion, Crete, and to children whose parents (at least one of them) are national of an EU Member State; the school also provides education to children of employees working in Organisations, Foundations and other bodies related with Research and Development.

There are two language sections at the Schools of European Education (SEP), Greek and English ones. Children whose mother tongue is not included in the language sections in operation are required to take an exam (test) in the language of the section they wish to be enrolled to, in order to be ascertained whether the level of their knowledge in the language taught at the specific language section will allow them to attend and catch up with that specific language section.