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Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

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Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

Types of Institutions

Vocational non-compulsory Secondary Education is offered at Vocational Upper Secondary Schools (EPAL), day and evening.

Under Law 4386/2016, Vocational Lyceums administer two cycles of study:

  • the Secondary Education Cycle which is part of the formal educational system and
  • the Post-lyceum Grade - Education, a Post-secondary Education Cycle, which is part of non-formal education.  Apolitirion (school-leaving certificate) holders, ‘Post-lyceum Grade Education’ and secondary-cycle Vocational Lyceum (EPAL) graduates are eligible to enrol in ‘Post-lyceum Grade - Education’ as well as older types of Technical Vocational Education schooling equivalent to EPAL.

Details on ‘Post-lyceum Grade Education’ can be found in the relevant Eurypedia chapter in the section titled ‘Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education’.

The types of institutions offering vocational secondary education are summarised as follows:

Day Vocational Upper Secondary Schools

Attendance is of three year duration and includes Α, Β and C grades.  Gymnasium apolytirion or equivalent certificate holders are eligible to enrol in Grade A without entry examinations.  Day Vocational Lyceums amount to three hundred and twenty two (322) out of a total of three hundred and ninety six (396) Vocational Lyceums (Day and Evening ones) throughout the country.

Evening Vocational Upper Secondary Schools

Evening Vocational Upper Secondary Schools are established by Joint Decision of the Ministers of Education, Research and Religious Affairs and Finance.  Attendance lasts for four (4) years.  These schools are attended either by employed or unemployed individuals holding an OAED (Manpower Employment Organisation) unemployment card.  Students who cannot attend the Day Vocational Upper Secondary School may enrol in the Evening Vocational Upper Secondary School.

Minimum age required for enrolment in Evening Vocational Lyceums is 16 years of age. Gymnasium apolytirion or equivalent certificate holders are eligible to enrol in Grade A without entry examinations. Certificates awarded by Evening Vocational Lyceums and Day Vocational Lyceums are equivalent.   

Equivalency of the respective Evening Vocational Lyceum and Day Vocational Lyceum grades is stipulated by Presidential Decree 50/2008. Evening Vocational Lyceums amount to seventy four (74) out of a total of three hundred and ninety six (396) Vocational Lyceums (Day and Evening ones) throughout the country.

Organizational differentiations in structures offering non-mandatory secondary vocational training:

Special Vocational Lyceums (EEL)

According to Law 4186/2013, those eligible to be admitted and enroll to Special Vocational Lyceums are graduates of Vocational Junior High Schools and Special and General Junior High Schools and Lyceums.  Attendance in these Lyceums includes four (4) grades, thus being in line with Evening Vocational Lyceums.  EEL graduates are awarded a Lyceum Graduation Certificate and a degree with level three (3) professional rights. Taught times for subjects in Special Vocational Lyceums are specified by Ministerial Decision 148356/Δ3/13-9-2016.

Geographical Accessibility

In order to provide all students with equal learning opportunities, Vocational Education school units operate throughout the country.  However, each school unit does not offer all specialisations; this depends upon the preferences of students, social-economic conditions and the particular needs of each region.

In case students have to travel long distances to arrive at their school, responsibility for their transportation lies with the Regional Authority where the school unit is located (by virtue of Ministerial Decision 24001/11-6-2013, as amended and in effect).  More specifically, Regional Authorities offer free transportation to Public Upper Secondary School students either via special student cards or their own means of transport for distances over 4000 meters, or via a public service contract for distances over 5000 meters. The second case takes effect on condition that students are enrolled in a school, based on the geographical distribution of the competent Secondary Education Directorates of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs.

Students having completed secondary education are not entitled to free transportation.

Admission Requirements and Choice of School

Under Law 4186/2013, as amended and in effect, Gymnasium apolytirion or equivalent certificate holders are eligible to enrol in Grade A without entry examinations.  Students promoted from General or Vocational Lyceum grade A and General Lyceum graduates are eligible to enrol in grade B.  Students promoted from Vocational Lyceum grade B are eligible to enrol in grade C. 

Taking into consideration that schools in the country do not administer the full range of areas of study carried out by grade B and all specialisations run by grade C, each student shall select a school based on his/her preferences.

Age Levels and Grouping of Pupils/Students

Day Vocational Upper Secondary Schools (EPAL) are attended by pupils beyond the age of fifteen years.  The pupils’ distribution to grades, that is, three (3) in Day EPAL and four (4) for Evening EPAL is basically age-homogeneous, except for those cases where older students of one or two years must repeat the class, usually due to inadequate performance or attendance.

Students completing their studies in General Lyceums and wish to acquire a specialisation diploma from EPAL, or older EPAL graduates who wish to acquire a second diploma on a different specialisation from EPAL, can also be older at age.

Each class may be divided into groups, depending on the total number of students.  In accordance with Ministerial Decision  42712/C2/20-03-2014, the maximum number of students in classes of a grade, sector or specialty of Vocational Upper Secondary School (EPAL), is twenty five (25).  With regard to Vocational Lyceums, in exceptional cases and upon the decision of the relevant Director of Secondary Education, a 10% increase may apply.

The teaching of different subjects - courses of General Education or of specialties, as described in curricula of the different grades in Vocational Upper Secondary School, is delivered by teachers of the respective specialty.  For example, the teaching of Greek Language is assigned to Literature Teachers, Mathematics to Mathematicians, Physics to Physicists, etc.  For the proper functioning of the school unit, and if deemed necessary, the teaching of a course / courses may be assigned to teachers of another specialty (although related to the specialty of the course in question), such as the teaching of the course of history, which may be assigned to a foreign language teacher.

Based on legislation, teaching of a subject is not limited as to the number of years a teacher undertakes to deliver it to the same class.

General Education subjects taught in Vocational Lyceum Grades A, B and C and Direction and Elective subjects taught in EPAL grade A to Secondary Education, are assigned to teachers in assignment A, B and C, as specified by Ministerial Decisions 133972/Γ2/17-08-2016 and  133162/Δ2/11-08-2016.

Organisation of the School Year  

According to Presidential Decree 56/2016, the school year for Day and Evening Upper Secondary Vocational Schools, begins on 1st September every year and ends on 31st August of the following year.

The teaching year in Vocational Upper Secondary Schools begins on 1st September every year and ends on 30th June of the following year.  The teaching of subjects and any examinations take place during the teaching year.  In case of delay in beginning the teaching of a subject or in case where schools are not operational for any reason whatsoever for more than ten (10) days per year, the teaching year can be extended for an equal period of time by Decision of the Minister of Education.

Teaching is carried out during the following periods called terms:

  • Α term from September 11th to January 20th
  • Β term from January 21st to May 16th.

There is no teaching on the last day of B term. On this day, Teachers Assembly in every Vocational Upper Secondary School decides on the characterisation of pupils' attendance and performs all preparatory work for the unobstructed realisation of written exams.

Schedule for these examinations including the dates and examination procedures (student arrival details and duration of examination for each subject) is produced by the Teaching Staff Committee and is available for the students two (2) days before the start of the exams - at the latest.

All kinds of exams for Upper Secondary and Vocational Schools are carried out in the period beginning two (2) days after the end of  Β term and end on June 30th, while pupils who fail and have to repeat the exams, will take the exams anew from September 1st to September 10th.

The teaching year encompasses Christmas and Easter holidays of a total duration of four (4) weeks. Summer holidays for pupils last from July 1st to September 10th. 

Days of instruction amount to 150 per year approximately and are organised in approximately thirty (30) weeks of five (5) days (Monday to Friday). Teaching time amounts to thirty five (35) hours per week for Day Vocational Upper Secondary Schools and twenty five (25) for Evening Upper Secondary Schools.  Timetables are defined based on curricula by Ministerial Decisions and are universally applied to all Vocational Upper Secondary Schools (EPAL) of the territory.  Details regarding timetables of Vocational Upper Secondary Schools (EPAL) are available under Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education.

Organisation of the School Day and Week

Teaching time per grade is centrally defined and is globally applied for the same type of Upper Secondary Vocational Schools (EPAL) throughout the country.  The classes in day schools begin at 08:15 and end at 14:10 while in evening school, classes begin at 19:20 and end at 22:55.  However, the distribution of lessons per week is not centrally defined, but it is up to schools themselves to decide, based on their actual needs.

 DAY VOCATIONAL UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOLS TIMETABLE


Teaching hours

Subjects (begining and ending of teaching hours) Duration of teaching hours
Duration of breaks

MONDAY

TUESDAY

WEDNESDAY

THURSDAY

FRIDAY

1st hour 08.15 - 09.00 45' 5'
2nd hour 09.05 - 09.50 45' 10'
3rd hour 10.00 - 10.45 45' 10'
4th hour 10.55 - 11.40 45' 10'
5th hour 11.50 - 12.35 45' 10'
6th hour 12.45. - 13.25 40'
5'
7th hour 13.30 - 14.10 40' -

 EVENING VOCATIONAL UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOLS TIMETABLE   


Teaching hours Subjects (begining and ending of teaching  hours) Duration of teaching hours Duration of breaks

MONDAY

TUESDAY

WEDNESDAY

THURSDAY

FRIDAY

1st hour 19.20 - 20.00 40' -
2nd hour 20.00 - 20.40 40' 10'
3rd hour 20.50 - 21.30 40' 10'
4th hour 21.40 - 22.20
40' -
5th hour 22.20 - 22.55 35' -

For the reduction of early school leavers, the re-integration of students into the learning process and the improvement of their performance an Additional Teaching Support (PDS) is provided under Law 4368/2016.

Each school unit, apart from regular classrooms, includes support rooms, fitness center, conference hall, library and science laboratory. Each class has its own classroom throughout the school year while the other rooms are used alternately by various groups of pupils in accordance with the needs of the weekly programme or special events.