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Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

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Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

Geographical Accessibility

Municipal Infant/Child (Vrefonipiakoi Stathmoi) and Child Centers (Paidikoi Stathmoi) operate in Municipalities across the country.

According to the Standard Regulation of Operation (Ministerial Decision  16065/17-4-2002), infants and children enrolled to municipal infant and infant/child centers come primarily from the respective municipality area, not excluding the case of children living in the immediate vicinity, where enrollment is possible due to vacancies or due to acute social need of parents. These cases are justified in the decision of the Board of Directors of the Infant / Child center.

Children may be transported to the municipality centers, provided that the latter dispose their own means of transport, abiding by the rules of safety. For infants, transfer may be assigned to a special escort, or to members of the pedagogical staff, in rotation. The cost of transportation is determined by the Board of Directors of the Municipal Infant / Child Centre and may be covered by an additional contribution of parents, depending on their financial ability, irrespectively from the normal parental contribution (fee).

Admission Requirements and Choice of ECEC Institution

Since compulsory education in Greece starts from the age of 5 years in pre-primary school (Nipiagogeio), the state is not legally obliged to offer Early Childhood Education and Care for younger children. The legal entitlement only refers to children aged 5 years old and above, although the state takes care to offer early childhood education and care to the majority of children aged up to 5 years old.

All children coming from a respective Municipality have the right to enrol in Child and Infant/Child Centers; children suffering from contagious diseases and for as long as they are affected, are excluded.

Infant/Child Centers accept infants from the age of 6 months, while Child Centers accept children from the age of 2.5 years.

Upon enrolment, working parents' children and/or children coming from economically weak families are selected, showing preference to children in need of care by virtue of various social causes (such as double or single orphans, children of unwed mothers, divorced or separated parents, children born to parents with a physical or mental disability, multi-member families etc.).

The selection criteria of hosted infants and children and their credit awarding may be specified by the Municipality Council of the relevant Center, following its reasoned opinion.

In case parents’ application for their children’s admission to municipal infant/child and child centers is rejected, they have the right of appeal against decisions on credit awarding, based on specific procedures defined at municipality level. 

Discontinuation of children’s attendance in Child and Infant Centers is always carried out by the Municipality Council’s decision under the following circumstances:

a) Upon parents’ or guardians’ request via an application.
b) When serious problems are observed in children’s behavior or health that cannot be dealt with by the Center, after previous communication with the parents and a specialized physician.
c) When parents fail to pay their economic contribution, if foreseen, for a period of time beyond 2 months, without any serious reason for this delay.
d) When parents repeatedly fail to comply with the Center’s schedule and conditions of operation, notwithstanding written notifications.
e) In case of repeated, continuous and unjustified absence of children from the Center beyond one month.

Age Levels and Grouping of Children

Children from the age of 2,5 up to 5 years, as well as from the age of 6 months to 5 years are enrolled, respectively, in Child (Paidikoi Stathmoi) and Infant/Child Centers (Vrefonipiakoi Stathmoi), that is until their enrolment age to Pre-primary school.

Infant classes are structured according to age: a) from 6 months to 1,5 years  and b) from 1,5 to 2,5 years. Child Centers respectively are structured in the following classes: a) from 2,5 to 3,5 years  and b) from 3,5 to 4,5 years. Infant sections host 12 babies, being attended by 2 educators and one assistant. Child Sections host up to 25 children with one educator and one assistant, and in any case with the pedagogical personnel provided thereof.

In accordance with the Standard Operation Regulation of Child and Infant/Child Centers, besides the Pedagogical Personnel and Assistant Educators, a Social Worker is foreseen in the said structures who contributes to preventing or coping with children’s problems in the Center and a Psychologist, who provides counseling in child psychological support issues. Moreover, hosted children and infants are examined regularly and at least once a week by a Pediatrician who follows up their development and psychosomatic health while suggesting measures to be taken for children’s hygiene and Centers’ Sanitary conditions.

No special provision in legislation exists regarding the prohibition or obligation of the staff providing ECEC or contact staff, to stay with the same group or class for several years. 

Organisation of Time

Child (Paidikoi Stathmoi) and Infant/Child Centers (Vrefonipiakoi Stathmoi) Standard Regulation of Operation provides that (Ministerial Decision 16065/17-4-2002) the operation of Child/Infant Centers begins on September 1st and ends on July 31st of the following year (Monday to Friday). In other words, Child/Infant Centers work around 220 days per year. In areas where employment of working women reaches its peak in summer period, the Center may operate during August and discontinue its operation for a month in June-July. The Centers remain closed from December 24th until January 5th and from Holy Thursday until the first Sunday after Easter Sunday. The Centers do not operate during the official holidays of Public Services and local anniversaries. The operation of Child and Infant/Child Centers falls under Municipalities’ competence. 

Organisation of the Day and Week

According to the Standard Regulation of Operation, Child and Infant/Child Centers operate from Monday to Friday. Even though it is flexible, the basic points in the timetible are being adhered to (arrival and leaving time, time of meals, rest and break). Centers open at 7.00 am during the winter schedule and at 6.45 am during the summer schedule and close at 16.00pm. It is possible to extend the Center’s working hours by the Municipality Council’s decision of each Center, provided it is served by the personnel required.

A typical schedule of children’s activities is the following:

a) For Infants

6.45 or 7.00 am - 9.00 am: Arrival of Infants. Catering for individual needs, rest or free activities.

9.00 am - 9.30 am: Breakfast

9.30 am - 12.00 am: Individual programmes aimed at children’s development.

12.00 am -13.00 pm: Preparation-food.

13.00 pm - 14.30 pm: Rest.

14.30 pm - 15.15 pm: Infants’ free activities aiming at the aforementioned objectives.

15.15 pm - 15.45 pm: Afternoon snack.

15.45 pm - 16.00 pm: Preparation - Departure.

b) For Children

6.45 or 7.00 am - 8.30am: Childrens' arrival.

8.30 am - 9.00 am: Prayer. Children get ready for breakfast.

9.00 am - 9.30 am: Breakfast. Children serve and lay the table in working groups.

9.30 am - 10.00 am: The educator plans and interacts with children on daily activities.

10.00 am - 11.00 am: Parallel or individual workshops.

11.00 am - 12.00 am: 30-minute break interchangeably between classes. Preparation for lunch (personal hygiene). Free activities in ‘pedagogical corners of activities’ or team games in the classroom and in the yard.

12.00 am - 13.00 pm: Lunch. Children serve and lay the table in working groups. Tooth-brushing after lunch.

13.00 pm - 13.30 pm: Gradual departure of children leaving early. Quiet activities follow.

13.30 pm - 15.00 pm: Rest.

15.00 pm- 15.45 pm: Afternoon snack. Free activities. Putting the class in order. Departure.

The above schedule is adapted to the needs of each age group.