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Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

Types of Institutions

Vocational Training Institutes (IEK)

The main provider of Post-Secondary, non Tertiary Education constitute the Vocational Training Institutes operating in the context of non formal education, i.e of education offered in an organized educational context outside the formal educational system and being able to result in the acquisition of certificates recognized at national level.

Vocational Training Institutes (IEK) according to Law 4186/2013, aim at providing services of initial and continuing vocational training to formal non compulsory Secondary education graduates, of General and Vocational Upper Secondary school and to Vocational Training Schools’ graduates. (The operation of Vocational Training Schools is terminated under Law 4386/2016)

The Vocational Training Institutes (IEK) can be public or private. Attendance in Public Vocational Training Institutes is offered free of charge. The supervision of public or private IEK and the competence to formulate the educational framework lies with the General Secretariat of Lifelong Learning of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs; the competence for the validation of IEK ‘outputs’ lies within National Organization for the Certification of Qualifications & Vocational Guidance (EOPPEP).

IEK Operation Regulation is drawn up by the General Secretariat of Lifelong Learning of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs and is ratified by the same Minister of Education and Religious Affairs decision; IEK representing a total of competences, attitudes, personnel and material infrastructure constitute regional decentralized services of the General Secretariat of Lifelong Learning.

The types of institutions offering vocational education and training are summarized as follows:

  • ΙΕΚ for General Upper Secondary School graduates General Upper Secondary School graduates are offered an initial training, enabling them to acquire the required skills to join the labor market
  • ΙΕΚ for Vocational Upper Secondary School graduates Vocational Upper Secondary School graduates are given the possibility to complete their vocational knowledge.
  • ΙΕΚ for graduates of Schools of Vocational Education (SEK).
  • Ecclesiastical ΙΕΚ The Ecclesiastical Vocational Training Institutes provide post secondary ecclesiastical training lasting for two semesters. Graduates from Second Chance Clerical Schools may enroll in Ecclesiastical Vocational Training Institutes. Almost all Ecclesiastical Vocational Training Institutes have boarding-houses, offering students free accommodation and meals.

Under Law 4186/2013, Experimental Vocational Training Institutes (IEK), (state only) and Special Education Vocational Training Institutes (state or private) may be established.

Post-lyceum - Apprenticeship Classes

By virtue of Law 4186/2013, as replaced by Law 4386/2016, the Vocational Upper Secondary School, besides the secondary studies cycle, offers the  Post-lyceum - Apprenticeship Classes, i.e.a non-formal education Post-secondary Cycle of Studies.

Post-lyceum - Apprenticeship Classes are optional. Eligible to enroll are school-leaving certificate holders or holders of a degree in EPAL second cycle of studies as well as older types of Technical Vocational Education schools equivalent to EPALs.  Post-lyceum - Apprenticeship Classes are using a two-fold educational (apprenticeship) approach, and run for one (1) school year. They include: a) apprenticeship with on-the-job training and b) in-school Speciality and Certification Preparation courses, respectively.

EPALs or Training Centres (EKs) are responsible for running Post-lyceum - Apprenticeship Classes. Joint decision of the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs and the Minister of Labour, Social Insurance and Social Solidarity, stipulates all details pertaining to the administrative coordination of these classes together with the Greek Manpower Employment Organization (OAED).  Work placements and their supervision are of educational nature.

Colleges

Colleges are operating under post-secondary non-higher education.  Colleges  are providing non-formal post-lyceum educational and training services, delivering programmes of studies based on validation and franchising agreements with higher education institutions located abroad and recognised by the respective authorities of their country.  These programmes lead to a bachelor or a master’s degree and are three-year long.  Degrees, qualifications, credentials, certificates and any other documentation administered by colleges may be professionally equivalent to higher education qualifications obtained through formal Greek education.  

Geographical Accessibility - Vocational Training Institutes (IEK)

Pursuant to Law 4186/2013, the Vocational Training Institutes (IEK) may be established, transformed, merged and abolished on the basis of a decision by the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs.  Vocational Training Institutes operate in major cities of the country while they provide specialisations and organize departments in accordance with the national and regional needs of the national economy, as well as the recommendations by the competent Educational Authorities and stakeholders.

Admission Requirements and Choice of Vocational Training Institutes (IEK)

Graduates of Vocational Training School, of Upper Secondary, General or Vocational school and of higher education are entitled to enrolment in Vocational Training Institutes (Law 4386).

According to the Ministerial Decision 5954/23-6-2014, the selection of Trainees in Public IEK is performed as follows:

The Director of Lifelong Learning announces a table with specializations that will operate at the IEK for which the Regional Unit is responsible, at least three (3) days prior to the date of the submission of applications by applicants and in accordance with Law 4186/2013.

In order to participate in the selection process, candidate trainees submit an application form to a special information system, which application shall contain the candidate’s full personal details, their Social Security Number and home address, as well as the order of preference of the specializations that are going to operate in the IEK.

 After the expiry of the deadline for the submission of applications for selection, assessment tables per specialization - department - IEK are announced by the Lifelong Learning Directorates. Candidates who are entitled to enroll, according to the assessment tables, are required to submit the necessary supporting documents to the IEK where they have been selected, as such documents have been stated in their application.

In order for points to be awarded to candidate trainees and, hence, to be selected, the following are taken into account:

  • The mark of the degree, which is required for admission to the IEK.
  • The work experience which is related to specialization they wish to train in, whether in the [public or the private sector, which must be able of being proven.
  • The proximity of the date of filing of candidate trainees with the date of graduation from secondary education.
  • Being a parent with many children or a member of a large family, as evidenced by a certificate by the municipality or an official document by the Hellenic Association of Large Families.
  • Being a parent with three children or part of a 3-child family, as evidenced by a certificate by the Municipality.
  • The capacity of a fosterer or a child of a single-parent family.
  • Especially the Greek Cypriots from the occupied areas of Cyprus or the members of the Greek minority in Albania can enroll at public IEK at a designated percentage of the capacity of the departments, according to the decision of the Director of Lifelong Learning, as applicable each time.

In order to finalize the enrollment of the selected candidate trainees, they are required to timely submit the necessary supporting documents to the IEK they were appointed. The enrollment becomes final upon obtaining a Special IEK Student Code.

Failure to finalize the enrollment at the public IEK within the exclusive deadline set to this end and referred to in the tender date results in the loss of the original enrollment selection.

Age Levels and Grouping of Pupils/Students - Vocational Training Institutes (IEK)

Attendance at IEK lasts for five (5) semesters in total, which are shared in four (4) semesters of theoretical and laboratory training and one (1) semester of Internship or Apprenticeship.  Vocational Training Institutes usually consist of adult citizens who are eighteen (18) years or older. Therefore, the classes formed may not necessarily comprise the same age group.

According to the Ministerial Decision 5954/23-6-2014, IEK classes can be formed, provided the minimum number of fifteen (15) trainees is met, except in exceptional cases, where there is a documented recommendation by the Director of Lifelong Learning (DDVM) and following a relevant decision by the Secretary General of Lifelong Learning (GGDVM).

The various subjects - courses, as they are described in the curricula of each IEK in each semester, are taught in accordance with Law 4186/2013, by permanent primary and secondary education teachers, whose seats are either created by means of a placement deed or are covered by detached teachers or by means of assigning overtime teaching or appointing deputy or hourly-paid teachers.  The teaching staff of IEK may also include adult educators with an employment contract or a fixed-term contract or even members of the Special Education Personnel (EEP) and Special Auxiliary Personnel.

The maximum number per class and educator is set to thirty (30) individuals, in laboratory, theoretical or mixed courses.However it may be increased by 10% in order to allocate trainees more appropriately.  When the number of trainees in each laboratory course exceeds fifteen (15), then a second educator may be appointed, provided this is allowed by the corresponding study guide.  Laboratory courses which take place outside the IEK areas may operate in classes with fewer trainees but with a minimum of seven (7), following a decision of the IEK Director, whereas in any other case the approval of the GGDVM is required.

Under the applicable legislation, the teaching of a specific course by a teacher/educator of a respective specialization is not limited in terms of the number of years such teacher/educator undertakes to teach that specific course to a specific semester/group of trainees.

Organisation of the School Year - Vocational Training Institutes (IEK)

According to the Ministerial Decision 5954/23-6-2014, the school year for Vocational Training Institutes (IEK) commences on October 1st, and if Saturday or Sunday, it is postponed until the next Monday and ends on June 30th of each year.  However, it includes two semesters. With regard to the fall semester, enrollments, renewals of registrations and rankings in these bodies take place from September 1st to September 30th each year, whereas the enrollments for the specializations conducted in the spring semester are taking place from January 15th and last until the eve of the commencement of the spring semester each year (Law 4264/2014).

IEKs deliver five (5) semester programmes, split into four (4) semesters of theoretical and laboratory-based training and one (1) semester for carrying out a Work Placement or Apprenticeship.  For secondary non-compulsory education graduates or graduates coming from a higher level or SEK graduates, attendance may start at the beginning of Winter or Spring. Attendance to the fifth semester may only start after the end of the 2nd semester.  Should the Internship come after the completion of the four (4) semesters of training, then it must be continuous and/or partial.

The training in each semester is considered as full when the hours provided for by the curriculum have been completed. In the event that there will be no training in one or more IEK for any reason whatsoever, whether in total or at a subject level, then the training for that semester shall extend accordingly, but only following a decision of the GGDBM and only in exceptional and justified cases.

The hours of training in each semester may be extended in accordance with the timetables from twelve (12) to fifteen (15) weeks, provided that the fall semester must have been completed by 15th February, whereas the spring semester by June 30th.

The maximum number of trainees per instructor shall be thirty (30) in laboratory or theoretical or mixed courses (Law 4264/2014).

Training and any training procedures of any kind do not take place during the Christmas and Easter holidays, official public holidays and summer holidays, as well as on the days of local holidays, due to religious festivities or anniversaries.

Organisation of the School Day and Week - Vocational Training Institutes (IEK)

Teaching in IEK takes place five (5) days a week, Monday through Friday, and the weekly training timetable is set at twenty (20) hours, yet it may fluctuate during the semester by 30%, which can range from fourteen (14) to twenty-six (26) hours per week. The teaching is organized by specializations and each specialization has its own, unique and comprehensive set of courses, organized in specific teaching hours per week.
The maximum number of teaching hours is set to eight (8) hours per teaching day (Ministerial Decision 5954/23-6-2014).

Training in public Vocational Training Institutes takes place mainly in the evenings, while the teaching hours for all subjects are of a duration of forty-five minutes (45΄). The teaching of laboratory courses or the laboratory part of mixed classes in the curriculum may have a duration of up to three hours. The duration of breaks is five (5) minutes, except for one fifteen (15) - minute break.

For the purposes of housing the IEKs, the buildings used belong to school units of Secondary Education, yet other buildings may as well be used, provided they fulfill the relevant requirements.