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Greece:Organisation and Governance

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

The Greek education system remains a fairly centralised system, since the essential competences for educational policy and administration are all centralised under the responsibility of the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs.

The National and Social Dialogue for Education is carrying on discussions around introducing a National Plan for the Development of Education that will bring about radical changes at all education levels.  Meanwhile, additional meetings are held among the Committee on Cultural and Educational Affairs, the Dialogue Committee, the National Council for Education (ESYP) and the Institute of Educational Policy (IEP).

The National Council for Education (ESYP) is an advisory board to the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs for issues concerning education planning and major matters of educational policy.

The Institute of Educational Policy (IEP) was founded in 2011 under Law 3966/2011, as amended and entered into force.  It is a private law entity and operates under the supervision of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs.  It acts in the public interest as a scientific co-ordinating body that provides support to the Ministry of Education.  Its main objectives are scientific research and analysis at primary and secondary education level, the transition from secondary to higher education and the constant technical support in the planning and implementation of educational policies in this area.  The Institute of Educational Policy operates within the framework provided by the National and Social Dialogue for Education as an educational consultant for all three bodies that constitute the Dialogue (Dialogue Committee, Committee on Cultural and Educational Affairs, the National Council for Education).

Regarding school education, the management and governance at central, regional and local level respectively are developed by:

  • the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs (central level)
  • the Regional Directorates of Education (regional level)
  • the Primary Directorates of Education and the Secondary Directorates of Education (prefecture level)
  • School Units

At central level, the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs supported by collective, consultative and advisory bodies and institutions, takes the key decisions relating to the long-term objectives and functioning of the educational system.  For instance, the following issues are regulated centrally: definition of curricula content, the writing and distribution of student textbooks, allocation of teaching time, teacher education and initial training, placement of teachers and other school staff, teacher salaries and school financing.

At regional level, administrative control is exercised by the corresponding Regional Education Directorates, referring directly to the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs.  The Regional Education Directorate is responsible for the administration and the scientific and pedagogical guidance of education in the region.  It supervises the implementation of the national education policy, tailoring it to match the specific requirements of the region, and connects the regional educational services with the central education authorities.  The Regional Education Directorate consists of the Department of Administration and the Department of Scientific and Pedagogical Guidance under which school advisors fall.

At local level, the educational policy is implemented and specified by the Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education, which fall within the competence of the Regional Directorate of Education, and the School Units which fall under the competence of the relevant Directorate of Education. Administrative bodies at school level are the school head, the deputy school head and the school teachers board.  These are supported by the school committee and the democratic planning bodies, such as the Municipal Committee of Education, parents’ associations, etc. At local level, the recent reforms re-define the role of education institutions, giving more autonomy to a school unit along with the ability to plan, organise and evaluate its work.

Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are self-governed legal entities of public law.  On these institutions, legal due diligence is exercised by the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs only for administrative acts.  The Minister participates in the issuing of such acts.  The Minister of Education may also invite and discuss with the rectors of Universities and the presidents of Technological Educational Institutions on issues of their competence.

At central level, the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs, via the General Secretariat for Lifelong Learning and Youth, assisted by the Lifelong Learning administration bodies and exercising its executive role, plans the public policy on Lifelong Learning, formulates the respective rules, elaborates the National Programme on Lifelong Learning and supervises its implementation.  The activities of the National Programme on Lifelong Learning, at regional and local level, are implemented and specialised in a decentralised way in the Regions and the Municipalities respectively through programme contracts.  Hence, education, learning and training are in harmony with the development of the regions, the local community and the public.