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Greece:National Qualifications Framework

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

With the introduction in Greece of a National Qualifications Framework, a coherent and comprehensive system describing and assessing higher education qualifications for streaming students into all educational levels is implemented in the country for the first time. Tools for assessing qualifications achieved at non-formal education and informal learning levels will be devised at a later stage.  In light of the Europe 2020 joint European strategy, the National Qualifications Framework (which is linked to the European Qualifications Framework) acts as a “translation” device that enables the comparison of different qualifications, serving thus the wider objective of enhancing lifelong learning and mobility. 

The National Qualifications Framework was first developed in 2010. The Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs is responsible for supervising and coordinating its implementation by the National Organization for the Certification of Qualifications and Vocational Guidance (EOPPEP) in line with the provisions of Law 3879/2010 and Law 4115/2013, currently in effect.   In line with the Development of the National Qualifications Framework Action implemented through the Human Resource Development Operational Programme (OP), co-funded by the European Union (European Social Fund - ESF) and national resources and coordinated by the Education and Lifelong Learning Operational Programme of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs (acting as intermediary Administration Body), EOPPEP has focused on:

  • The definition of its structure.
  • The recording and analysis of “older” and current qualifications.
  • The planning and implementation of methodological tools for the classification of common education qualifications in the different levels of the National Qualifications Framework.
  • Its correspondence with the European Qualifications Framework.

After the planning, the public debate, the institutional establishment and preparation, Greece moved on to the third phase of the process of development of the National Qualifications Framework with the following activities:

  • Recording the titles of formal and informal education, analysing and defining their features.
  • Grouping the titles on an educational sector basis, according to certain technical specifications - Planning and development of qualification types.
  • Specialisation of descriptive indicators per reference level.
  • Methodology for the planning and development of learning outcomes.
  • Drafting of the Referencing Report of the National Qualifications Framework to the European Qualifications Framework.
  • Preparing Methodological Guides for the classification of qualifications of various sectors in the National Qualifications Framework.
  • Planning Seminars for the transfer of technological knowledge from international experts.

During the planning of the National Qualifications Framework, the current needs of the country as well as the relevant European and international developments were taken into consideration.  Its structure is defined by the following features:

  • Levels: A key element of the National Qualifications Framework is a total of 8 levels which serve as a common and neutral reference point for education and training in a national and sectoral level.  These 8 levels cover the entire breadth of qualifications, from those granted with the completion of compulsory education or training to those granted at the highest level of university education.  Every level is identified by a set of knowledge, competencies and abilities which define the learning outcomes or the level.  The learning outcomes constitute the qualifications of the corresponding level.
  • Learning outcomes: These qualifications take the form of learning outcomes and are classified in levels.  The learning outcomes are divided in categories; knowledge, competencies and abilities.
  • Descriptive indicators: The learning outcomes which correspond to the qualifications of a specific level are defined by descriptive indicators, which are defined by the qualitative and quantitative classifications of knowledge, competencies and abilities.
  • Types of Qualifications: Apart from the Levels, the National Qualifications Framework adopts a set of Qualification Types.  The Qualification Types represent a group of titles with common features which are classified in the same level.

The following table of descriptors defining all Qualification Levels in formal education was produced between 30th May, 2013 and 30th January, 2014 by working groups whose members were selected by the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs, the General Secretariat for Lifelong Learning and the New Generation, the National Organisation for the Certification of Qualifications and Vocational Guidance (EOPPEP), the Greek Rectors’ Conference, the Technological Educational Institute Presidents’ and Vice-presidents’ Conference, the Ministry of National Defense, the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Tourism and the Ministry of Shipping & Island Policy. A  Committee for Referencing the National Qualifications Framework to the European Qualifications Framework has been formed, its members including representatives from the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs, the National Organisation for the Certification of Qualifications and Vocational Guidance (EOPPEP), the Greek Rectors’ Conference, the Technological Educational Institute Presidents’ and Vice-presidents’ Conference, the Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency (HQA), the social partners, as well as one person working (externally) for EOPPEP and two experts with international experience.

On 10 September 2014, under the provisions of para. 1 of article 12 Law 4283/2014, the following vocational education and training qualifications were specified along with the respective levels:

a. Level- 3 Vocational Training School (SEK) Certificate

b. General Upper Secondary School Certificate, awarded to General Lyceum (GEL) graduates

c. Level-4 Vocational Upper Secondary (EPAL) School  Certificate, awarded to Vocational Lyceum (EPAL) grade 3 graduates upon in-school examinations,

d. Level- 4 Vocational Upper Secondary School (EPAL) Degree, awarded to Vocational Lyceum (EPAL) grade 3 graduates upon in-school examinations,

e. Level- 5 Vocational Upper Secondary School Degree, awarded to EPAL Apprenticeship Class graduates

f. Level- 5 Vocational Training Diploma, awarded to Vocational Training Institute (IEK) graduates

The referencing of the Hellenic National Qualifications Framework to the European Qualifications Framework was completed with presentation made by the Greek delegation during the 33rd Meeting of the European Qualifications Framework Advisory Group on 2 December 2015, in Berlin.

The National Qualifications Framework referenced to the European Qualifications Framework

LEVELS
OF NATIONAL &
EUROPEAN
QUALIFICATIONS
FRAMEWORK

VOCATIONAL
EDUCATION
AND
TRAINING

GENERAL
EDUCATION

HIGHER
EDUCATION

1

PRIMARY EDUCATION LEAVING CERTIFICATE

2

LOWER SECONDARY EDUCATION LEAVING CERTIFICATE

3

DIPLOMA OF VOCATIONAL SPECIALISATION, EDUCATION AND TRAINING, LEVEL 3


(GRANTED TO GRADUATES OF THE APPRENTICESHIP YEAR OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHOOLS FOLLOWING A CERTIFICATION)



4

VOCATIONAL SCHOOL CERTIFICATE


VOCATIONAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION LEAVING CERTIFICATE

(EQUIVALENT TO THE COMMON UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION LEAVING CERTIFICATE), (GRANTED TO GRADUATES OF THE THIRD YEAR OF VOCATIONAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION FOLLOWING IN-SCHOOL EXAMS)


DIPLOMA OF VOCATIONAL SPECIALISATION, EDUCATION AND TRAINING, LEVEL 4


(GRANTED TO GRADUATES OF THE THIRD YEAR OF VOCATIONAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION FOLLOWING IN-SCHOOL EXAMS)

COMMON UPPER SECONDARY LEAVING CERTIFICATE LEVEL 4


(GRANTED TO GRADUATES OF COMMON UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION FOLLOWING IN-SCHOOL EXAMS)


5

DIPLOMA OF VOCATIONAL SPECIALISATION, EDUCATION AND TRAINING, LEVEL 5


(GRANTED TO GRADUATES OF THE APPRENTICESHIP YEAR OF VOCATIONAL UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION FOLLOWING CERTIFICATION)


DIPLOMA OF VOCATIONAL SPECIALISATION, EDUCATION AND TRAINING, LEVEL 5


(GRANTED TO GRADUATES OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING INSTITUTES FOLLOWING A CERTIFICATION)


DIPLOMA/CERTIFICATE OF A TERTIARY EDUCATION SCHOOL

(TERTIARY, BUT NOT HIGHER, EDUCATION)



6


HIGHER
EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
(UNIVERSITY
/TECHNOLOGICAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE)

7


MASTER
8


PhD DIPLOMA


Future planning

Greece's European Qualifications Framework Referencing report will be updated in 2016. It will incorporate reforms introduced in general and vocational education and training in the past few years, as illustrated in the National Strategic Framework for Upgrading Vocational Education and Training (Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs, April 2016) and Greece's National Reform Programme (Council of Economic Advisors of the Ministry of Finance in collaboration with the Ministry of the Interior and Administrative Reconstruction, the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs, the Ministry of Productive Reconstruction Environment and Energy, the Ministry of Economy, Development and Tourism, the Ministry of Shipping & Island Policy and the Ministry of Labour, Social Insurance and Social Solidarity, April 2016).

The National Qualifications Framework will be put into action with presidential decree issued by the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs and upon EOPPEP’s recommendation. The Presidential decree on the National Qualifications Framework will stipulate regulations for its implementation, particularly as far as its referencing to the European Qualifications Framework is concerned.

National Register of Qualifications

The National Register of Qualifications was produced in 2015 and it was linked tothe European Portal on Learning Opportunities and Qualifications in Europe.

The National Register of Qualifications lists all higher education qualifications. Learning outcome-based skills are classified under the National Qualifications Framework and have been referenced to the European Qualifications Framework; they can be found in English and in Greek at the following link http://proson.eoppep.gr/el

To this day, the National Register of Qualifications includes 674 qualification entries:

Hellenic Qualifications Framework (EPP) Level
CERTIFICATE & OTHER QUALIFICATIONS
ENTRY NO.
1
 PRIMARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATE
1
2
LOWER SECONDARY  SCHOOL  CERTIFICATE
1
3
LEVEL-1 VOCATIONAL TRAINING  CERTIFICATE
20
3
LEVEL-3 VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHOOL (SEK) SPECIALTY CERTIFICATE, AWARDED TO VOCATIONAL TRAINING SCHOOL (SEK) GRADUATES
-
4

LEVEL-4 GENERAL UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATE, AWARDED TO GENERAL LYCEUM (GEL) GRADUATES

1
4

LEVEL-4 VOCATIONAL UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOL (EPAL) CERTIFICATE  (EQUIVALENT TO GEL CERTIFICATE), AWARDED TO VOCATIONAL LYCEUM (EPAL) GRADE 3 GRADUATES UPON IN-SCHOOL EXAMINATIONS

1
4

LEVEL-4 VOCATIONAL UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOL (EPAL) DEGREE, AWARDED TO VOCATIONAL LYCEUM (EPAL) GRADE 3 GRADUATES UPON IN-SCHOOL EXAMINATIONS

19
4
VOCATIONAL SCHOOL (EPAS) CERTIFICATE
34
5
LEVEL-5 VOCATIONAL TRAINING DIPLOMA, INITIAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING
185
5

LEVEL-5 VOCATIONAL UPPER SECONDARY SCHOOL DEGREE, AWARDED TO EPAL APPRENTICESHIP CLASS GRADUATES

-
5
POST SECONDARY AND NON-HIGHER EDUCATION DEGREE
4
6
HIGHER EDUCATION (BACHELOR) DEGREE
220
7
MASTER'S DEGREE
151
8
DOCTORATE
37
TOTAL

674

Source: http://proson.eoppep.gr/el