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Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

Greece promotes, designs and implements initiatives, actions and national measures pertaining to the European and international landscape in education. By way of building international collaborations in the field of education, this policy aims to improve education quality, meet the economic and social needs of the Greeks and promote awareness of cultural diversity and the European and global heritage. 

The European and international dimension of education is promoted through: 

  • The participation of the country in the development and implementation of European Union educational programmes and policies
  • Participation in European and international organisations and their corresponding programmes
  • Development of national initiatives for the conclusion of bilateral and multilateral educational agreements
  • Promotion of the European and international dimension in curricula of all education levels
  • Promotion of Greek language education and enhancement of Greek studies abroad.

As member of the international community, Greece is promoting in the field of education bilateral and multilateral international collaborations. Educational actions and programmes are implemented in collaboration with international institutions whilst making efforts to diffuse international policies in the Greek educational system. The focus is on matters concerning human rights, children’s rights, participation in education and education for sustainable development.

The promotion of the European and international dimension in all education levels is one of the Greek educational policy objectives. The development of specific measures aiming to achieve the objectives of Europe 2020 strategy, the second period of the Bologna process and the Copenhagen process is, therefore, in progress. 

In the field of Pre-school and School Education, the development of the institution of exchanges and school twinnings with equivalent schools from abroad, as well as the participation of Greece in European projects such as Erasmus+ and e-Twinning, enforce the international dimension of the Greek education system and encourage pupil and teacher mobility. Furthermore, the individual actions promoting the digital school, the learning of foreign-languages and innovative subjects, self-evaluation have an affirmative influence in the learning mobility of teachers and pupils. 

Moreover, it is worth noting that Primary School, as well as Lower and Upper Secondary School, systematically offer subjects related to the European Union, European History and European Culture. The percentage of European related subjects to the whole curriculum content differs, based on the grade and course concerned. This percentage is about 10% on average.  

With regard to Higher Education, the main legislative development is Law 4009/2011 and Law 4076/2012 on the structure, operation, quality assurance of studies and the internationalisation of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). Law 4009/2011, which is the basic regulatory text for the structure of higher education, promotes specific measures towards the substantial internationalisation of HEIs and the promotion of student and academic staff mobility. The Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs focuses on the obstacles removal and the students' academics and administrative staff mobility facilitation and is mainly interested in transforming Greece from a country that sends students abroad, to an international destination upgrading the quality of Greek HEIs. Within this framework, on a national level, Greece has concluded bilateral and multilateral agreements with several countries in order to promote cultural and educational cooperation, while, at institutional level, all Universities and Technological Education Institutions cooperate with foreign institutions through their participation in programmes such as "Erasmus", or in other European or regional programmes. 

Furthermore, the Hellenic International University offers postgraduate programmes exclusively in English.

Greece, as all EU member states, has agreed to the following benchmark for learning mobility, which differentiates between two main areas — higher education and initial VET (Council conclusions on a benchmark for learning mobility, C 372/34, 20.12.2011). 
  1. Learning mobility in higher education. With a view to increasing the participation of higher education students in learning mobility: by 2020, an EU average of at least 20 % of higher education graduates should have had a period of higher education-related study or training (including work placements) abroad, representing a minimum of 15 ECTS credits or lasting a minimum of 3 months.
  2. Learning mobility in initial vocational education and training (I-VET).With a view to increasing the participation of initial vocational education and training students in learning mobility: by 2020, an EU average of at least 6 % of 18-34 year-olds with an initial vocational education and training qualification should have had an initial VET-related study or training period (including work placements) abroad lasting a minimum of 2 weeks, or less if documented by Europass.