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Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary


Higher Education Institutions’ administrative bodies, are established at Institution, Faculty and Department level. By virtue of Law 4009/2011, as amended and in force, University administrative bodies comprise the Council, the Rector and the Senate. As regards Faculties, administrative bodies consist of the Dean, the Dean’s Office and the Faculty’s General Assembly. Finally, as regards departments, administrative bodies consist of the President and the Assembly and, provided Sectors have been established, the Director of the Sector and the General Meeting of the Sector.

Respectively, the Technological Education Institutes’ administrative bodies comprise the Council, the President and the TEI Assembly. At Faculty level, administrative bodies include the School Director, the School Director’s Office and the General Assembly. Lastly, at a Department level, the governing bodies are the President and the Meeting of the Department and, provided that Sectors have been established, the Director of the Sector and the General Meeting of the Sector.

General information on Higher Education Institutions’ management is provided in Chapter 2 “Organization and Governance” and more specifically in section “Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level - Higher Education".

Requirements for Appointment

On Institution Level

The administrative bodies of a university are: a) the Council b) the Rector and c) the Senate, while the administrative bodies of an educational technological institutions entails the a) Council b) the President and c) the Assembly.

The Council

The Council comprises fifteen members. When in an Institution the number of professors is less than 50, then the members of the council are eleven. Members of the Board of Directors serve full four-year terms regardless of changes introduced in the number of teachers serving the rank of Professor.  A Board member cannot serve more than two consecutive terms in the same Board of the same institute.

The nine or seven members of the fifteen or eleven member Council respectively, are internal members of the institution and more specifically, eight or six members respectively, are full professors or associate professors, and one member is the institution’s student representative.  The remaining six or four members respectively, are external members.

At all institutions, responsibility for organizing the Council’s internal or external members appointment procedure lies with the  University Rector’s Office comprising the Rector and the Rector’s Deputies, or the TEI President’s Office comprising the President and the President’s Deputies. Three months before the retiring members’ tenure expiration, the Rector or President either calls an election or  publishes an open invitation  for the appointment of internal or external members respectively.

All full time professors and associate professors of the institution can be candidate internal members of the council. Professors who leave the institution before the termination of the four-year tenure are not permitted to submit candidacies. 

The requirement for the election of an external member is the wide recognition of the candidate in the fields of science, letters or arts. The candidate must have high-level qualifications and at least a degree of a domestic or foreign Higher Education Institution. Individuals who have had any kind of financial transaction for the purpose of profit with the institution in the last five years, as well as domestically active Higher Education full professors, or retired professors of the same HEI, are prevented from being candidates.

The president’s as well as the external Council members’ election is conducted separately by the internal members via open vote and requires a four fifth majority of all the internal members.

The Institution’s students’ representative is elected by the undergraduate and postgraduate students and PhD candidates. Undergraduate students having completed the first year of studies in the indicative curriculum context, post graduate students attending the first year of postgraduate studies and  PhD candidates attending the first three years of studies since their enrolment as PhD candidates are eligible for candidacy.Student representatives serve one-year terms and are not eligible for re-election.

The  institution’s Council primarily has the following competences:

  • to draw up, on recommendation of the Senate, a strategy for the institution’s development at local, national, European and international level and develop the institution’s special profile in the context of its mission and course,
  • to generally supervise and check on the institution’s operation in compliance with its Organizational Charter and lnternal Regulation,,
  • to grant approval on the institution’s Organizational Charter’s issuing and revising proposal,
  • to grant approval and  revise the  Internal Regulation,
  • to undertake initiatives enhancing the institution’s connection with society and economy, as well as its contribution to the country’s development,
  • to set directions towards the institution’s development upon which the rector draws up the planning agreements draft, to grant approval on such drafts  as well as  monitor and control that  the said agreements are implemented on an annual basis,
  • to granting approval on the institution’s annual regular budget, final budgetary report as well as the programme of public investments relating to it,
  • to grant approval on the annual programming and budgetary report on the development of the institution’s assets,
  • to terminate/dismiss deans
  • to set or not fees and the rate of fees for attendance at the institution’s postgraduate programmes, following the opinion of the relevant Dean.

The Rector (University Rectors and TEI President)

Eligible for the title of Rector are elected Professors serving the institute concerned. Rectors are elected by the professors and lecturers serving the institute. 

Voting takes place by secret ballot and direct, general suffrage. Elections for the post of Rector are proclaimed by the Institute's Board of Directors three months before the end of the current term.

A three-member (with an equal number of alternate members) Central Election Commission is responsible for organising the voting procedure. Upon decision of the Board of Directors, the commission is formed at least ten (10) working days before voting day, and is composed of Professors serving the Institute concerned.

Decisions for the appointment of four-year term Rectors are published through the Official Government Gazette. The Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs releases declaratory acts for the appointment of Rectors. Rectors are not eligible for second re-election in the same Institute.

In order to be assisted in his/her work, the rector appoints first rank professors or associate professors of the institution as his/ her deputies, to whom he /she conveys some of his/her  competences, by means of its decision, which is adopted by the Council.

The rector primarily assumes  the following competences. More specifically the rector:

  • Is head of and directs the institution, is responsible for its services smooth operation, supervises the laws, the Organizational Charter and the Internal Regulation implementation and makes sure there is cooperation between the institution’s bodies, the teaching staff and the students.
  • Represents the institution.
  • Prepares the Organisational Charter and the Internal regulation draft.
  • Prepares and reforms the annual regular budget and final budgetary report both for the institution and the public investments programme
  • Prepares and reforms the institution’s annual activities and general operation budgetary report.
  • Announces vacant professors’ positions.
  • Issues the institution’s staff’s appointment acts and grants them leaves of absence.
  • Allocates credits to educational, research and other institution’s activities in the corresponding  planning  agreement context..
  • Organizes and abolishes programmes of study by his/ her decision, issued following the Senate’s opinion and approved by the Council.

The Senate (University and the TEI Assembly)

The Senate is composed of:  a) the rector, b) the deans, c) the Heads of the Departments - up to two for each School - serving the Senate with a non-renewable two-year term; a system of rotation is used in order to secure representation for all Schools, d) one representative of the undergraduate students, one of the graduate students and one of the Ph.D. candidates, who are elected for a one-year tenure without the option of re-election, e) one representative of each personnel category, with a two-year tenure, elected from a joint election list through the collective vote of the members of the affiliate personnel category, and they participate with the right to vote in discussions concerning matters of the respective personnel category.

The exact synthesis and the number of the Senate members with the right to vote, as well as the conditions and all matters relevant to the implementation of the above, are provided for in the Organisation and the Internal Regulation of the institution accordingly.

The vice-rectors and the secretary of the institution are present at the Senate meetings, devoid however of the right to vote.

The Senate primarily assumes the following competences:

  • To draw up the institution’s educational and research policy.
  • To draw up a quality assurance policy implemented in the educational and research process.
  • To approve the implementation of financed research, educational and development related projects,
  • To approve regulations applying to first, second and third cycle of studies.
  • To decide on the organization of the programmes of study in collaboration with other HEIs and research centers in the country or abroad.
  • To decide on the beginning and end of the educational semesters.
  • Stating an opinion to the institution’s Council on faculties’ establishment, abolition, merger, separation, renaming or change of seat. 
  • Performing duties that cannot be assigned to other bodies serving the institute.

On Faculty level

The administrative bodies on a Faculty / School level are: a) the dean b) the deanery and c) the general assembly.

The Dean (University Faculty and the TEI Faculty Director)

The candidates for the position of the Dean should be full professors of acknowledged authority, possessing administrative experience, and who should submit their candidacy after a call for expression of interest is issued by the Rector, two months prior to the expiration of the outgoing dean’s tenure.

Deans are elected by Professors and lecturers serving the School and voting takes place by secret ballot and direct, general suffrage. They are appointed by the Rector for serving a four-year term and are not eligible for a second consecutive re-election.
Deans can be terminated for failing their duties upon sufficiently justified decision issued by the Board of Directors.

The faculty’s dean primarily assumes the following competences: He/She

  • convenes the dean’s office meetings, draws up the agenda, appoints members of  the dean’s office as rapporteurs on issues to be discussed, presides over its works,
  • supervises the implementation of the Departments’ Study Regulations and the  observance of the current provisions of the law, the Organizational Charter and the Regulation.
  • Makes sure that the dean’s office decisions are implemented.

The Deanery (University Dean’s Office and the TEI Faculty Director’s Office)

The Dean’s office is consists of: a) the dean of the school, b) the heads of the departments and c) a student representative devoid of the right to vote.

When Schools are administering one degree only, deanship includes one dean who is also acting as the department's chairman. He/she is selected by three professors who have been elected by the School’s general assembly and one student representative.  In this case, the School’s general assembly is also performing department assembly duties.

The Dean’s Office assumes, inter alia, the following competences:

  • To generally supervise the faculty’s operation and programmes of study.
  • To determine the faculty’s overall educational and research policy, to plan its course and development and the strategies employed and to prepare the regular budgetary report  on its relevant activities,  in the context of the institution’s policy and the Council’s, the Senate’s and the Rector’s decisions.
  • To rank students at the special programmes of study, if provided, following the successful completion of the general curriculum.
  • To award Honorary Doctorates and the titles of Emeritus Professor and Honorary Professor on recommendation of the Department’s Assembly.
  • To coordinate degrees together with other institutes upon recommendation of the Department's Assembly.
  • To coordinate deanship services.

The Faculty’s General Assembly comprises the school’s professors and lecturers, along with a representative from each category of the members of the Special Teaching Staff (EEP), the members of the Laboratory Teaching Staff (EDIP) and the members of the Special Technical Laboratory staff who are appointed by direct, secret and collective vote of the affiliate staff categories.

On Department Level

The administrative bodies on a department level, at University or Technological Institution, are: a) the President, b) the Department Assembly and if Sections have been established, c) the Head of the Section and d) the Section General Assembly.

The Department President

The Head of the Department is elected by Professors and lecturers serving the Department. Voting takes place by secret ballot and direct, general suffrage. They are serving two-year terms and are not eligible for a third consecutive re-election. The Head of the Department is responsible for:

  • calls the assembly, prepares the agenda, and appoints an assembly member as  rapporteur on the issues to be discussed,  presides over the assembly’s works and acts as rapporteur on issues for which no other assembly member has been appointed to do so,
  • makes sure that the programmes of study, the educational activities and the Internal Regulation are implemented,
  • draws up the department’s annual activities report and forwards it to the dean’s office.

The Department Assembly

The Department Assembly comprises the Department Professors and the in-service lecturers, one representative, per category, of the Special Educational Staff (EEP) members, the Laboratory and Teaching Staff (EDIP) members and the Special Technical and Laboratory Staff (ETEP) members respectively, as well as two student representatives of the Department (an undergraduate and a postgraduate student).The representatives of  the Special Educational Staff,  the Laboratory and Teaching Staff and the Special Technical and Laboratory Staff members are elected by direct, collective and secret vote concluded among their respective members.

The assembly primarily assumes the following competences:

  • to elect the Head of the Department
  • to implement the programmes of study and constantly enhance  learning in its context,
  • to state an opinion to the dean’s office on  ways  of improving the programmes of study.
  • to form groups for curriculum internal evaluation,,
  • to recommend the announcement of professors’ positions to the dean’s office and
  • to recommend the establishment of second and third cycle programmes of study to the faculty’s dean’s office.

Conditions of Service

 As already mentioned, the collective bodies constituting the Higher Education Institutions administrative bodies, comprise, as a rule, Professors-Teaching Staff of the relevant Institution, Faculty or Department respectively. As regards their conditions of service (salaries, working time, retirement /pensions, etc), they are extensively described in Chapter 9 «Teachers and Education Staff» and more specifically in section «Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education», subsection «Professional Status». Further reference is made under the "Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education" chapter.

More specifically, it must be pointed out that the capacities of rector, deputy rector and dean are incompatible with any other professional activity outside the institution, as well as with salaried positions held in the public or private sector. Exceptionally, Rectors, Vice-rectors and Deans are eligible to teach at the Hellenic Open University as Cooperating Teaching Staff whilst also performing their administrative, academic and teaching duties for the institute they serve. They are also eligible to teach at the International Hellenic University as visiting professors whilst performing their administrative, academic and teaching duties for the institute they serve. Permanent dismissal will be inflicted by the disciplinary board on the grounds of acting outside these strictly defined set of duties.

The salaries of University Rectors and Vice-rectors and TEI presidents are specified in joint decision issued by the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs and published in the Official Government Gazette.

According to Law 4076/2012, in case single-member administrative bodies are withdrawn for any reason including resignation or retirement, the relevant institution’s Senate appoints one of its members as their substitute. More specifically, in cases of the Rector’s  or some other single-member administrative body’s withdrawal before tenure expiration, the institution’s Senate appoints one of its members as the Rector’s substitute whose tenure expires at the end of the academic year in which substitution took place. Within the same time period the new Rector or single-member administrative body is elected. The new Rector’s or single-member administrative body’s tenure starts when the tenure of the appointed by the Senate substitute comes to an end. The abovementioned substitution periods are not considered full tenures.