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Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

Early Childhood Education and Care

According to Ministerial Decision 16065/17-4-2002, the administration body of Child and Infant Centres that constitute Municipal Public Entities, is the Board of Directors of each centre.  The Board of Directors is composed of municipal council members, residents or residents with relevant work and volunteer work experience or specialised knowledge, as well as representatives of parents/guardians and staff. The Board of Directors is a legal entity chaired by the Mayor or other elected or appointed member. One of the members of the Board of Directors is elected as its Managing Director.

Early Childhood and School Education

The administrative bodies of Primary and Secondary Education schools are the School Head, the Deputy School Head and the School Teachers Board. 

Training Centres (EK) are school units with an autonomous organisational structure. They work together with Vocational Lyceums (EPAL), Vocational Training Schools (SEK) and Vocational Training Institutes (IEK) registered in the same area.  EK Administration Members are: a) the EK Principal b) the EK Deputy Principal c) EK department managers, and c) EK direction training managers. Each EK has a teaching staff committee.

Although the administration of school buildings is conducted in the same manner at both Primary and Secondary Education, the following variations are observed by level of education:

Primary Education - Pre-Primary School

A Pre-primary teacher is the School Head of the school and therefore constitutes the main administrative body.

Primary Education - Primary School

A School Head is appointed to 4 Teacher-Position Primary Schools, i.e. primary schools where at least four (4) teachers are employed.  In addition, the School Head (who is a teacher of Primary Education) manages 1, 2 or 3 Teacher-Position Primary Schools.  In 10 Teacher-Position Primary Schools, employing at least ten (10) teachers, a Deputy School Head is also appointed.

Secondary Education - Lower Secondary Schools, Upper Secondary Schools, Vocational Upper Secondary Schools, Laboratory Centres (EK)


Teachers of all subject areas can be appointed as School Heads as long as they have worked in the relevant education level and similar types of schools.

a) In Secondary Education school units, Deputy School Heads are appointed when there is a minimum of nine (9) classes.  Schools with more than twelve (12) classes, appoint a second Deputy School Head.
b) EK centres operating on a day and afternoon or evening basis appoint a Deputy School Head when more than two hundred and fifty (250) students.
 

The School Teachers Board is a collective body composed of teachers working for the school, regardless of the type of their employment contract.  It is chaired by the School Head or an approved alternate School Head.

Teachers specialising on general-direction training programmes can be appointed as EK department managers. Teachers specialising on a specific-direction training programme can be appointed as school-training department managers.

For each specific-direction EK programme or school training programme, a teacher specialising on the specific subjects taught during training is appointed as manager.

According to Ministerial Decision F.353.1./324/105657/D1/8-10-2012, the School Head is on the top of the school community and carries administrative and pedagogical responsibility.  The School Head cooperates with School Advisors, Management executives, educators, and students and parents for the joint achievement of educational goals.

In particular, the School Head:

  • directs the school community to set high goals and ensure the conditions for creating a democratic school, open to society;
  • supervises the educators and coordinates their work; collaborates with them on an equal footing and in a spirit of solidarity; maintains and enhances the convergence of the School Teachers Board, encourages initiatives by educators, inspiring them and providing them with positive incentives;
  • represents the school in all its communication and dealings with third parties;
  • is responsible for the smooth operation of the school and the coordination of school life;
  • implements laws, presidential decrees, regulatory decisions, bulletins and departmental mandates of Administration Executives; s/he is responsible for compliance with them, and implements the decisions of the School Teachers Board;
  • is responsible for the organisation and operation of departments of Additional Teaching Support, of Remedial Teaching, of reception classes, of tutorial classes, of extended classes, of day schools and other educational innovations;
  • appoints, by order, the committees for examinations, for the collection of documents and the issuing of results and many other procedures necessary for the operation of the school;
  • prepares assessment reports on the teaching and administrative staff;
  • informs teachers, parents and pupils on educational policy objectives and school work;
  • In Secondary Education, apart from the responsibilities mentioned above, the School Head further updates and maintains the files of official changes of teachers' status of the school and is responsible for collecting and sending data on the remuneration of the staff of the school unit to the Directorate of Education;
  • If more than one Deputy School Heads have been appointed to the school, the School Head decides which one will serve as the School Head’s legal substitute and allocates responsibilities and tasks to them;
  • takes every measure which contributes to the smooth operation of the school.

The Deputy School Head replaces the School Head in all functions and helps him/her in his/her daily work.  The Deputy School Head assumes some of the responsibilities of the School Head, so as to enable the School Head to deal with the educational work of the school without distractions.

The School Teachers Board is responsible for establishing a plan of action for effective operation of the school. Decisions issued by the School Teachers Board always conform to current education legislation. Furthermore, the committee is responsible for the implementation of the Curriculum and daily timetable, student supervision, classroom maintenance and school management.  

Provisions in effect stipulate distinct responsibilities for Primary Education School Teachers Board, Secondary Education School Teachers Board, SEK School Teachers Board and EK School Teachers Board.

At local level  the administration of schools is exercised by the relevant Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education respectively.  These Directorates are supervised by Primary and Secondary Education Managers who supervise, guide and coordinate the work of schools. 

At regional level, the administration of education is performed by the Regional Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education respectively.  Regional Directorates are supervised by Regional Training Managers who monitor, coordinate, control and supervise the work of the Directors of Educational and School Units.

At central level, the administration of education is carried out by the Services and Boards of advisory and scientific nature operating at the Ministry of Education.  For the administration of education at central, regional or local level, detailed information can be found in Chapter 2 "Organisation and Governance", in particular in the sections "Administration and Governance in Central and/or regional level" and "Administration and Governance at Local and/or Legal Level."

Requirements for Appointment

Early Childhood Education and Care

The Board of Directors of the respective Public Child and Infant Centres, which is also its governing body, is composed of 5-15 members, which, along with their substitutes, are appointed by the Municipal Council.

The Board of Directors is composed of municipal council members, residents or residents with relevant work and volunteer work experience or specialised knowledge pertinent to the objective of these programmes.  Additionally, the Board of Directors includes a) one representative of the parents/guardians, who is appointed by the Parent/Guardian Committee along with his/her alternate representative,  and b) one representative of the school staff who is appointed at a staff meeting, along with his/her alternate representative.

Chairman of the Board of the Legal Entity is the Mayor or another elected or not member designated by him. The Vice President is elected by the Board among one of its members.

Early Childhood and School Education

Requirements for Appointment as a School Head

According to Law 3848/2010 as amended and in force, as directors of schools and Laboratory Centres (EC) can be appointed teachers of the relevant level with a minimum of ten (10) years educational service, who have performed teaching duties for eight (8) more years in Primary or Secondary Education.  Of those eight (8) years of conducting teaching duties, three (3) at least should have been at the same type of schools of the relevant level, completing at least 50% of their mandatory teaching hours.  Especially in School Units of Special Education (SMEAE) apart from teachers, members of the Special Educational Personnel (EEP) can also be selected as School Heads so long as they have at least ten years of educational service in SMEAE or Centres of Differential Diagnosis and Support of Special Educational Needs (KEDDY), of which at least three (3) years must have been served in a similar type of SMEAE.

If the teachers of the school unit do not fulfil the condition of eight (8) years of teaching service, teachers with less service time may also be considered as candidates.

Specifically:

  • According to Presidential Decree 323/1993, teachers of all disciplines serving in Primary Education, including English teachers in Primary Education, Physical Education teachers in Primary Education and Music teachers in Primary Education may be considered as candidates for Primary School Head posts.
  • Teachers of the PE60 sector can be considered as candidates for the posts of School Heads of Pre-Primary Schools.
  • Teachers of Secondary Education, sectors PE 01 up to PE 20, PE 32 and PE 33 can be considered as candidates for the posts of School Heads of Secondary Education Schools (Lower Secondary Schools, Upper Secondary Schools, EPAL).
  • Teachers of Secondary Education sectors PE12, PE 14, PE 17, PE 18, PE 19 and PE 20 can be considered as candidates for the posts of Directors of EK.
  • To apply for the post of School Head in gymnasiums, lyceums and lyceum classes running within Youth Detention Centres, teachers must have at least three (3) years’ work experience in such centres.
  • Regarding applications for the post of School Head in Special Education Schools (SMEAE):
  • for the post of School Head in Primary Special Education Schools (EAE), applicants must be permanently employed teachers specialising in any subject administered in these schools, including teachers specified in Presidential Decree 323/1993, as long as they meet requirements for appointment to and placement in SMEAE schools or have been appointed to SMEAE schools or KEDDY centres or have at least three years’ teaching experience in SMEAE schools or KEDDY centres, or members of Special Education Staff (EEP).
  • for the post of School Head in Secondary Vocational and Special Education Schools (special education gymnasiums, special education general lyceums, special vocational gymnasiums, special EPAL and EEEEK schools), applicants must be permanently employed as Secondary Education teachers specialising in the relevant subject areas, as long as they meet requirements for appointment to and placement in SMEAE schools or have been hired to SMEAE schools or KEDDY centres or have at least three years’ teaching experience in SMEAE schools or KEDDY centres, or members of Special Education Staff (EEP).  For the post of School Head in EEEEK schools only, applicants can also be sector ΠΕ70 Primary Education teachers and teachers specified in Presidential Decree 323/1993, as long as they meet requirements outlined in this paragraph.
  • For posts of School Heads of the following types of schools:
  1. School Heads in Multicultural Education: teachers holding a foreign language title, preferably in the country of origin of the majority of students, at least B2 level.
  2. School Head positions in Musical or Art Schools: teachers who have the special qualifications needed for placement in these schools.
  3. School Head positions in Experimental and Model Schools: teachers of primary and secondary schools that have at least 18 months of experience in a post or position in service in one of the schools defined by the law as experimental or as model, managing training qualifications in other similar schools and a PhD degree or postgraduate qualification.
  •  As Deputy School Heads in Primary Schools, Head of Teachers in multi-class primary schools and pre-primary schools, Deputy School Heads in Secondary Education School Units or EK, can be considered teachers with at least eight years of teaching experience, serving at the time of selection at a post relevant to the position. As a special condition for the appointment of a Deputy School Head or Department Supervisor in an EC, the teacher must teach in a sector or specialty provided by the EC.
  • Especially for School Units of Special Education, members of the Special Scientific Personnel (EEP) with a minimum of eight (8) years educational experience can be appointed as Deputy School Heads, so long as they are serving, at the time of appointment, in a post or position in the relevant SMEAE.When teachers do not meet the eight-year work experience requirement, applicants with less than eight years’ work experience can be considered.

General Selection Criteria of Education Executives (School Heads and Deputy School Heads, Directors of schools, Laboratory Centres and School Heads of Pre-Primary Schools and multi-class primary schools)

 The education staff selection criteria are:

  • The scientific-pedagogical training, as established by the information of the candidate's dossier and relevant evidence.
  • The service status, guiding and management experience, according to the information in the candidate’s file.
  • The contribution of the candidate in educational work, as indicated by the positions in which they have served, and the personality and the general conduct of the candidate. This criterion is assessed by secret ballot of the teachers' association of the school unit for which the candidate will be chosen. The personality characteristics that have emerged in everyday school life, such as personality, ethics, honesty, a sense of justice, democratic behaviour, professional development and consistency skills are assessed through this secret ballot.This is an indicative list of the skills required: communication and teamwork skills, taking initiative, problem solving (particularly problems relating to the teaching process, school administration, coordination and management), as well as the ability to create appropriate learning environments that encourage effective teaching performance.

Conditions of Service

Early Childhood and School Education

Choice of School Heads for Primary and Secondary Education School Units and Directors of EK

The School Heads in Primary and Secondary Education and the Directors of Laboratory Centres (EK), are chosen following aggregation of all their credits, by decision of the Regional Director of Education, following a decision of the regional councils of Primary or Secondary Education (PYSPE - PYSDE), where appropriate, with the participation of a School Head and a teacher with at least fifteen years of educational experience.

In particular, the selection process is as follows:

  • Following call for applications, teachers who wish to apply for the post of School Head in Primary and Secondary schools and EK centres, are required to send to the respective Regional Directorate of Education supporting documentation as proof of their existing qualifications. Applicants are also required to state their preference for the vacancies announced.
  • A list of successful and unsuccessful applications will be released by the Regional Directorates of Education along with separate school-preference lists based on calculation of the selection-criteria points awarded to the applicants.
  • These lists are forwarded and posted on bulletin boards at the Regional Directorates of Education.
  • Regional Directorates of Education are also responsible for compiling lists of electors per school and EK centre.  Permanent and substitute teachers can participate in the secret ballot. These lists are also forwarded to the respective school units.
  • Following teaching staff meetings and before proceeding with a secret ballot, each school and EK committee appoints a three-member election commission.
  • Regional Directorates of Education are responsible for compiling the final list of applicants for each school or EK centre. This includes the total sum of awarded points based on 
  • scientific-pedagogical training and expertise,
  • working experience in leadership and administration, and
  • the sum of points awarded through the secret ballot carried out by the teaching staff committee.
  • It is possible to make an objection against these lists within a strictly enforced deadline of three (3) days. Regional Service Councils for Primary and Secondary Education (PYSPE and PYSDE) are responsible for settling objection cases. Updated lists are then submitted for approval to the Regional Directorate of Education.  Upon proposal released by PYSPE and PYSDE councils, School Heads are placed in schools and EK units.
  • When there are no applications or when required criteria for selection are not met, School Heads can be appointed by PYSPE or PYSDE councils.

 

Selection of Deputy School Heads and Assistant Directors of EK, Department Managers of EK, School Heads of Pre-Primary Schools and Multi-Class Schools

Deputy School Heads in Primary and Secondary Education schools, Assistant Directors and EK department managers, and school heads working in two-seater and three-seater Primary and Pre-primary Schools, are selected by the responsible bodies under procedure stipulated in Law 3848/2010 as amended and in effect. Their appointment takes place upon decision issued by the responsible Director of Education.

The selection process is as follows:

  • After appointing the School Heads in school and EK units, the responsible Director of Education announces call for applications for teachers who meet the essential qualification requirements and wish to be appointed as deputy school heads, EK assistant directors and EK department managers. Their applications must be submitted to the School Head of the school they are officially appointed to. Similarly, the responsible Director of Education announces call for applications for teachers who meet the essential qualification requirements and wish to be appointed as school heads in two-seater and three-seater Primary and Pre-primary Schools. Their applications must be submitted by the deadline specified by relevant ministerial decisions.
  • Applicants must state their preference for the vacancies announced as follows:
  1. Non-supernumerary candidate deputy principals for posts in the schools they are officially appointed to.
  2. Candidate school heads in two-seater and three-seater Primary and Pre-primary Schools for posts in the schools they are officially appointed to.
  3. Non-supernumerary candidate assistant director and EK department managers for relevant posts in EK centres that operate as part of the school they are officially appointed to, provided that they have worked for an EK centre for at least two (2) school terms, either as officers or teachers and covering at least eight (8) school hours per week.
  4. Teachers who meet application requirements for the post of school head in EPAL schools and the post of EK asssistant director or EK department manager, can apply for one of these posts only.
  • Primary and Secondary education deputy school heads, EK assistant directors and EK department managers, are selected through a secret ballot carried out by the teachers school board. Their appointment to these posts is approved by the relevant Service Council and their placement is enacted upon decision issued by the responsible Director of Education.When Service Councils do not approve the person selected by the teachers school board, a fully justified statement must be sent to the Regional Director of Education who is responsible for making the final decision.
  • School heads in two-seater and three-seater Primary and Pre-primary Schools are selected by the relevant regional service council and their placement is enacted upon decision issued by the responsible Director of Education.

 

Service of School Heads and Deputy School Heads and Directors and Assistant Directors of EK, Department Managers of EK, School Heads of Pre-Primary and Multi-Class Schools and entry into service

The selection and placement of executives of public education is for two (2) years, starting with the placement and ending on July 31 of the second year after their selection.

The selection and placement in the vacant positions is for the remainder of that term.  Those posted in these positions remain in office until the assumption of the office by new executives.

Discharge of School Heads and Deputy School Heads and Directors and Assistant Directors of EK, School Heads of  Pre-Primary and Multi-Class Schools from the exercise of their duties

The Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs, or the competent Regional Director of Education, upon reasoned consent of the competent service council, can decide to discharge the holders of executive positions from the exercise of their duties:

  • for compelling personal or family reasons, or health reasons, upon their request, or
  • on serious grounds of incorrect exercise of their official duties.

The competent service council decides on the discharge of an executive for poor performance of their duties, following a relevant question by the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs, or the competent Regional Director of Education and after a hearing process before the Board has been held.

The education executives are not allowed to take a sabbatical for postgraduate studies or a doctoral degree, unless they are relieved of office after submitting the application.

Transfers - placements of executives after leaving office

  • School Heads and Deputy School Heads, Directors, Assistant Directors and Department Managers of EK may be transferred as teachers during their term of office at their request and in accordance with the provisions governing teachers' transfers. In this case they undertake service in their new post at the end of their term.
  • These executives revert, after expiry of their term, unless reselected, in teaching posts at the school unit in which they belong or are located in the unit where they have been transferred. If the above positions are no longer available, they are placed in vacancies of schools of their choice by the Minister of Education, Research and Religious Affairs or the relevant regional education or training director, where appropriate, following a recommendation by the competent service council.
  • School Heads working in schools whose operation has been terminated can apply for transfer (for the remaining time of service) to vacancy in a school of their preference. The responsible Regional Director of Education is in charge of the transfer subject to proposal made by the relevant service council.

Salaries of School Heads and Deputy School Heads, Directors and Assistant Directors of EK, School Heads of Pre-Primary schools and multiclass schools

Regarding the monthly compensation of these executives, they receive a wage as all teachers, according to Law 4354/2015 as described in Chapter 9, "Teachers and Education Staff" and specifically in "Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education", subsection "Salaries". However, according to the same Law, executives, for as long as they are on duty, receive an additional monthly allowance defined at level of education, as follows:

• School Heads of General and Vocational Upper Secondary Schools, KEDDY and EEEEK: 300 euros, and if the schools have at least six (6) classes, 350 euros.

• School Heads of Primary schools with four or more classes, Lower Secondary Schools and Directors of Laboratory Centres: 250 euros, and if the schools have at least nine (9) classes, 300 euros.

• Deputy School Heads, Assistant Directors and Department Managers of EK: 150 euros.

• School Heads of Pre-Primary Schools and in one, two, or three class Primary Schools: 100 euros.

Concerning the salaries of School Heads of Primary and Secondary Education, more specific information can be found in the new edition of the European Eurydice "Teachers' and school heads' salaries and allowances in Europe 2015/16".

Regarding working hours, and generally the mobility of School Heads and Deputy School Heads and Directors and Assistant Directors of EK, School Heads of Pre-Primary schools and Multi-Class Primary schools, detailed information can be found in Chapter 9 "Teachers and Education Staff" and specifically in "Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education ".