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Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

Early childhood education in Greece is offered in Pre-primary schools (Nipiagogeia) under the competence of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs and in Child (Paidikoi Stathmoi) and Infant/Child Centers (Vrefonipiakoi Stathmoi) under the auspices of Municipalities as well as in respective private pre-school education centers.

Pre-school education and care offered in pre-primary schools is part of Primary Education. Pre-primary schools (Nipiagogeia) accept children at the age of four and five years; attendance, however, is compulsory only for children at the age of five years. An All-day Pre-primary school operates in parallel to the ordinary Pre-primary school with a broadened daily schedule. The aim is to fully prepare the child for Primary School, support working parents and reinforce the role of state care in order to eliminate any educational-social discrimination (Law 2525/1997).

Special emphasis is placed on the smooth transition of children from pre-primary school to primary school, constituting a landmark in their development having decisive effects on their personality and overall school progress. This transition does not only concern the child but also all persons and bodies related to it. In particular, pre-primary school purpose, as stipulated in the framework Law 1566/1985, is to help children develop physically, emotionally, mentally and socially and in particular:

  • Develop their senses and organize their actions, motor and mental ones
  • Enrich and organize their experiences from the physical and social environment and acquire the skill to differentiate the relations and their interactions therein
  • Develop the ability to comprehend and express themselves with symbols and particularly in the fields of language, mathematics and aesthetics
  • Forge interpersonal relations boosting their gradual and harmonious social inclusion
  • Develop initiatives freely and effortlessly in an organized environment and to adjust in the two-way relation between an individual and a group

Child (Paidikoi Stathmoi) and Infant/Child Centers (Vrefonipiakoi Stathmoi) constitute premises of education and safe accommodation for children at the preschool age of 2,5 up to 5 years and at the age of 6 months up to 5 years respectively, aiming at:

  • Offering comprehensive preschool care, following the most up-to-date scientific developments.
  • Supporting children in developing physically, mentally, emotionally and socially in a holistic manner.
  • Eliminating to the extent possible any discrepancies arising from their families’ cultural, economic and educational level.
  • Raising parents’ awareness in modern pedagogy and psychology issues.
  • Helping preschool children in their smooth transition from family to school environment.
  • Offering daily nutrition and care to children adhering to health and safety rules.

Pre-primary school (Nipiagogeio) attendance is free of charge whereas Child (Paidikoi Stathmoi) and Infant/Child Centers (Vrefonipiakoi Stathmoi) may require board fees on a monthly basis for the families of hosted children, depending on their economic capabilities. The Child and Infant Center Board of Directors establish the circumstances for a family to be exempted from this contribution or pay a lower one.