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Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

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Overview Greece

Contents

Greece:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Greece:Historical Development

Greece:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Greece:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Greece:Political and Economic Situation

Greece:Organisation and Governance

Greece:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Greece:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Greece:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Greece:Organisation of Private Education

Greece:National Qualifications Framework

Greece:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Greece:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Greece:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Greece:Funding in Education

Greece:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Greece:Higher Education Funding

Greece:Adult Education and Training Funding

Greece:Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 4 years

Greece:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 4 years

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:Primary Education

Greece:Organisation of Primary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Greece:Assessment in Primary Education

Greece:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Greece:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Greece:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Greece:Higher Education

Greece:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Greece:First Cycle Programmes

Greece:Bachelor

Greece:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Greece:Second Cycle Programmes

Greece:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Greece:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Greece:Adult Education and Training

Greece:Distribution of Responsibilities

Greece:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Greece:Main Providers

Greece:Main Types of Provision

Greece:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Greece:Teachers and Education Staff

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece: Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Greece:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Management and Other Education Staff

Greece:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Greece:Management Staff for Higher Education

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Greece:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Quality Assurance

Greece:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Greece:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Educational Support and Guidance

Greece:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Greece:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Greece:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Greece:Mobility and Internationalisation

Greece:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Mobility in Higher Education

Greece:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Greece:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Greece:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Greece:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Greece:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Greece:National Reforms in School Education

Greece:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Greece:National Reforms in Higher Education

Greece:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Greece:European Perspective

Greece:Legislation

Greece:Institutions

Greece:Glossary

Pupil/Students Assessment

Based on the Presidential Decree 409/1994, pupil assessment is the continuous educational process whereby his/her learning progress is monitored, its final outcomes are determined and the pupil's personality features related to the school work are valued. Assessment constitutes an instrumental element of the teaching-learning process, beginning with the determination of targets and being completed with the control of the attainment thereof. 

Subjects administered in Gymnasiums are grouped into three categories: 

Group A Subjects

  1. Modern Greek Language and Literature 
  2. Mathematics 
  3. Physics 
  4. History

Group B Subjects

  1. Ancient Greek Language and Literature (Ancient Greek Language, Translated Ancient Greek texts)
  2. Chemistry
  3. Biology
  4. Geology-Geography
  5. Social and Political Studies 
  6. Religion
  7. English 
  8. Second Foreign Language 
  9. Home Economics

Group C Subjects

  1. Technology-Informatics
  2. Music-Art
  3. Physical Education

The number of subjects administered in each Gymnasium grade is specified in the taught times schedule.  Students are assessed for each subject separately.  Teachers of the subjects are wholly responsible for carrying out the assessment, whose result depends on the marks achieved in the oral tests administered for each subject and the written follow-up, promotion or school-leaving tests administered to students at the end of the school term.

Oral Tests

Oral test results are produced at the end of each quarter (each school-term runs in two quarters) and are recorded in students’ performance portfolios which are reported to parents/guardians.

 Criteria for the assessment of students’ performance during school-term are as follows:

  • classroom participation (questions and answers, teamwork, homework diligence), which helps teachers identify and assess each student’s knowledge level as well as his/her problem-solving, communication, critical thinking and creative skills,
  • individual and group exercises assigned as part of the daily learning process, at school or as homework,
  • individual or group multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary exercises,
  • one-hour classroom written tests with notice, when follow-up, or without notice, when assessing previous-lesson topics.  For Group A subjects there is one written classroom assessment only, which is administered during the first quarter.  For Group B subjects there is one written classroom assessment administered during the first quarter and, optionally, a second one for the second quarter. For Group C subjects there is no written classroom assessment,
  • short written tests, not more than three (3) per subject for each quarter, last for ten (10) minutes maximum.  Questions must refer to topics covered in the previous lesson and teacher must make sure that answers can be produced within the time available.

Written Promotion and School-leaving Follow-up Assessments

Between 1st and 30th June, schools are delivering:

  • the first period of examinations, which includes written follow-up tests on Group A subjects,
  • the tuition support programme for students who do not meet next-grade promotion or school-leaving requirements and must therefore resit an examination,
  • the second period of examinations, which runs for students who must resit follow-up exams on certain subjects. These include an oral and a written test for Group A subjects. For all other subjects, tests are oral.

Written promotion and school-leaving examinations are administered in Gymnasiums under responsibility of the Principal and the teaching staff committee.  Schedule for promotion and school-leaving examinations is specified by the Teaching Staff Committee and is announced to students by the Gymnasium Principal at least three (3) days before commencement of the annual teaching schedule.

Subject to assessment is two third (2/3) of the total syllabus.  It is not possible to assess less than half of the syllabus. Teachers are responsible for selecting and properly defining the syllabus content that will be assessed. When a subject is taught by more than one teacher, these teachers must work together in order to produce syllabus content for assessment.  This content is then submitted to and approved by the Principal.  It is announced to students five (5) working days before the final lesson. 

Tests are prepared on the day of examination by teachers who have taught the subject assessed.  All classes sit the same tests.  Exceptionally, it is possible to administer different tests on the same subject, when important reason to do so.  At least one (1) teacher/exam invigilator is present during the assessment; invigilators are responsible for signing, collecting and submitting to the responsible markers students’ written answers/essays.

Grading School-year Performance

School-year performance for Group A subjects is the total sum of one third of the total sum of marks awarded during the first quarter, one third of the total sum of marks awarded during the second quarter and one third of the mark achieved in the written follow-up test.

School-year performance on Group A and B subjects is the average score awarded during the first and the second quarter.

If, for some reason, score for one quarter is missing, it must be replaced with score awarded during the other quarter. 

The grading scale used for calculating student performance  on all subjects ranges from zero (0) to twenty (20) and comes with the following descriptions:

  • "Fail"………. 01-10
  • "Fair"………. 10 -121/2
  • "Good" ……….12 ½ -151/2
  • "Very Good"……….15 ½ -18 ½
  • "Excellent"……….18 ½ -20

Only whole numbers are used for pupils' assessment.  However, when calculating the average mark of each subject, any fractional part is considered as a whole mark, if it is equal or higher than half a mark.  If it is lower than half a mark, then it is omitted.

The overall annual progress mark is the average of marks for group A and B subjects, with any fractional part in this case.

Pupils who successfully graduate from grades A and B are awarded a performance report allowing them to be admitted to the next grade, whereas the graduates of grade C are awarded a Junior High School Graduation Certificate.

Progression of Pupils/Students

Student promotion to grades A and B or school graduation (at the end of grade C)

  • take place when school-year performance is ten (10) for each subject or
  • when average score on school-year performance is thirteen (13).

If the aforementioned promotion or school graduation requirements are not met, students must repeat examination for the subjects with a lower than ten (10) average score.  The School Principal is responsible for designing support tuition programmes for underachieving students; these are carried out at the end of the first period of examinations for all Group A and B failed subjects.   In particular, a five to ten (5-10) hour support tuition programme is delivered for each subject, depending on students’ learning needs.  Its implementation is assigned to teachers who are members of the school’s teaching staff committee.  Repeat examinations are administered for the aforementioned students during the third ten-day period of June (second period of examinations).

Repeat tests for first group (Group A) subjects are oral and written. Oral tests are carried out before written tests. Repeat tests for first and second group (Group B and C) subjects are oral.

When grade A and grade B students fail a repeat examination and, subsequently, promotion, they have to re-attend the same grade.

For grade C students who have failed repeat exams and, subsequently, school graduation, there is an option to re-sit examinations before the start of the new term in September (third period of examinations), for subjects whose school-year performance is less than ten (10), as well as next-year examinations.  Procedure for the examinations administered in September is the same as the one implemented for June’s repeat examinations.

If student fails in a certain area of a subject and the total average score of all areas of the same subject is also failing, then student shall resit for failing area only.

The average score required for the promotion or graduation of students with disabilities and special educational needs is less than the ordinary score: at least twelve (12).

Essential requirement for promotion or school graduation for all Gymnasium students is sufficient class attendance during the school year.

For Gymnasium grade A and B graduates a report produced on student performance allows them to enroll in the next grade.  Transcripts are issued by the school and include the name of the school, year and grade, grades earned for each subject per quarter (oral grade), grades for written tests administered per subject, school-year performance score per subject (the average score of oral and written grades), and the graduation General Grade.  Description of the student’s conduct is also included in the report.

Certification

Lower secondary school graduates are awarded the Leaving Certificate (Apolytirio), issued by the school unit the pupil graduated from.

The Graduation Certificate indicates both in words and figures the pupil’s detailed grades per course during the school year, as well as the general degree of annual performance, which is the general of the grades in the courses separately and at the same time the General Graduation Degree, which may also include a fraction. Such degree is also accompanied by the following classifications: "Fair", "Good", "Very Good", "Excellent", whereas apart from the General Graduation Grade and the detailed grades, it also states the conduct and behavior of the pupil throughout the school year.

The Junior High School Graduation Certificate is issued by the school unit from where the pupil graduated and constitutes an official state document, which bears the signature of the Principal, as the responsible person, as well as the signatures of the Deputy Principal and members of the Teachers’ Board, who collectively constitute the governing bodies of the relevant school unit.  The Junior High School Graduation Certificate is drafted after the issuance of the results for each year of graduation, on the basis of the relevant provisions that are universally valid for and applicable to all the Junior High Schools in the Greek territory. It bears the emblem of the Hellenic Republic, the name and seal of the school unit issuing it, as well as that of the Regional Directorate of Secondary Education, under which the school falls, as well as a protocol number and a date. Graduation Certificates are issued only once and only for school use, whereas the Studies Degrees and Certificates are issued without limitation, yet they are destined for extracurricular use.

With regard to its content, the Graduation Certificate bears the photograph of the pupil, whereas under the title of the school and the type of the studies degree there are the personal details of the pupil -based on the details mentioned in the ID Card or the Passport or the Certificate of Marital Status of the pupil- such as their name and surname, father’s and mother’s name, their date of birth, the Municipal Register Number, their nationality and religion.

Holders of a Lower Secondary School Leaving Certificate are presented with the following possibilities: