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France:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview France

Contents

France:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

France:Historical Development

France:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

France:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

France:Political and Economic Situation

France:Organisation and Governance

France:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

France:Lifelong Learning Strategy

France:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

France:Organisation of Private Education

France:National Qualifications Framework

France:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

France:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

France:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

France:Funding in Education

France:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

France:Higher Education Funding

France:Adult Education and Training Funding

France:Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Primary Education

France:Organisation of Primary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

France:Assessment in Primary Education

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

France:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Higher Education

France:Types of Higher Education Institutions

France:First Cycle Programmes

France:Bachelor

France:Short-Cycle Higher Education

France:Second Cycle Programmes

France:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

France:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

France:Adult Education and Training

France:Distribution of Responsibilities

France:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

France:Main Providers

France:Main Types of Provision

France:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

France:Teachers and Education Staff

France:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

France:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Management and Other Education Staff

France:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

France:Management Staff for Higher Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Quality Assurance

France:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

France:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

France:Educational Support and Guidance

France:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

France:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

France:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

France:Mobility and Internationalisation

France:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Mobility in Higher Education

France:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

France:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

France:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

France:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:National Reforms in School Education

France:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

France:National Reforms in Higher Education

France:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

France:European Perspective

France:Legislation

France:Glossary

Requirements for Appointment

The quality of primary and secondary education teaching is controlled and evaluated by inspectors. According to the organic Law on finance laws (LOLF), inspectors “contribute to the steering of the education system and help the education system achieve quantitative and qualitative objectives determined by the minister and the national representation". Circular n°. 2009-064 of 19-5-2009 specifies, within this context, the tasks of the inspection services, abrogating the previous circular of 17 June 2005. In this new circular, the notions of “evaluation" and "steering by evaluation" are highlighted, as is the role of the academy recteurs, who can impose “priority missions” upon the inspectors, in addition to the quantitative and qualitative objectives aimed at improving teaching quality and school results.
There are different inspection functions.

Requirements for Appointment for IENs (national education inspectors)

IENs work in various fields: first-level education, information and guidance, general and technical education (for certain categories ofcollège teachers).
First-level IENs are usually assigned to a primary school district. They carry out inspections and evaluate teachers, organise continuing training programmes and education days, perform a significant number of administrative tasks, and give their opinion on teacher nominations and promotions.
IEN-IOs (national education inspectors-information and guidance) are technical consultants to the inspecteur d'académie on matters of guidance. They are in charge of implementing guidance policy and organising guidance services at the département level.
IEN-ETs (national education inspectors-technical education) carry out inspections of professional classes in secondary schools. Their inspections are broken down by discipline: economy and management, industrial sciences and techniques, biological sciences, and applied social sciences.

IENs are recruited via a competitive exam, list of aptitude or secondment.

The exam is open, for each discipline specialisation, to teachers, orientation or management personnel with at least 5 years experience. Applicants must have a licence or equivalent degree. The applicants selected based on a motivation dossier must pass an oral admission test.

A list of aptitude is established every year for each specialisation. Primary or secondary education teachers, education or orientation personnel or managers of education institutions with ten years effective service in this capacity and aged at least forty can feature on this list.

Secondment to the IEN category is open to managers of education institutions belonging to the 1st or hors-classe category with five years effective service in this category; 2nd category university professors, lecturers, 1st category assistant professors, chair professors and agrégé teachers.
For their training, IENs have had to undergo an institutional positioning training session since 2009, organised by the École supérieure de l'Éducation nationale (ESEN) in Poitiers as soon as they pass the exam. They become trainees with responsibilities in an academy from 1st September and continue their professional training for one year. The placement period is organised based on training modules (management, steering of the education system etc.), work placements in an administration and/or in a public service grande école, and in a company. A European module including a seminar followed by a study trip to a European country is also proposed.

Requirements for Appointment for IA-IPRs (academy inspectors - regional educational inspectors)

IA-IPRs are assigned to a particular académie and are part of a team of inspectors under the authority of therecteur. They act as consultants to the recteur on matters related to their discipline. They also assist in analysing and improving the operation of the education system at the académie level and help organise tests and exams.

In general secondary schools and general and technical lycées, they carry out inspections, evaluations, and provide help and assistance to teachers, with special attention to beginners.

It is interesting to note that professeurs agrégés are no longer inspected, but "visited".
Principal of collèges and proviseurs of lycées are responsible for performing administrative evaluations of their teachers.
IA-IPRs are recruited by a competitive exam, list of aptitude or secondment.

The following permanent civil servants can apply for the exam: 2nd category university professors, lecturers, 1st category assistant professors, chair professors, agrégé teachers, 1st category and hors-classe management personnel from education or training institutions, and national education inspectors who have completed, as of 1st January of the exam year, five years effective full-time service or equivalent in teaching, training, management, inspection or supervision functions.

A list of aptitude is established for each specialisation. Hors-classe national education inspectors (IEN) with ten years effective service in this capacity and who have occupied, as permanent IEN, the functions corresponding with their category in at least two postings, can feature on this list.

 Secondment to the IA-IPR category is notably open to 2nd category university professors; 1st category lecturers and assistant professors; chair professors and agrégé teachers.
Training conditions are the same as those of IENs (see above).


Conditions of Service

Career advancement for the Inspecteurs de l’Education nationale (IEN–National Education Inspectors)

The joint inspection unit of National Education offers over 100 promotions per year with access to hors class (senior inspectors).
45% of the unit's staff are hors class

The IEN unit is composed of the two following classes:

  • There are 10 levels from 416 gross grade to 966 gross grade in the normal class. The hors  class is composed of 8 levels and culminates in the letter A hors scale.
  • Access to hors class is determined from among the IENs listed on the annual promotion table, having reached the 7th level of the normal class and having worked for a sufficiently long time as a tenured IEN with missions relating to their unit in at least two postings or functions

There is a ratio of some 100 promotions per year.

Career advancement for Inspectors – regional education inspectors (IA –IPR)

The IA-IPR unit includes two classes:

  • the normal class with 7 levels from a 701 gross grade to the letter A "hours scale"; moving up a level occurs every 2.25 years
  • the hors class culminates in the letter B hors scale; access to the hors class is determined from among the IA-IPR listed on the annual promotion table, having reached the 6th level of the normal class and justifying six years of effective service as a tenured inspector in the unit.

The inspector unit of the regional academy education inspectors offers over 100 promotions per year with access to the hors class.
 48% of the staff are hors class.


Remuneration of National Education inspectors (IEN)

IEN normal class

  • Start of career average regrading to 8th level: €32,869, net salary
  • End grade: €36,198, net salary


IEN hors class

  • Start grade before regrading: €24,024, net salary
  • End grade : €44,519, net salary

Allowances
Flexible function allowances

  • first level IEN: €5,405
  • second level IEN: €8,000


"110 days" allowance

  • First level IEN: €3,219.70


Residence allowance (in % of gross salary)

  • zone 1: 3%
  • zone 2: 1%
  • zone 3: 0


Family salary supplement (monthly):

  • 2 children: €109.43
  • 3 children: €278.61
  • each additional child: €202.10


The family salary supplement indicated on a base of the 711 increased grade, or the 8th IEN level
First level deputy inspectors of the academy inspector, director of departmental services of the national education, benefit from a co-ordinator's allowance.
Flexible allowance that the IENs may benefit from are linked to the functions exercised and the manner of service.
As soon as the job starts at the trainee level, the IENs are immediately reclassed and benefit from tenured remuneration and the allowance system.
Minister of National Education, Youth and Associative Life – updated: August 2011

Remuneration of Academy inspector – regional education inspectors (IA-IPR)

IA-IPR normal class

  • Start of career, average regrading, 5th level: € 36,198, net salary
  • End grade: €44,519, net salary


IA-IPR hors class

  • Start grade, before regrading: € 40,728, net salary
  • End grade: €48,911, net salary


Allowances
Administrative charges allowance

  • average rate: €8,000

Residence allowance (in % of gross salary)

  • zone 1: 3%
  • zone 2: 1%
  • zone 3: 0


Family salary supplement (monthly)

  • 2 children: €108.98
  • 3 children: €277.41
  • each additional child: €201.19 euros


The family salary supplement indicated on a base of the 783 increased, or the 5th IA-IPR level
Ministry of National Education, Youth and Associative Life – updated: August 2011