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France:Mobility and Internationalisation

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Overview France

Contents

France:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

France:Historical Development

France:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

France:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

France:Political and Economic Situation

France:Organisation and Governance

France:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

France:Lifelong Learning Strategy

France:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

France:Organisation of Private Education

France:National Qualifications Framework

France:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

France:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

France:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

France:Funding in Education

France:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

France:Higher Education Funding

France:Adult Education and Training Funding

France:Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Primary Education

France:Organisation of Primary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

France:Assessment in Primary Education

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

France:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Higher Education

France:Types of Higher Education Institutions

France:First Cycle Programmes

France:Bachelor

France:Short-Cycle Higher Education

France:Second Cycle Programmes

France:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

France:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

France:Adult Education and Training

France:Distribution of Responsibilities

France:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

France:Main Providers

France:Main Types of Provision

France:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

France:Teachers and Education Staff

France:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

France:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Management and Other Education Staff

France:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

France:Management Staff for Higher Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Quality Assurance

France:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

France:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

France:Educational Support and Guidance

France:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

France:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

France:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

France:Mobility and Internationalisation

France:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Mobility in Higher Education

France:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

France:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

France:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

France:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:National Reforms in School Education

France:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

France:National Reforms in Higher Education

France:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

France:European Perspective

France:Legislation

France:Glossary

In line with major European objectives, France seeks to promote international mobility among young people and adults. Under the impetus of the French presidency of the Council of the European Union (1 July - 31 December 2008), member States agreed that, beyond 2013, all young people (secondary school pupils and students) should have the opportunity to take part in some form of mobility during their studies or training. States also set themselves the task of increasing mobility among teachers, trainers and educational teams.

In the context of the Bologna Process, France participates in the drawing up of benchmarks for international mobility among young people. An initial objective has been set with regard to mobility among young students – which should reach the 20% threshold by 2020; two other benchmarks are currently under study, one for young people in initial vocational education and the other for young people as a whole. The question of statistical measurement of these objectives has been left to be tackled in the upcoming period.

At national level, a variety of authorities are involved in development of European cooperation in education, and in opening up the education system to the international scene. They include the Directorate for European and International Relations and Cooperation (DREIC - Direction des relations européennes et internationales et de la coopération), which coordinates the Department of Education’s European, international and cooperation policies; the Europe-Education-Formation France Agency (A2E2F), which contributes to implementation of the action programme in the field of lifelong education and training, and which is overseen by the Departments of Education, of Higher Education and Research, and of Labour, Employment and Health; and the International Centre for Pedagogical Studies (CIEPCentre international d’études pédagogique), a body under the supervision of the Departments of Education and of Higher Education and Research, which, among its other activities, is responsible for the promotion and financial and administrative monitoring of teacher mobility programmes.

European and international focuses form a major part of elementary school (ISCED 1), collège (ISCED 2) and lycée (ISCED 3) programmes. It is through the teaching of foreign languages in particular, along with geography, history and civic education, that the system seeks to open schoolchildren up to the European and international scene. Alongside the direct contribution made by the courses themselves, a whole range of initiatives taken at institutional level helps develop the European and international aspects of education, one example being growing membership of Europe’s Comenius programme.

Beyond the Community itself, France is deeply involved in international cooperation in education, both at multilateral and bilateral level. At multilateral level, the country is an active partner of three major organisations with competence in the field of education: the OECD, UNESCO and the European Council. The Department of Education takes active part in numerous comparative studies, such as the PISA and TALIS surveys, and the OECD’s “Education at a Glance”.

At bilateral level, major partnerships have been formed with many countries in Europe and beyond. Promotion of the language, mutual recognition of qualifications (in particular of the certificate of completion of secondary studies, the equivalent of the baccalaureate in France), creation of bilingual schools (such as the “Franco-German” lycées) and twinning of institutions are just a few examples of bilateral cooperation measures implemented with developed countries (Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Japan, etc.). In developing nations (in Africa, Asia and Latin America), France provides its expertise (with regard to managing the education system, statistical tools for assessment, teaching methods, etc.) along with financial aid, with a view to improving the effectiveness of education systems and policies in the countries concerned.