This page was last modified on 4 September 2015, at 14:30.

France:Main Types of Provision

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview France

Contents

France:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

France:Historical Development

France:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

France:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

France:Political and Economic Situation

France:Organisation and Governance

France:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

France:Lifelong Learning Strategy

France:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

France:Organisation of Private Education

France:National Qualifications Framework

France:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

France:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

France:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

France:Funding in Education

France:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

France:Higher Education Funding

France:Adult Education and Training Funding

France:Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

France:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:Primary Education

France:Organisation of Primary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

France:Assessment in Primary Education

France:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

France:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

France:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

France:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

France:Higher Education

France:Types of Higher Education Institutions

France:First Cycle Programmes

France:Bachelor

France:Short-Cycle Higher Education

France:Second Cycle Programmes

France:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

France:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

France:Adult Education and Training

France:Distribution of Responsibilities

France:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

France:Main Providers

France:Main Types of Provision

France:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

France:Teachers and Education Staff

France:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

France:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Management and Other Education Staff

France:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

France:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

France:Management Staff for Higher Education

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

France:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

France:Quality Assurance

France:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

France:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

France:Educational Support and Guidance

France:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

France:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

France:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

France:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

France:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

France:Mobility and Internationalisation

France:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Mobility in Higher Education

France:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

France:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

France:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

France:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

France:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

France:National Reforms in School Education

France:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

France:National Reforms in Higher Education

France:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

France:European Perspective

France:Legislation

France:Glossary

Provision to raise achievement in basic skills

Compétences clés (Key competencies)

This measure, set up starting 2009 through the DGEFP Circular letter of January 3rd, 2008, mainly aims at unemployed people, youngsters between 16 and 25 that left the school system without any diploma and people with a job, particularly the ones with a “Helped contract” (subject to the fact that the company pays the employee during training) or the ones that want to develop their skills without their hierarchy knowing. There are 5 key competencies: written comprehension and expression, mathematical skills and basic knowledge of sciences and technology, numerical skills, basic skills in a foreign language and finally the aptitude to develop one’s own knowledge and skills. The training rhythm has to be compatible with job search (maximum 18 hours a week) and cannot go over 400 hours.

This training, financed by the State or the Région, as well as the European Union through the European Social Fund, does not require the learner to financially participate. The program is led by both the State and the Région. Given through a Public contract, the provision is granted by two types of institutions: public institutions of adult education (such as the GRETA network) as well as private institutions (non-profit associations, educational companies, etc.). For the year 2010, 45 800 learners did go through this training to develop their basic skills.

Le programme IRILL (IRILL program)

The Insertion, Réinsertion et lutte contre l’Illettrisme program (IRILL - Integration, Reintegration and fight against illiteracy) allows to set literacy-improving activities in motion towards populations under judiciary control, especially people that are incarcerated, without excluding in-jail workers. The program cannot go over 120 hours of monthly training and overall length cannot be over 1 440 hours (12 months). These actions to fight illiteracy are set in motion with the help of the schooling block of the institution (under oversight of the National Education) and they allow trainees to take the Certification de Formation Générale (CFG - General Training Certificate).

Provision to achieve a recognised qualification during adulthood

Les Titres Professionnels (Professionnal titles)

These diplomas, recognized by the State, employers and professional branches, can be obtained through training courses or by validating experience and non-formal learning. The diplomas (as of June 1st, 2015, there are 264 titles registered in the Répertoire National des Certifications Professionnelles - RNCP - National Registry of Vocational Certifications) range goes from ISCED 3 to 6 (ISCED 2011). The Professional Title, which fosters career evolution or fastens reemployment, is proof that its holder masters skills, aptitudes and knowledge required to have a professional qualified activity. A specialization can also be added to the Professional Title (Certificat Complémentaire de Spécialisation - CCS - Specialization Complementary Certificate), and its examination arrangements are the same. The certificate is obtained after a training course (or validation of experience), provided by a public training institution (AFPA, etc.) or a recognized private training institution. The jury is only composed with professionals from the field of the aimed craft (at least 2 professionals).

Professional Titles aim at any individual that left the school system, already in its working life, whether or not (s)he is in employment. More specifically, Professional Titles are relevant for: individuals that left the system and that wish to acquire a qualification in a specific field (and particularly in the case of a Vocational Contract), people who have more than 3 years of professional experience and wishing to “convert” this experience in order to get a social promotion through a recognized qualification, and finally people that are facing unemployment and/or wishing to retrain.  This training is financed by the State and the Régions. During 2013, 106 800 learners got through the examination process for the Professional Title, among which a little more than 86 500 passed.

Higher Education Diplomas

In France, all Higher Education national diplomas (as well as post-secondary non tertiary ones, such as the Diplôme d’Accès aux Études Universitaires - DEAU) that are mainly obtained through initial training can also be obtained with Continuous Vocational Training and/or validation of experience. However, Diplômes Universitaires (DU - University Diplomas) also exist and are mostly only available to adult education. These diplomas aren’t subject to ministry validation. They are specific to each university (or to a group of universities in the case of the Inter University Diploma) and are specifically meant to respond to training needs that aren’t filled with national diplomas.

Provision targeting the transition on the labour market

In France, the training of unemployed people is mainly directed by the Pôle Emploi (the French governmental agency that registers unemployed people, and helps them find a job), which directs individuals looking for a job on trainings and financially helps if necessary with programs such as the ones that are detailed below. Training programs are given by the most important training institutions that are listed in section 8.3 (GRETA, AFPA, CNED, etc.). However, these institutions have a primary purpose of general continuous training, the unemployed being part of it. There is no training institution that specifically targets unemployed people.

Unemployed individuals keep their unemployment benefits during their training. Specific allocations are also available for unemployed people in training. At the end of their pension rights, under conditions, they also may benefit a specific training allowance. If the trainee is in an internship that is recognized by the State or the Région, (s)he can also get paid. However, the training cannot exceed 3 years. Finally, unemployed people have a certain number of obligations they have to fulfil in order to keep their unemployment benefits. One of the reasons they may lose these benefits if they refused to take part in a training program.

Contrat de Professionnalisation (Vocational Contract)

The Vocational Contract is a work-linked training contract that allows the student to acquire theoretical knowledge and a craftsmanship in a company. Targeted populations are between 16 and 25, but it is also relevant for the individuals that are over 26 and unemployed and the people who benefit specific allowances (social minima, disability allowance, etc.). These contracts cannot be done in Public institutions. The contract can be either short-term or on a undetermined period of time.

Contrat de Sécurisation Professionnelle(Employment Securing Contract)

This contract targets employed people that are facing an economic lay-off, in order to secure a quick reemployment and/or a retraining. The targeted population, if physically capable to be employed, may as well benefit, as long as they were at least one year in the company they were laid-off from, a specific allowance that amounts roughly to 80 % of their reference salary. The contract is 12 months long. The course starts with a skill and knowledge assessment phase, where the individual sets a new professional project plan. Thereafter, (s)he is supported through the whole training, and can benefit from experience validation process and/or training courses.

Action de Formation Conventionnée (Contracted Training Plan)

The contracted training plan is set up by the Pôle Emploi if the agency counsellor considers that training would fasten the reemployment of a job seeker. The plan represents an opportunity to bring knowledge and skills of job seekers to the level that is required by the labour market: in terms of expertise (technics, professional driving licenses, foreign languages, etc.) as well as diplomas, especially in certain fields (home help, children care, etc.). If done collectively, the training plan will happen in a training centre. It responds to a need of employment and qualification that is acknowledged in local firms, and is usually followed by a job offer for the seeker. If done individually, the training plan can also be achieved through a validation of experience (non-formal and informal learning), that will ease the success of the training plan.

Action de Formation Préalable au Recrutement (Pre-recruitment Training Plan)

In the case of certain job offers (mainly short term contracts, 6 to 12 months), the candidate can ask to recieve a training that will fill the gap between his (her) skills and the ones that the job requires. This training plan cannot exceed 400 hours and may be done full time or part time. This training plan can be set up for a pre-qualifying training process before a Vocational Contract. During the training, the trainee is paid with specific allowances for reemployment.

Provision of liberal (popular) education

In France, popular education is mainly provided by non-profit associations. These associations, sometimes gathered as national federations (such as the Ligue de l’enseignement), may be subsidized or even certified by a ministry if it acknowledges that the non-profit fulfills a list of criteria, such as the general interest objective, the non-profit goal, openness to everyone one without discriminations, quality of provided services, etc. As of January 1st, 2015, 11 national federations of popular education associations did sign the Objectives Charter of Popular Education with the Department of Culture and Communication.

This charter, written and first signed in 1999, sets common goals to these federations. It also sets the framework of the federations and their partners. Each federation has thus its own objectives multi-year agreement in terms of popular education, set by the Department of Culture and Communications, following 5 domains of intervention:

  • Coordination, qualification and valuing networks;
  • Presence on the territorial grid;
  • Access to culture;
  • Developing and qualifying amateur projects and usages;
  • Lifelong education.

Each federation has its own objectives contract. The last multi-year contract period was 2012-2014.

Other types of publicly subsidised provision for adult learners

A lot of other non-profit associations also exist to train populations that are distant from education, and especially adults. Some of these associations [[Vhttp:vhttp://www.education.gouv.fr/cid21129/les-associations-agreees-et-ou-subventionnees-par-l-education-nationale.htmlhttp:/www.education.gouv.fr/cid21129/les-associations-agreees-et-ou-subventionnees-par-l-education-nationale.htmlhttp:/www.education.gouv.fr/cid21129/les-associations-agreees-et-ou-subventionnees-par-l-education-nationale.html|are also subsidized or certified]] by the Department of National Education, Higher Education and Research. These associations may focus on a specific thematic, or alternatively, may target specific needs populations (disabled individuals, prisoners, etc.). If these associations are certified, the agreement is valid for 5 years and renewable.

Numerous Popular Universities (around 60) exist as well in France, federated by the Association des Universités Populaires de France (AUPF - France Popular Universities Association), that set up lectures to convey knowledge to everyone. Finally, some public Universities also organize lectures that are specifically set up for an adult population (Université Permanente).

Sources: Emploi.gouv : Compétences Clés ; Défi-métiers : programme IRILL ; Emploi.gouv : les Titres Professionnels ; Formation Continue à l’Université ; l’AFPA : la formation diplômante et la VAE ; Inscriptions et obligations des demandeurs d’emploi ; La rémunération pendant la formation ; Le contrat de professionnalisation ; Circular DGFIP no. 2012-15 of July 19th, 2012 ; Le contrat de sécurisation professionnelle ; Law no.2011-893 of July 28th, 2011 ; Action de formation conventionnée ; Action de formation préalable au recrutement / Préparation opérationnelle à l’emploi